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How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Chris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He’s written about technology for over a decade and was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The New York Times and Reader’s Digest, been interviewed as a technology expert on TV stations like Miami’s NBC 6, and had his work covered by news outlets like the BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read nearly one billion times—and that’s just here at How-To Geek. Read more.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apple is adding more privacy protections in macOS 10.14 Mojave. Mac applications must request permission before accessing data like your photos, emails, webcam, microphone, calendars, and contacts. If an app tries accessing protected resources without permission, it may crash.

What You Need to Know

macOS Mojave provides additional protection for your private data. In the past, apps running on your Mac could access much of this data without asking you for permission. Now, to better protect against malware or sneaky apps viewing your data without your permission, apps must request access to more resources.

This permission system is similar to the one on Apple’s iPhones and iPads. However, it’s a bit clunkier because Apple designed the mobile iOS operating system for permissions from day one. On the macOS side, there’s a universe of older Mac applications that don’t understand permissions. These apps assume they have access to these resources, which can cause problems.

Most of the time, you won’t even notice this new permission system, and you won’t need to think about it. Any problems should become rarer as app developers update their applications to work properly with macOS Mojave, too. But you may have some teething issues while running older applications.

This works differently from standard file and folder permissions, which still work in the traditional way. For example, if you’re running an application from your user account, it can only access files to which your user account has access. But, with these additional permissions, that app won’t have access to your photo library unless you explicitly allow it—even though your user account has access to your photo library. It’s an additional, more granular layer of restrictions.

What Data Do Apps Have to Ask For?

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apps must prompt you for permission before accessing location services, contacts, calendars, reminders, and your photo libraries. They must also get your permission before accessing your camera, microphone, or your Mac’s automation features. Importantly, the app’s developer has to declare these capabilities as part of the app. In other words, if an app’s developer hasn’t designed the app to ask for photo permission, you can’t give the app access to your photo library.

Apps also don’t typically have access to special types of application data, including anything in your Mail app, messages, Safari browsing history, Safari cookies, Time Machine backups, and iTunes backups, without your permission. These types of special application data are included in the “Application Data” category in your Mac’s settings. You can give any app access to this special application data. There’s no way for app developers to request access to it.

How to Give Apps Access to Data

Apps are supposed to prompt you when they want to access protected private information, such as your photos or contacts. You might see prompt messages when an app wants to access this data. Just agree to the prompt to give the app access, or click “Don’t Allow” to block it.

You can also configure these restrictions from your Mac’s System Preferences window. In fact, you might have to use this window if the app doesn’t prompt for access. You can also head here to revoke permission you’ve given, or allow permission you’ve previously denied.

To find these settings, click Apple menu > System Preferences > Security & Privacy > Privacy.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Go through the categories here to see which installed apps are capable of accessing which types of content. For example, to see which apps can access your photos, click the “Photos” category.

You can’t give an app access to this data if it doesn’t ask for it. If you want to provide an installed app access to your photo library but it doesn’t appear in this list and doesn’t ask for access to the photo library in the app itself, there’s no way to add it. The developer has to declare that capability in the app and release an update.

However, you can always export a photo from your library and save it in an unprotected folder, like your Documents or Desktop folders, and then open it in another application.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

To choose which apps can access miscellaneous other app data, click the “Application Data” category. First, click the lock icon and type your password. You can then click the “+” button to add any installed app in this list, giving it access to application data like your mail, messages, history, cookies, and backups.

There’s no way for apps to request access to this data or declare they can handle it. You have to go to this pane and add them to the list manually if they need this access. For example, you might need to come here and give system tools access to your application data if they need to work with these protected folders.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

What to Do If Apps Crash or Can’t See Files

Two problems might occur if an app doesn’t have access to a resource and you try accessing it. The app might simply crash, as macOS Mojave terminates it for trying to do something that isn’t allowed.

In other cases, macOS Mojave will just not let the app see the data. For example, you may try opening a protected folder only to see its contents as blank and empty.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

If the app crashes or can’t access data, but doesn’t prompt for access, go into your Security & Privacy pane and give the app access to the category of data, if possible.

If you need to access a file in a protected location, copy it to a not-protected location. For example, if you have an email attachment you want to open, go into Mail and save the attachment to a folder like your Documents or Desktop folders, which aren’t protected. If you want to access a photo in your photos library, export a copy of the photo to your Documents or Desktop.

If the app needs to access a type of data, but you can’t give it access to that data, contact the app’s developer and let the developer know the problem. This is likely an issue the app developer needs to fix. Problems should become less common as developers update their apps for Mojave.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Thanks to The Eclectic Light Company for bringing our attention to Mojave’s privacy protections and what Mac users will need to know about it.

Prior to macOS 10.14 Mojave, the only significant limits on the files and folders which an unsandboxed app can access are set by permissions. Apps like Revisionist and xattred which incorporate directory crawlers have been able to roam free within standard Unix constraints. Try to examine or open an item to which you don’t have access either gets blocked completely, or returns an error which is easily handled in the code.

Mojave introduces additional protections to preserve the privacy of a lot of content and data, including Mail, Messages, Safari history, address books, calendars, reminders, and specific data such as location, audio and camera media. In doing so, it doesn’t follow the Unix model of permissions, particularly when the app in question is one which has been ‘hardened’ for notarization.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

When a developer ‘hardens’ an app for Mojave’s new notarization scheme, they have to choose which of the new types of protected data they wish that app to be able to access. Only their options are limited, and currently don’t include Mail, Messages, Safari history, or the like.

The settings which I chose for Revisionist’s hardening do not give any access to private content such as Photos libraries, as their contents don’t have associated versions, and in any case the user shouldn’t be running the risk of tampering with any versions which might be there. That hardened and notarized version of Revisionist cannot, therefore, look inside a Photos library.

Run from a straight installation, the crawler in the notarized version of Revisionist finds and checks just four items in my Pictures folder, and can’t see inside the Photos libraries there.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

A user who might want to look inside those libraries would naturally open the Privacy tab in Mojave’s Security & Privacy pane. There, listed on the left, is the Photos item, which they will then select. My notarized version of Revisionist doesn’t then appear among the apps listed, and the user has no way of adding it, as its hardening baked in the rule that it doesn’t access Photos libraries.

If they have been fortunate enough to read more widely, they may be aware that adding Revisionist to the list of apps in the Application Data pane – which doesn’t mention Photos libraries – could do the trick. As hardening doesn’t provide the developer with any option to access Mail, Messages, and similar data, this appears to be their last resort.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Sure enough, with Revisionist added to that list and enabled, running its crawler now finds and checks all 4535 files contained in those Photos libraries.

What happens, though, if the user then decides to open one of those files which is not covered by the entitlements baked into the app, but which should be permitted by the user adding the app to the Application Data list?

This is where it all goes horribly undefined. According to the transcript of session 702 at WWDC back in June:
“So if your app attempts to access any data that is part of one of the protected categories that Kelly described in his previous section, and you don’t have the appropriate entitlement signed in your app, then the system will automatically terminate it.”

The words “automatically terminate it” mean that the app unexpectedly quits, in a way that Unix doesn’t when you try to access the inaccessible. Only by browsing down many lines in the crash report do you discover that the cause of the crash is an attempt to access a protected file.

For the moment, I’m unable to check whether the user has any means of changing that behaviour, because even pointing an Open File dialog at a protected file results in an immediate crash, before the app has had a chance to learn which file it was hoped to open.

I can see that hardening an app like xattred, which works with extended attributes anywhere that it has Unix permissions, is not going to be a simple process, without losing much of its functionality.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

In my previous post, I pointed out that it is the app developer who is most likely to be confronted with problems arising from Mojave’s new privacy protection, as the most severe effect is going to be that their app crashes when trying to access protected data. Users will see this as a failing in the app, rather than the consequence of their action, or of macOS defending their privacy.

Unless a user takes to browsing the Info.plist of the applications they run, and understands in some depth how Mojave’s privacy protection works, there is no easy way for them to discover what limits an app might have. There’s no convenient display in Finder’s Get Info dialog, for instance, which tells them that the image editor they’re about to use doesn’t have access to images in their address book, or Photos library.

Indeed, when they use the Finder, they will see that they have normal read and write access to all of these folders and files. Unlike Unix permissions, Mojave’s Finder doesn’t give any indication of what is protected, either in its own windows or in its Get Info dialog.

Apps which are not currently permitted to access protected folders do display conventional No Entry signs on those folders when you try to open a protected area in their Open File dialog. But that conflicts with the Finder’s display of those same folders being fully accessible. I can see some users considering that to be a bug in the app, and complaining about it.

Apple would no doubt argue that users have to do something different in order to see protected data, such as opening their hidden Home Library folder, or looking inside a Photos library. Whilst that is true, I know of plenty of users who have done such things, but don’t even understand normal file permissions, let alone what Mojave is about to unleash.

At the very least, the app developer needs to tell users what their apps are able to do, and where they can’t go. If privacy protection is going to be meaningful and work to our benefit, we shouldn’t be enabling every app to access protected data, nor should the user be giving them all Full Disk Access.

My suggested example is a simple, predominantly graphical panel based on Mojave’s Privacy settings, listing for an app what it can and cannot do, and how. For instance, here is one for my extended attribute editor, xattred:

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

I am putting that information in its documentation, and in a new command in its Help menu. Many users may ignore both, but we can only take the horse to water.

The Help window is quick and simple to do. Here is an archive containing blank light and dark mode files, and completed examples: privacyhelp

Mark up one of each for your app, and add them to a new image set in Xcode’s Asset Catalog. Use the Any, Light, Dark appearance to ensure that your app will automatically use the right image for the current mode.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Make a new Window Controller in Interface Builder, around 279 x 377 in size, and with a suitable Storyboard ID such as Privacy Window Controller . Add an Image View, and set it to display your image.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Then, in your AppDelegate source, add the code to show that window, in a function which you then connect to a menu command of Privacy settings in the Help menu.

When it’s all built and running, using that command will display the image.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

And switching to Dark Mode will automatically show that version instead.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

If you’ve got your scaling right, the user should be able to put your window next to the Security & Privacy pane, and match the items listed in each.

For an app which seeks no special access to protected areas, the only item which should be ticked is, of course, Full Disk Access. That sends the clear message that, should the user not grant that access, trying to open any protected data may be unwise.

You are very welcome to use this and the examples provided, to adapt, remix, or do whatever you want with them, if you think they might help.

In future versions of Mojave, I think that it would be helpful to everyone if:

  • The Finder’s Get Info parsed app information and gave some idea of its privacy constraints, and
  • Privacy-protected folders and files were visibly identified as such when viewed in Finder windows (not just Open File dialogs). Come to think of it, we don’t seem to have a general icon to signify what is private; this might be its first good purpose.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apple, macOS 10.14 Mojave’da daha fazla gizlilik koruması ekliyor. Mac uygulamaları fotoğraflarınız, e-postalarınız, web kameranız, mikrofonunuz, takvimleriniz ve kişileriniz gibi verilere erişmeden önce izin istemelidir. Bir uygulama korumalı kaynaklara izinsiz erişmeye çalışırsa, çökebilir.

Ne bilmek istiyorsun

macOS Mojave, özel verileriniz için ek koruma sağlar. Geçmişte, Mac’inizde çalışan uygulamalar sizden izin istemeden bu verilerin çoğuna erişebilirdi. Artık, izniniz olmadan verilerinizi görüntüleyen kötü amaçlı yazılımlara veya gizli uygulamalara karşı daha iyi koruma sağlamak için uygulamaların daha fazla kaynağa erişim istemesi gerekir.

Bu izin sistemi Apple’ın iPhone’larında ve iPad’lerindekine benzer. Bununla birlikte, bu biraz clunkier çünkü Apple mobil iOS işletim sistemini ilk günden itibaren izinler için tasarladı. MacOS tarafında, izinleri anlamayan bir eski Mac uygulamaları evreni var. Bu uygulamalar sorunlara neden olabilecek bu kaynaklara erişimlerini varsayar..

Çoğu zaman, bu yeni izin sistemini bile farketmeyeceksiniz ve bunun hakkında düşünmenize gerek kalmayacak. Uygulama geliştiricileri, uygulamalarını macOS Mojave ile de düzgün çalışacak şekilde güncelledikçe, sorunların daha da artması gerekir. Ancak eski uygulamaları çalıştırırken bazı diş çıkarma problemleriniz olabilir..

Bu, hala geleneksel şekilde çalışan standart dosya ve klasör izinlerinden farklı şekilde çalışır. Örneğin, kullanıcı hesabınızdan bir uygulama çalıştırıyorsanız, yalnızca kullanıcı hesabınızın erişebildiği dosyalara erişebilir. Ancak, bu ek izinlerle, kullanıcı hesabınız fotoğraf kitaplığınıza erişebilse bile, açıkça izin vermediğiniz sürece bu uygulamanın fotoğraf kitaplığınıza erişimi olmaz. Ek, daha ayrıntılı bir kısıtlama katmanıdır.

Uygulamalar İçin Hangi Veriler Sormalı??

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Uygulamaların konum servislerine, rehbere, takvimlere, hatırlatıcılara ve fotoğraf kitaplıklarına erişmeden önce sizden izin alması gerekir. Ayrıca kameranıza, mikrofonunuza veya Mac’in otomasyon özelliklerine erişmeden önce izninizi almaları gerekir. Önemli olarak, uygulamanın geliştiricisi bu yetenekleri uygulamanın bir parçası olarak beyan etmek zorundadır. Başka bir deyişle, bir uygulamanın geliştiricisi uygulamayı fotoğraf izni istemek üzere tasarlamadıysa, uygulamaya fotoğraf kitaplığınıza erişemezsiniz..

Uygulamalar ayrıca, Posta uygulamanızdaki herhangi bir şey, iletiler, Safari tarama geçmişi, Safari çerezleri, Time Machine yedeklemeleri ve iTunes yedeklemeleri dahil olmak üzere özel uygulama verilerine da erişemez. Bu özel uygulama verileri, Mac ayarlarınızdaki “Uygulama Verileri” kategorisine dahil edilmiştir. Bu özel uygulama verilerine herhangi bir uygulamaya erişim izni verebilirsiniz. Uygulama geliştiricilerin buna erişmesini isteme imkanı yok.

Uygulamaların bilgisayarınızı kontrol etmesini sağlayan “erişilebilirlik” izni de var.

Uygulamalara Verilere Erişim Nasıl Verilir

Uygulamaların, fotoğraflarınız veya kişileriniz gibi korunan özel bilgilere erişmek istediklerinde size bilgi vermeleri gerekir. Bir uygulama bu verilere erişmek istediğinde bilgi istemi mesajları görebilirsiniz. Uygulamaya erişim izni verme komutunu kabul etmeniz veya engellemek için “İzin Verme” seçeneğini tıklamanız yeterlidir..

Bu kısıtlamaları Mac’in Sistem Tercihleri ​​penceresinden de yapılandırabilirsiniz. Aslında, uygulama erişim istemediğinde, bu pencereyi kullanmanız gerekebilir. Ayrıca, verdiğiniz izni iptal etmek veya daha önce reddettiğiniz izni vermek için buraya gidebilirsiniz..

Bu ayarları bulmak için, Apple menüsü> Sistem Tercihleri> Güvenlik ve Gizlilik> Gizlilik’i tıklayın..

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Hangi yüklü uygulamaların hangi tür içeriğe erişebileceğini görmek için buradaki kategorileri inceleyin. Örneğin, hangi uygulamaların fotoğraflarınıza erişebildiğini görmek için “Fotoğraflar” kategorisini tıklayın..

İstemediği takdirde bir uygulamaya bu verilere erişemezsiniz. Fotoğraf kitaplığınıza yüklü bir uygulama erişimi sağlamak istiyorsanız, ancak bu listede görünmüyor ve uygulamanın kendisindeki fotoğraf kitaplığına erişmek istemiyorsa, onu eklemenin yolu yoktur. Geliştirici uygulamanın bu yeteneğini beyan etmek ve bir güncelleme yayınlamak zorundadır.

Bununla birlikte, bir fotoğrafı her zaman kütüphanenizden dışa aktarabilir ve Belgeler veya Masaüstü klasörleriniz gibi korumasız bir klasöre kaydedebilir ve ardından başka bir uygulamada açabilirsiniz..

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Hangi uygulamaların diğer çeşitli uygulama verilerine erişebileceğini seçmek için “Uygulama Verileri” kategorisini tıklayın. İlk önce kilit simgesini tıklayın ve şifrenizi yazın. Yüklenen herhangi bir uygulamayı bu listeye eklemek için “+” düğmesini tıklayıp posta, mesajlar, geçmiş, çerezler ve yedeklemeler gibi uygulama verilerine erişmesini sağlayabilirsiniz..

Uygulamaların bu verilere erişim isteğinde bulunmasına veya bunları işleyebileceklerini beyan etmelerine imkan yoktur. Bu panele gitmeniz ve bu erişime ihtiyaç duymaları halinde el ile listeye eklemeniz gerekir. Örneğin, buraya gelmeniz ve bu korumalı klasörlerle çalışması gerekiyorsa, uygulama verilerinize sistem araçlarına erişim izni vermeniz gerekebilir..

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Uygulamalar Kilitlenirse veya Dosyaları Göremiyorsa Ne Yapmalı

Bir uygulamanın bir kaynağa erişimi yoksa ve erişmeye çalıştığınızda iki sorun ortaya çıkabilir. MacOS Mojave izin verilmeyen bir şey yapmaya çalıştığı için onu sonlandırdığı için uygulama basitçe çökebilir.

Diğer durumlarda, macOS Mojave uygulamanın verileri görmesine izin vermez. Örneğin, korumalı bir klasörü açmayı sadece içeriğini boş ve boş görmek için deneyebilirsiniz..

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Uygulama çökerse veya verilere erişemiyorsa, ancak erişim istemiyorsa, Güvenlik ve Gizlilik panelinize gidin ve mümkünse uygulamaya veri kategorisine erişim verin.

Korumalı bir konumdaki bir dosyaya erişmeniz gerekirse, korumalı olmayan bir yere kopyalayın. Örneğin, açmak istediğiniz bir e-posta ekiniz varsa, Posta’ya gidin ve eki korumalı olmayan Belgeler veya Masaüstü klasörleri gibi bir klasöre kaydedin. Fotoğraf kütüphanenizdeki bir fotoğrafa erişmek istiyorsanız, fotoğrafın bir kopyasını Belgelerinize veya Masaüstünüze verin.

Uygulamanın bir tür verilere erişmesi gerekiyorsa, ancak bu verilere erişmesine izin veremiyorsanız, uygulamanın geliştiricisine başvurun ve geliştiriciye sorunu bildirin. Bu, uygulama geliştiricisinin düzeltmesi gereken bir sorun olabilir. Geliştiriciler Mojave için uygulamalarını güncelledikçe sorunlar daha az yaygın hale gelmeli.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Mojave’in gizlilik korumalarına ve Mac kullanıcılarının bu konuda ne bilmeleri gerektiğine dikkatimizi çeken Eklectic Light Company’e teşekkür ederiz..

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Geoffrey_Carr

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apple legger til flere personvernbeskyttere i MacOS 10.14 Mojave. Mac-applikasjoner må be om tillatelse før du får tilgang til data som bilder, e-post, webkamera, mikrofon, kalendere og kontakter. Hvis en app prøver å få tilgang til beskyttede ressurser uten tillatelse, kan det krasje.

Hva du trenger å vite

macOS mojave gir ekstra beskyttelse for dine private data. Tidligere kan apper som kjører på Mac, få tilgang til mye av disse dataene uten å be om tillatelse. Nå, for å bedre beskytte mot skadelig programvare eller lurte apper som ser på dataene dine uten din tillatelse, må apper be om tilgang til flere ressurser.

Dette tillatelsessystemet ligner det på Apples iPhones og iPads. Men det er litt clunkier fordi Apple designet det mobile iOS-operativsystemet for tillatelser fra første dag. På macOS-siden er det et univers av eldre Mac-programmer som ikke forstår tillatelser. Disse appene antar at de har tilgang til disse ressursene, noe som kan føre til problemer.

Mesteparten av tiden vil du ikke engang merke dette nye tillatelsessystemet, og du trenger ikke å tenke på det. Eventuelle problemer bør bli sjeldnere da app-utviklere oppdaterer sine applikasjoner for å fungere skikkelig med macOS Mojave også. Men det kan hende du har noen tankeproblemer mens du kjører eldre programmer.

Dette virker annerledes enn standard fil- og mappegodkjenninger, som fortsatt fungerer på tradisjonell måte. Hvis du for eksempel kjører et program fra brukerkontoen din, kan den bare få tilgang til filer som brukerkontoen din har tilgang til. Men med disse tilleggstillatelsene, vil den appen ikke ha tilgang til fotobiblioteket ditt, med mindre du eksplisitt tillater det – selv om brukerkontoen din har tilgang til fotobiblioteket ditt. Det er et ekstra, mer granulært lag av restriksjoner.

Hvilke data trenger apper å be om?

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apper må be deg om tillatelse før du får tilgang til plasseringstjenester, kontakter, kalendere, påminnelser og fotobiblioteker. De må også få din tillatelse før du får tilgang til kameraet, mikrofonen eller Macens automatiseringsfunksjoner. Det er viktig at appens utvikler må deklarere disse funksjonene som en del av appen. Med andre ord, hvis en apps utvikler ikke har laget appen for å be om foto-tillatelse, kan du ikke gi appen tilgang til fotobiblioteket ditt.

Apper har ikke vanligvis tilgang til spesielle typer applikasjonsdata, inkludert alt i Mail-appen din, meldinger, Safari-nettlesingsloggen, Safari-kaker, Time Machine-sikkerhetskopier og iTunes-sikkerhetskopier, uten din tillatelse. Disse typer spesielle applikasjonsdata er inkludert i kategorien “Programdata” i Mac-innstillingene dine. Du kan gi noen app tilgang til denne spesielle applikasjonsdata. Det er ingen måte for apputviklere å be om tilgang til det.

Tillatelsen “tilgjengelighet” som tillater at apper kan kontrollere datamaskinen, eksisterer også.

Slik gir du tilgang til data på apper

Apper skal spørre deg når de vil ha tilgang til beskyttet privat informasjon, for eksempel bilder eller kontakter. Du kan se raske meldinger når en app ønsker å få tilgang til disse dataene. Bare godta spørringen om å gi appen tilgang, eller klikk “Ikke tillat” for å blokkere den.

Du kan også konfigurere disse begrensningene fra Mac-systemets systemvalg. Faktisk må du kanskje bruke dette vinduet hvis appen ikke ber om tilgang. Du kan også lede her for å tilbakekalle tillatelse du har gitt, eller tillate tillatelse du tidligere har nektet.

Hvis du vil finne disse innstillingene, klikker du på Apple-menyen> Systemvalg> Sikkerhet og personvern> Personvern.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Gå gjennom kategoriene her for å se hvilke installerte apper som er i stand til å få tilgang til hvilke typer innhold. Hvis du for eksempel vil se hvilke apper som kan få tilgang til bildene dine, klikker du på kategorien “Bilder”.

Du kan ikke gi en app tilgang til disse dataene hvis den ikke ber om det. Hvis du vil gi en installert app tilgang til bildebiblioteket ditt, men det ikke vises i denne listen og ikke ber om tilgang til fotobiblioteket i selve appen, er det ikke mulig å legge til det. Utvikleren må deklarere den muligheten i appen og gi ut en oppdatering.

Du kan imidlertid alltid eksportere et bilde fra biblioteket ditt og lagre det i en ubeskyttet mappe, som Dokumenter eller Desktop-mapper, og deretter åpne den i et annet program.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

For å velge hvilke apper som kan få tilgang til diverse andre appdata, klikker du kategorien “Programdata”. Klikk først på låsikonet og skriv inn passordet ditt. Du kan deretter klikke på “+” -knappen for å legge til en installert app i denne listen, slik at den får tilgang til applikasjonsdata som din e-post, meldinger, historie, informasjonskapsler og sikkerhetskopier.

Det er ingen måte for apper å be om tilgang til disse dataene, eller erklære at de kan håndtere det. Du må gå til denne ruten og legge dem til listen manuelt hvis de trenger denne tilgangen. For eksempel kan det hende du må komme hit og gi systemverktøy tilgang til søknadsdataene dine hvis de trenger å jobbe med disse beskyttede mappene.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Hva å gjøre hvis apper krasjer eller ikke kan se filer

To problemer kan oppstå hvis en app ikke har tilgang til en ressurs, og du prøver å få tilgang til den.Appen kan bare krasje, da macOS Mojave avslutter det for å prøve å gjøre noe som ikke er tillatt.

I andre tilfeller vil macOS Mojave bare ikke la appen se dataene. For eksempel kan du prøve å åpne en beskyttet mappe bare for å se innholdet som tomt og tomt.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Hvis appen krasjer eller ikke får tilgang til data, men ikke spør om tilgang, går du inn i ruten Sikkerhet og personvern og gir appen tilgang til kategorien data, om mulig.

Hvis du trenger tilgang til en fil på et beskyttet sted, kopier det til et ikke-beskyttet sted. Hvis du for eksempel har et e-postvedlegg du vil åpne, går du inn i Mail og lagrer vedlegget til en mappe som Dokumenter eller Desktop-mapper, som ikke er beskyttet. Hvis du vil få tilgang til et bilde i bildebiblioteket ditt, kan du eksportere en kopi av bildet til Dokumenter eller Desktop.

Hvis appen trenger tilgang til en type data, men du ikke kan gi den tilgang til dataene, kan du kontakte appens utvikler og la utvikleren vite problemet. Dette er sannsynligvis et problem som apputvikleren må fikse. Problemer bør bli mindre vanlige da utviklere oppdaterer sine apps for Mojave.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Takk til The Eclectic Light Company for å bringe vår oppmerksomhet mot Mojaves personvernbeskyttelse og hvilke Mac-brukere som trenger å vite om det.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apple กำลังเพิ่มการปกป้องความเป็นส่วนตัวใน macOS 10.14 Mojave แอปพลิเคชัน Mac ต้องขออนุญาตก่อนเข้าถึงข้อมูลเช่นภาพถ่ายอีเมลเว็บแคมไมโครโฟนปฏิทินและผู้ติดต่อของคุณ หากแอปพยายามเข้าถึงทรัพยากรที่มีการป้องกันโดยไม่ได้รับอนุญาตอาจมีปัญหา.

สิ่งที่คุณต้องรู้

macOS Mojave ให้การป้องกันเพิ่มเติมสำหรับข้อมูลส่วนตัวของคุณ ในอดีตแอปที่ทำงานบน Mac ของคุณสามารถเข้าถึงข้อมูลส่วนใหญ่ได้โดยไม่ต้องขออนุญาตจากคุณ ตอนนี้เพื่อป้องกันมัลแวร์หรือแอปที่แอบดูข้อมูลของคุณได้ดียิ่งขึ้นโดยไม่ได้รับอนุญาตแอปจะต้องร้องขอการเข้าถึงทรัพยากรเพิ่มเติม.

ระบบการอนุญาตนี้คล้ายกับระบบบน iPhone และ iPad ของ Apple อย่างไรก็ตามมันค่อนข้างแปลกเพราะ Apple ออกแบบระบบปฏิบัติการ iOS บนมือถือเพื่อขออนุญาตตั้งแต่วันแรก ทางด้าน macOS มีแอปพลิเคชั่น Mac รุ่นเก่าที่ไม่เข้าใจการอนุญาต แอพเหล่านี้สมมติว่าพวกเขาสามารถเข้าถึงทรัพยากรเหล่านี้ซึ่งอาจทำให้เกิดปัญหา.

ส่วนใหญ่คุณจะไม่สังเกตเห็นระบบการอนุญาตใหม่นี้และคุณไม่จำเป็นต้องคิดถึงมัน ปัญหาใด ๆ ก็ควรจะหายากยิ่งขึ้นเมื่อนักพัฒนาแอปอัปเดตแอปพลิเคชันของตนเพื่อให้ทำงานได้อย่างถูกต้องกับ macOS Mojave แต่คุณอาจมีปัญหาการงอกของฟันขณะใช้งานแอปพลิเคชันรุ่นเก่า.

สิ่งนี้ทำงานแตกต่างจากสิทธิ์ไฟล์และโฟลเดอร์มาตรฐานซึ่งยังคงใช้งานได้ตามปกติ ตัวอย่างเช่นหากคุณใช้งานแอปพลิเคชันจากบัญชีผู้ใช้ของคุณมันจะสามารถเข้าถึงไฟล์ที่บัญชีผู้ใช้ของคุณมีสิทธิ์เข้าถึงเท่านั้น แต่ด้วยสิทธิ์เพิ่มเติมเหล่านี้แอปนั้นจะไม่สามารถเข้าถึงคลังรูปภาพของคุณได้เว้นแต่คุณจะอนุญาตอย่างชัดเจนแม้ว่าบัญชีผู้ใช้ของคุณจะมีสิทธิ์เข้าถึงคลังรูปภาพของคุณ มันเป็นชั้นของข้อ จำกัด เพิ่มเติมที่ละเอียดยิ่งขึ้น.

แอพข้อมูลใดที่ต้องขอ?

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

แอพต้องแจ้งเตือนคุณก่อนได้รับอนุญาตก่อนเข้าถึงบริการระบุตำแหน่งรายชื่อปฏิทินเตือนความจำและคลังรูปภาพของคุณ พวกเขาจะต้องได้รับอนุญาตจากคุณก่อนที่จะเข้าถึงกล้องไมโครโฟนหรือคุณสมบัติการทำงานอัตโนมัติของ Mac ของคุณ ที่สำคัญนักพัฒนาแอปจะต้องประกาศความสามารถเหล่านี้เป็นส่วนหนึ่งของแอพ กล่าวอีกนัยหนึ่งหากนักพัฒนาแอปไม่ได้ออกแบบแอพเพื่อขออนุญาตถ่ายภาพคุณไม่สามารถให้แอปเข้าถึงไลบรารีรูปภาพของคุณ.

โดยทั่วไปแล้วแอปจะไม่สามารถเข้าถึงข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชันพิเศษรวมถึงสิ่งใดก็ตามในแอปอีเมลข้อความประวัติการเข้าชมของ Safari Safari คุกกี้การสำรองข้อมูล Time Machine และการสำรองข้อมูล iTunes โดยไม่ได้รับอนุญาตจากคุณ ข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชันพิเศษประเภทเหล่านี้รวมอยู่ในหมวดหมู่ “ข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชัน” ในการตั้งค่าของ Mac คุณสามารถให้แอปเข้าถึงข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชันพิเศษนี้ได้ นักพัฒนาแอปไม่สามารถร้องขอการเข้าถึงได้.

สิทธิ์“ การเข้าถึง” ที่อนุญาตให้แอปควบคุมคอมพิวเตอร์ของคุณยังคงมีอยู่เช่นกัน.

วิธีให้สิทธิ์การเข้าถึงแอปกับข้อมูล

แอพควรแจ้งเตือนคุณเมื่อพวกเขาต้องการเข้าถึงข้อมูลส่วนตัวที่ได้รับการป้องกันเช่นรูปถ่ายหรือรายชื่อผู้ติดต่อของคุณ คุณอาจเห็นข้อความแจ้งเตือนเมื่อแอพต้องการเข้าถึงข้อมูลนี้ เพียงยอมรับพรอมต์เพื่อให้แอปเข้าถึงหรือคลิก“ ไม่อนุญาต” เพื่อบล็อก.

คุณสามารถกำหนดค่าข้อ จำกัด เหล่านี้ได้จากหน้าต่างการตั้งค่าระบบของ Mac ในความเป็นจริงคุณอาจต้องใช้หน้าต่างนี้หากแอปไม่แสดงข้อความให้เข้าถึง คุณสามารถมุ่งหน้าไปที่นี่เพื่อเพิกถอนการอนุญาตที่คุณได้รับหรืออนุญาตการอนุญาตที่คุณปฏิเสธก่อนหน้านี้.

หากต้องการค้นหาการตั้งค่าเหล่านี้คลิกเมนู Apple> การตั้งค่าระบบ> ความปลอดภัยและความเป็นส่วนตัว> ความเป็นส่วนตัว.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

ดูหมวดหมู่ที่นี่เพื่อดูว่าแอพใดที่ติดตั้งไว้สามารถเข้าถึงเนื้อหาประเภทใด ตัวอย่างเช่นหากต้องการดูว่าแอพใดสามารถเข้าถึงรูปภาพของคุณให้คลิกหมวดหมู่“ รูปภาพ”.

คุณไม่สามารถให้แอปเข้าถึงข้อมูลนี้หากไม่ได้ขอข้อมูล หากคุณต้องการให้แอพที่ติดตั้งไปยังไลบรารีรูปภาพของคุณติดตั้ง แต่ไม่ปรากฏในรายการนี้และไม่ขอสิทธิ์เข้าถึงไลบรารีรูปภาพในแอปนั้น ๆ ไม่มีวิธีเพิ่ม ผู้พัฒนาต้องประกาศความสามารถนั้นในแอพและปล่อยการอัปเดต.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

หากต้องการเลือกแอปใดที่สามารถเข้าถึงข้อมูลแอปอื่น ๆ ให้คลิกหมวดหมู่ “ข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชัน” ก่อนอื่นให้คลิกไอคอนล็อคแล้วพิมพ์รหัสผ่านของคุณ จากนั้นคุณสามารถคลิกปุ่ม“ +” เพื่อเพิ่มแอพที่ติดตั้งไว้ในรายการนี้เพื่อให้สามารถเข้าถึงข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชันเช่นจดหมายข้อความประวัติคุกกี้และการสำรองข้อมูลของคุณ.

ไม่มีทางที่แอพจะขอการเข้าถึงข้อมูลนี้หรือประกาศว่าพวกเขาสามารถจัดการได้ คุณต้องไปที่บานหน้าต่างนี้และเพิ่มไปยังรายการด้วยตนเองหากพวกเขาต้องการการเข้าถึงนี้ ตัวอย่างเช่นคุณอาจต้องมาที่นี่และให้เครื่องมือระบบเข้าถึงข้อมูลแอปพลิเคชันของคุณหากพวกเขาต้องการทำงานกับโฟลเดอร์ที่ได้รับการป้องกันเหล่านี้.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

จะทำอย่างไรถ้าแอปผิดพลาดหรือไม่เห็นไฟล์

อาจมีปัญหาสองอย่างเกิดขึ้นหากแอปไม่มีสิทธิ์เข้าถึงทรัพยากรและคุณลองเข้าใช้งาน แอพอาจมีปัญหาเนื่องจาก macOS Mojave ยุติการพยายามทำสิ่งที่ไม่ได้รับอนุญาต.

ในกรณีอื่น ๆ macOS Mojave จะไม่ยอมให้แอปดูข้อมูล ตัวอย่างเช่นคุณอาจลองเปิดโฟลเดอร์ที่มีการป้องกันเท่านั้นเพื่อดูเนื้อหาในโฟลเดอร์นั้นว่างเปล่าและว่างเปล่า.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

หากแอปขัดข้องหรือไม่สามารถเข้าถึงข้อมูลได้ แต่ไม่แจ้งให้เข้าถึงให้ไปที่บานหน้าต่างความปลอดภัย & ความเป็นส่วนตัวของคุณและให้แอปเข้าถึงหมวดหมู่ข้อมูลหากเป็นไปได้.

หากคุณต้องการเข้าถึงไฟล์ในตำแหน่งที่ได้รับการป้องกันให้คัดลอกไปยังตำแหน่งที่ไม่ได้รับการป้องกัน ตัวอย่างเช่นหากคุณมีไฟล์แนบอีเมลที่คุณต้องการเปิดให้เข้าไปใน Mail และบันทึกไฟล์แนบไปยังโฟลเดอร์เช่นโฟลเดอร์เอกสารหรือเดสก์ท็อปของคุณซึ่งไม่ได้รับการป้องกัน หากคุณต้องการเข้าถึงภาพถ่ายในคลังภาพถ่ายของคุณให้ส่งออกสำเนาภาพถ่ายไปยังเอกสารหรือเดสก์ท็อปของคุณ.

หากแอปต้องการเข้าถึงข้อมูลประเภทหนึ่ง แต่คุณไม่สามารถให้สิทธิ์เข้าถึงข้อมูลนั้นได้ให้ติดต่อผู้พัฒนาแอปและแจ้งให้นักพัฒนาทราบถึงปัญหา นี่อาจเป็นปัญหาที่นักพัฒนาแอปจำเป็นต้องแก้ไข ปัญหาควรเกิดขึ้นน้อยลงเมื่อนักพัฒนาอัปเดตแอปของพวกเขาสำหรับโมฮาวี.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

ขอขอบคุณ บริษัท Eclectic Light Company ที่ให้ความสำคัญกับการปกป้องความเป็นส่วนตัวของ Mojave และสิ่งที่ผู้ใช้ Mac จะต้องรู้เกี่ยวกับมัน.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Apple đang bổ sung thêm các biện pháp bảo vệ quyền riêng tư trong macOS 10.14 Mojave. Các ứng dụng Mac phải yêu cầu sự cho phép trước khi truy cập dữ liệu như ảnh, email, webcam, micrô, lịch và danh bạ của bạn. Nếu một ứng dụng cố gắng truy cập các tài nguyên được bảo vệ mà không được phép, nó có thể bị sập.

Những gì bạn cần biết

macOS Mojave cung cấp bảo vệ bổ sung cho dữ liệu riêng tư của bạn. Trước đây, các ứng dụng chạy trên máy Mac của bạn có thể truy cập nhiều dữ liệu này mà không cần xin phép bạn. Giờ đây, để bảo vệ tốt hơn trước phần mềm độc hại hoặc ứng dụng lén lút xem dữ liệu của bạn mà không có sự cho phép của bạn, các ứng dụng phải yêu cầu quyền truy cập vào nhiều tài nguyên hơn.

Hệ thống cấp phép này tương tự như trên iPhone và iPad của Apple. Tuy nhiên, điều đó hơi khó hiểu vì Apple đã thiết kế hệ điều hành iOS cho thiết bị di động để xin quyền ngay từ ngày đầu. Về phía macOS, có một vũ trụ các ứng dụng Mac cũ không hiểu quyền. Các ứng dụng này cho rằng họ có quyền truy cập vào các tài nguyên này, điều này có thể gây ra sự cố.

Hầu hết thời gian, bạn thậm chí sẽ không nhận thấy hệ thống cấp phép mới này và bạn sẽ không cần phải suy nghĩ về nó. Mọi vấn đề sẽ trở nên hiếm hơn khi các nhà phát triển ứng dụng cập nhật ứng dụng của họ để hoạt động đúng với macOS Mojave. Nhưng bạn có thể gặp một số vấn đề về mọc răng khi chạy các ứng dụng cũ hơn.

Điều này hoạt động khác với quyền tập tin và thư mục tiêu chuẩn, vẫn hoạt động theo cách truyền thống. Ví dụ: nếu bạn đang chạy một ứng dụng từ tài khoản người dùng của mình, nó chỉ có thể truy cập các tệp mà tài khoản người dùng của bạn có quyền truy cập. Nhưng, với các quyền bổ sung này, ứng dụng đó sẽ không có quyền truy cập vào thư viện ảnh của bạn trừ khi bạn cho phép rõ ràng – mặc dù tài khoản người dùng của bạn có quyền truy cập vào thư viện ảnh của bạn. Đó là một lớp hạn chế bổ sung, chi tiết hơn.

Ứng dụng dữ liệu nào phải yêu cầu?

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Ứng dụng phải nhắc bạn cho phép trước khi truy cập dịch vụ định vị, danh bạ, lịch, lời nhắc và thư viện ảnh của bạn. Họ cũng phải được bạn cho phép trước khi truy cập máy ảnh, micrô hoặc các tính năng tự động hóa của máy Mac. Điều quan trọng, nhà phát triển ứng dụng phải khai báo các khả năng này như một phần của ứng dụng. Nói cách khác, nếu nhà phát triển ứng dụng chưa thiết kế ứng dụng để xin phép ảnh, bạn không thể cấp cho ứng dụng quyền truy cập vào thư viện ảnh của bạn.

Các ứng dụng thường không có quyền truy cập vào các loại dữ liệu ứng dụng đặc biệt, bao gồm mọi thứ trong ứng dụng Thư, tin nhắn, lịch sử duyệt Safari, cookie Safari, sao lưu Time Machine và sao lưu iTunes mà không có sự cho phép của bạn. Các loại dữ liệu ứng dụng đặc biệt này được bao gồm trong danh mục Dữ liệu ứng dụng của người dùng trong các cài đặt trên máy Mac của bạn. Bạn có thể cấp cho bất kỳ ứng dụng nào quyền truy cập vào dữ liệu ứng dụng đặc biệt này. Không có cách nào để các nhà phát triển ứng dụng yêu cầu quyền truy cập vào nó.

Khả năng truy cập của Tiếng Anh cho phép các ứng dụng điều khiển máy tính của bạn vẫn tồn tại.

Cách cấp cho ứng dụng quyền truy cập vào dữ liệu

Các ứng dụng được cho là nhắc bạn khi họ muốn truy cập thông tin cá nhân được bảo vệ, chẳng hạn như ảnh hoặc danh bạ của bạn. Bạn có thể thấy các thông báo nhắc nhở khi một ứng dụng muốn truy cập dữ liệu này. Chỉ cần đồng ý với lời nhắc để cấp cho ứng dụng quyền truy cập hoặc nhấp vào Không được phép cho phép Chặn để chặn ứng dụng.

Bạn cũng có thể định cấu hình các hạn chế này từ cửa sổ Tùy chọn hệ thống của máy Mac. Thực tế, bạn có thể phải sử dụng cửa sổ này nếu ứng dụng không nhắc truy cập. Bạn cũng có thể vào đây để thu hồi quyền mà bạn đã cấp hoặc cho phép trước đây bạn đã từ chối.

Để tìm các cài đặt này, nhấp vào menu Apple> Tùy chọn hệ thống> Bảo mật & quyền riêng tư> Quyền riêng tư.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Xem qua các danh mục ở đây để xem ứng dụng đã cài đặt nào có khả năng truy cập loại nội dung nào. Ví dụ: để xem ứng dụng nào có thể truy cập ảnh của bạn, hãy nhấp vào danh mục Ảnh chụp hình ảnh.

Bạn không thể cấp cho ứng dụng quyền truy cập vào dữ liệu này nếu nó không yêu cầu. Nếu bạn muốn cung cấp quyền truy cập ứng dụng đã cài đặt vào thư viện ảnh của mình nhưng nó không xuất hiện trong danh sách này và không yêu cầu quyền truy cập vào thư viện ảnh trong chính ứng dụng, không có cách nào để thêm nó. Nhà phát triển phải khai báo khả năng đó trong ứng dụng và phát hành bản cập nhật.

Tuy nhiên, bạn luôn có thể xuất ảnh từ thư viện của mình và lưu nó vào thư mục không được bảo vệ, như thư mục Tài liệu hoặc Máy tính để bàn, sau đó mở nó trong một ứng dụng khác.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Để chọn ứng dụng nào có thể truy cập các dữ liệu ứng dụng khác linh tinh, hãy nhấp vào danh mục Ứng dụng dữ liệu trực tuyến. Đầu tiên, nhấp vào biểu tượng khóa và nhập mật khẩu của bạn. Sau đó, bạn có thể nhấp vào nút Số + + để thêm bất kỳ ứng dụng đã cài đặt nào vào danh sách này, cho phép nó truy cập vào dữ liệu ứng dụng như thư, tin nhắn, lịch sử, cookie và bản sao lưu của bạn.

Không có cách nào để các ứng dụng yêu cầu quyền truy cập vào dữ liệu này hoặc tuyên bố họ có thể xử lý nó. Bạn phải vào ngăn này và thêm chúng vào danh sách theo cách thủ công nếu chúng cần quyền truy cập này. Ví dụ: bạn có thể cần phải đến đây và cấp cho các công cụ hệ thống quyền truy cập vào dữ liệu ứng dụng của bạn nếu chúng cần hoạt động với các thư mục được bảo vệ này.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Phải làm gì nếu ứng dụng gặp sự cố hoặc không thể xem tệp

Hai vấn đề có thể xảy ra nếu một ứng dụng không có quyền truy cập vào tài nguyên và bạn thử truy cập nó. Ứng dụng có thể đơn giản gặp sự cố, vì macOS Mojave chấm dứt ứng dụng vì đã cố gắng làm điều gì đó không được phép.

Trong các trường hợp khác, macOS Mojave sẽ không cho phép ứng dụng xem dữ liệu. Ví dụ: bạn chỉ có thể thử mở một thư mục được bảo vệ để xem nội dung của nó là trống và trống.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Nếu ứng dụng gặp sự cố hoặc không thể truy cập dữ liệu, nhưng không nhắc truy cập, hãy vào ngăn Bảo mật & Quyền riêng tư của bạn và cấp cho ứng dụng quyền truy cập vào danh mục dữ liệu, nếu có thể.

Nếu bạn cần truy cập một tệp trong một vị trí được bảo vệ, sao chép nó vào một vị trí không được bảo vệ. Ví dụ: nếu bạn có tệp đính kèm email bạn muốn mở, hãy truy cập Mail và lưu tệp đính kèm vào thư mục như thư mục Tài liệu hoặc Máy tính để bàn không được bảo vệ. Nếu bạn muốn truy cập ảnh trong thư viện ảnh của mình, hãy xuất một bản sao của ảnh vào Tài liệu hoặc Máy tính để bàn của bạn.

Nếu ứng dụng cần truy cập vào một loại dữ liệu, nhưng bạn không thể cấp cho nó quyền truy cập vào dữ liệu đó, hãy liên hệ với nhà phát triển ứng dụng và cho nhà phát triển biết vấn đề. Đây có thể là một vấn đề mà nhà phát triển ứng dụng cần khắc phục. Các vấn đề sẽ trở nên ít phổ biến hơn khi các nhà phát triển cập nhật ứng dụng của họ cho Mojave.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Cảm ơn Công ty Ánh sáng Eclectic đã chú ý đến sự bảo vệ quyền riêng tư của Mojave và những gì người dùng Mac sẽ cần biết về nó.

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Apple’s macOS 10.14 Mojave has big security and privacy updates: Here’s the list

Apple’s macOS 10.14 Mojave has big security and privacy updates: Here’s the list

Apple is beefing up efforts to protect their users from being tracked and hacked. Here’s how.

Security is a constant topic of conversation in the tech world and Apple made sure to address it at the Worldwide Developer Conference (WWDC) 2018 Monday, where company leaders announced a bevy of new protections for the latest version of its macOS operating system, 10.14 Mojave.

Mojave’s new security bonafides were on display during the WWDC keynote as they were described by Craig Federighi, Apple’s senior vice president of software engineering.

“There can be a lot of sensitive data on your devices and we think you should be in control of who sees it. We are adding greater protections on how apps can access that info,” Federighi said. “Today, Apple devices check in with you before granting access to information. In Mojave, we’re extending these protections to include your camera and your microphone as well as sensitive parts of your file system like your mail database, message history, and your backups–and all of this is protected by default on Mojave.”

SEE: Information security policy (Tech Pro Research)

Mojave comes equipped with a bunch of updates to Safari that attempt to curb tracking or “fingerprinting” that allows websites to create a fingerprint of your computer and track you across the web, Federighi said. With this Intelligent Tracking Prevention feature, the browser will also stop advertisements from having “like” or “share” buttons that Apple says tracks users without permission.

Safari will also take a bigger role in your password creation, creating and storing your strongest passwords at your request while stopping you from reusing poor ones.

“One of the reasons people choose Apple products is because of our commitment to security and privacy. We believe that your private data should remain private,” Federighi added.

Apple also announced that their much-publicized group FaceTime feature, which will now be able to handle a conversation among 32 different devices, will come with end-to-end encryption, as is currently standard for audio and video calls on Apple devices.

Mojave will also make sure to let you know when your microphone or camera is being accessed, Federighi said, and this protection will extend to most of the data on your computer.

Analysts and news outlets have highlighted Apple’s pointed use of Facebook during the conference and say some of the new security measures are aimed squarely at them. Facebook continues to accrue bad headlines for their security practices and failure to adequately notify their users about how their data is taken and used.

Apple CEO Tim Cook pulled no punches in a recent interview with CNN, repeating his criticism of websites that do not take privacy seriously and reminding customers of Apple’s duty to protect the information stored on devices they make.

“I think that the privacy thing has gotten totally out of control and I think most people are not aware of who is tracking them, how much they’re being tracked and the large amounts of detailed data that are out there about them…We think privacy is a fundamental human right,” Cook said in the CNN interview.

The new OS will launch this fall, with a beta version likely to open soon.

The big takeaways for tech leaders:

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Mac apps often request some kind of “permissions” during their installation. Since Apple expanded macOS Mojave’s Security and Privacy permissions, requests have only increased. What does this mean when an app wants “Accessibility permission?” Should you grant apps these permissions?

Accessibility

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

This permission is the most commonly requested, so our description starts here.

Also read: How to Make macOS Mojave’s Dark Mode Even Darker

Accessibility permissions give apps extremely broad access to your Mac. Apps with this permission can access the entire system and control other apps. It’s like Full Disk Access plus Automation.

This was created for apps that help people with disabilities. Soon, other apps started asking for the same access. Some developers treat it as a blanket permission. It means the app will always have the access it needs. The app might not even need broad access, but developers request it to keep macOS from obstructing their app.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Malware could exploit this access to log activity or inject attacks. That’s why Accessibility permissions require a special feature. The user must turn on an app’s Accessibility access manually in System Preferences.

Here are some examples of what apps do with their access:

  • TextExpander inserts text, images, and other content into any document.
  • Alfred allows clipboard monitoring, snippet expansion, and simulating key events.
  • BetterSnapTool moves and resizes application windows and reads window data.
  • Dropbox updates the Finder UI with badges and progress icons.

Location

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

This allows apps to request your current location. Because your Mac lacks a GPS chip, it accesses a database of Wi-Fi router locations. With this, Location Services grabs your location. Your IP address can also help estimate your location.

Camera and Microphone

These permissions are nearly the same. As the name says, they allow access to the FaceTime camera and microphone. System permissions, which also control file access, handle it. This prevents the application from accessing these resources unless explicitly permitted.

Photos

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Permits the application to access the Photos database. This is different than accessing the camera. It’s also not as broad as accessing all the photo files on your Mac. It only permits access to the Photos.app database. If you have photos stored outside the Photos.app database, the app will not get permission to access them with this setting.

Calendar, Reminders, and Contacts

Like Camera and Microphone, these permissions provide the same control mechanisms over different areas of your Mac.

  • Contacts permission includes any contact information stored in Contacts.app. Typically, messaging and email apps use this to access your contacts to send messages or identify senders.
  • Reminders allows access to the content of the Reminders app. This is used by ToDo apps and task managers to integrate with Apple’s default system.
  • Calendar permits access to the content of events in Calendar.app. Schedule apps use this to view and edit calendar events.

Pro Tip: The effect of these can be affected by selecting which accounts are able to share calendar, contact, and message data in “System Preferences -> Accounts.” If the data isn’t on your Mac, it can’t be shared with an application.

Also read: Creating and Using Quick Actions in macOS Mojave

Automation

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

This allows apps to control other apps. Normally, macOS “sandboxes” applications. This limits what the apps can touch. By default, apps can only access their own data. Automation lowers the sandbox walls slightly, permitting an app to change how other apps work. Automation permissions grant access to specific apps, not every app.

Full Disk Access

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

This permission allows apps to read, write, and modify files anywhere on your disk. Essentially, this permission provides arbitrary access to files throughout the system. It includes data in Mail, Messages, Time Machine backups, Home, and certain admin settings for all users on the Mac. This access is also included in the Accessibility permissions, so few apps request it.

Analytics

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Controls how much data an application sends “home” to its developers. This can include metadata, as well as your Mac’s hardware and software configuration, your location, and iCloud data. The permissions allow you to decide who can get the data.

Advertising

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Advertising, on the other hand, explicitly handles advertisements. There’s really just one setting here, which is “Limit Ad Tracking.” With this on, you opt out of targeted ads from Apple. As usual, you don’t get fewer ads, just generic ads.

Conclusion

Permissions allow you to control what happens on your Mac. By requiring a user okay before accessing sensitive data, macOS works with you to keep access limited. Carefully consider what you’re giving up before giving an application permissions on your Mac. You should only allow it with trusted apps.

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Ionut Ilascu
  • September 24, 2018
  • 11:19 AM
  • 0

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

A security researcher shows on Mojave’s release day that Apple’s latest privacy protection implementations in macOS are not sufficiently strong.

In a minute-long clip, Patrick Wardle shows that the security in the dark-themed macOS can be bypassed to reach sensitive user data, such as the information in the address book.

Faulty implementation of the new security mechanism

Talking to BleepingComputer, Wardle says that he was able to access the confidential user contacts via an unprivileged app, meaning that it did not run with administrator permissions.

He says that the zero-day vulnerability stems from the way Apple implemented the protections for various privacy-related data.

“I found a trivial, albeit 100% reliable flaw in their implementation,” he told us, adding that it allows a malicious or untrusted app to bypass the new security mechanism and access the sensitive details without authorization.

Wardle says that the bypass he found does not work with all of Mojave’s new privacy protection features, and hardware-based components like the webcam are unaffected.

The researcher said that he’s holding the technical details until his upcoming Mac Security conference that he’s organizing in Maui, Hawaii, in November.

In the demo video below, Wardle tries to copy the contents of the address book and denies the operation when the operating system asks for permission.

He then runs an unprivileged app that allows him to copy the address book data to the desktop and provides access to the few entries he added for demo purposes.

User data protection in macOS Mojave

As part of the new user data protections in macOS Mojave, users need to provide their consent explicitly for access to location services, contacts, calendars, reminders, photos, and other private information and files.

What this means is that applications can no longer do this automatically by simulating human input (aka synthetic clicks) using prescribed APIs. Any such access is now blocked in Apple’s latest OS, and an authorization prompt is triggered for direct user interaction.

To reduce the annoyance generated by the authorization prompts, Apple allows the user to pre-authorize the apps they want to allow access to the sensitive data.

This is possible by adding them to the system’s Application Data category in the System Preferences, Security & Privacy panel.

Patrick Wardle is an experienced macOS hacker that and creator of several free security tools for Mac. He discovered multiple security bugs in Apple’s operating system, the latest one found by accident and presented at the Def Con conference in August.

As well as many of the other features talked about during macOS Mojave’s release like dark mode and the addition of new apps like Home, another key feature of macOS Mojave seems to be it’s heightened focus on both privacy and security.

As quoted under the “Camera and Microphone Now Require Your Permission” section of this article:

Apple also announced that other categories of data, such as your Messages history and Mail database, will be protected in a similar manner to macOS Mojave’s new camera and microphone permissions.

I understand that after the update, when an app requests to use your camera or microphone, you will receive an alert like the one below:

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

However, I am more intrigued by the following:

. other categories of data, such as your Messages history and Mail database, will be protected in a similar manner.

I have been unable to find much information about this online and I do not currently have the pre-release version of macOS Mojave installed and am therefore unable to test this new feature but I am curious to know what exactly this feature will mean.

Has Apple publicly documented how this will work?

1 Answer 1

When an application attempts to access restricted directory the user will be prompted with a dialog box explaining the following information:

  • What Application
  • What the application is trying to access
  • Option to Allow or to Not Allow access

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Many applications will prompt for a folder or file selection. If you attempt to drag a folder from a restricted directory (from a normal finder window) into the choose a file dialog box, the folder will open as a blank folder with the prohibited folder icon. This will not produce a request permission dialog box.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

The exception to asking for access is Terminal. If certain Terminal commands attempts to access these directories they will be blocked automatically without a dialog box.

When attempting to use the zip command the directory is ziped up, recursively, until the blocked directory at which it will appear to be empty.

Screenshot taken of finder after unzipping (

/Desktop/imessage.zip) and opening. As you can see it is empty.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

If you would like to add exceptions to give certain apps unrestricted permissions this can be done in System Preferences.

  1. System Preferences>Security & Privacy>Privacy
  2. Unlock if needed
  3. Select type of permission
    • Location Services
    • Contacts
    • Calendars
    • Reminders
    • Photos
    • Camera
    • Microphone
    • Accessibility
    • Application Data (Includes Message data, Mail data, etc.)
    • Automation
    • Analytics
  4. Click the + icon
  5. Select your app
  6. Press Add

Note: The application will have to be restarted for changes to take effect.

Warning: Adding terminal will give all terminal commands access.

We spoke with Apple, and we have details.

Laura writes about e-commerce and Amazon, and she occasionally covers cool science topics. Previously, she broke down cybersecurity and privacy issues for CNET readers. Laura is based in Tacoma, Wash. and was into sourdough before the pandemic.

This story is part of WWDC 2022 , CNET’s complete coverage from and about Apple’s annual developers conference.

Apple wants to help all you Safari users block two major web-tracking tools, even though you may have never heard of them.

At its Worldwide Developers Conference earlier this week , Apple said it would help prevent shadowy web trackers from following you from website to website as you browse on Safari, the consumer electronics giant’s own web browser. It will also prevent them from tracking you between different browsing sessions, which they can do even when you’re using Safari’s private browsing mode.

If you’re asking yourself whether web-tracking tools can really do that, the answer is yeah, they can.

With Safari’s new tools, “it will be dramatically more difficult for data companies to identify and track you,” said Craig Federighi, Apple’s senior vice president of software engineering.

Apple’s Safari browser runs on iPhones, iPads and Macs.

Apple’s moves are happening against a broader backdrop of international conversations around privacy. The central questions are what the tech industry’s responsibility is to protect users’ information and how much we should reasonably expect companies to peer into our lives in order to show us a better ad.

Facebook brought many of these conversations front and center after it acknowledged in March that as many as 87 million user profiles had been leaked to a Trump campaign-connected political consulting group, Cambridge Analytica. Since then, it’s emerged that Facebook was also sharing data with phone makers, including China’s Huawei, which the US government considers a security threat .

Facebook isn’t the only one tracking your data, but along with Google, it’s the best-known company amassing huge amounts of your data for the purpose of targeting ads. What’s more, Its tracking tools can collect information about you, whether you have an account or not, about things you do outside of Facebook’s website and apps . That creates something privacy advocates call shadow profiles. That could be why Apple singled out the social networking giant on stage while demonstrating how its Safari browser will block common tracking techniques.

We spoke with Apple about these new tools and how they’ll work. Here’s what we learned.

Why now?

Apple’s stance on privacy has always been pretty aggressive. The company’s co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs said Apple takes privacy “extremely seriously.” Back in 2010, for example, he said Apple doesn’t even trust app developers to get it right, which is why the company asks iPhone owners for permission to access their location information.

“We do a lot of things like that to ensure what people understand these apps are doing,” Jobs said. “Privacy means people know what they’re signing up for in plain English and repeatedly.”

Safari was one of the first companies to block Flash by default, in part over security concerns, and the company last year rejected the ad industry’s efforts to fight its “intelligent tracking prevention” features.

Now it’s going a step further, sticking itself between users and two powerful forms of web tracking.

“Most people have no idea that this is happening,” said Serge Egelman, director of usable security and privacy research at the International Computer Science Institute. Apple’s new effort, he said, “gives users more control over how these companies collect information from them.”

Third-party cookies

Cookies can do a lot of good for you. They make online shopping easier, for instance, by letting you add things to a shopping cart while surfing around, streamlining the checkout process.

They can also be used by advertisers to track you across websites. Ever notice when a toy truck you looked at on Amazon suddenly shows up as an ad on Facebook? That’s thanks to cookies.

Apple isn’t a fan of all this. It thinks these kinds of cookies have a big impact on your privacy, and that’s why it’s come up with a way to give you more control.

That doesn’t just potentially stop obvious tracking like ads following you around. It also tackles a technique that tracks you when you go to outside websites that have a feature from a social network — such as a Facebook Like button or a comment box. As Federighi said on stage on Monday, those features can track you on websites whether you click on them or not.

With its update coming in the fall, Apple will stop that data collection from happening until you interact with the third party’s widget, like clicking on the Like button. Then Safari will ask whether you’re comfortable sharing information with a third party like Facebook.

ITP 2.0

The way Apple’s going to do all this is through a system called ITP 2.0, which stands for intelligent tracking protection service.

ITP 2.0 works in stages. First, Apple’s Safari browser will detect third-party cookies that track your activity when you visit a website. Then, when it does, the system will automatically limit information about your visit.

This system will work both for cookies from those Facebook comment fields and the ones that come from companies you’ve probably never heard of and that don’t come as part of a useful feature on a website. These are ad networks that use cookies to track browsing behavior and then place targeted advertisements on your screen.

Apple can do this because it sits between you and the website you’re visiting. To display a commenting feature from a third party, for example, the website maker has to talk with Apple’s Storage Access API, a software program that controls what information cookies can access. It can even delete them.

If you do want to comment on a website using your Facebook account, Safari asks to make sure you’re comfortable with it. What happens is that when you click on the comment field, a popup appears asking if you want to allow the cookies to potentially track you. Once you accept, Safari won’t bug you the next time you want to comment on that website.

An example of the prompt Safari will show you if you want to interact with part of a website that requires third-party cookies.

A company of Apple’s size making these moves can have a significant impact on the industry. Apple sold more than 215 million iPhones in 2017 alone. Starting in the fall, each of them will have this new feature through Apple’s free software updates.

Facebook declined to comment on its appearance in the Apple demo. For its part, Apple said that while it uses cookies, it doesn’t use them to track users’ web browsing data.

Apple is beefing up security in both iOS 12 and macOS Mojave, and in a yesterday’s Platforms State of the Union event for developers, Apple outlined a number of new protections that are coming to the Mac with Mojave.

First of all, Apple is extending privacy protections to the camera, microphone, and other sensitive user data that includes mail database, message history, Safari data, Time Machine backups, iTunes device backups, locations and routines, and system cookies.

In macOS Mojave, apps will need express user consent for all API and direct access to these resources, with users able to access their security preferences in the Security section of System Preferences.

How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

Your information, your image, your voice — they’re yours and yours alone to share with apps. macOS Mojave requires apps to get your approval before accessing the camera or microphone on your Mac. The same goes for data like your Messages history and Mail database.

For apps that are distributed outside of the Mac App Store and signed with a Developer ID, Apple is introducing a secondary “Notarize” review process that’s designed to detect malware faster and provide Apple with finer-grained revocation tools to revoke a specific bad release rather than a developer’s entire certificate.

Notarization will let macOS Mojave users know for sure that a third-party non-App Store Mac app has been double checked by Apple and that it’s free from malware. Eventually, Apple plans to require all Developer ID apps to be notarized before they can be installed, but Apple says this is not an app review process and is used exclusively to analyze apps for security purposes.

Apple is introducing enhanced runtime protections that will extend System Integrity Protection features to third-party apps, protecting them from code injection and other tampering.

As in iOS 12, macOS Mojave is gaining support for automatic strong passwords, with Safari automatically creating, autofilling, and storing passwords. Passwords on macOS Mojave will be flagged if they’ve been reused, making it easier for users to create unique passwords for each login.

Multiple anti-tracking and privacy improvements are coming to Safari to keep your browsing habits private. Right now, advertisers use browser and device characteristics to create a “fingerprint” for you to surreptitiously track you across the web.

Apple is aiming to put a stop to this by sharing only a simplified system profile when you browse the web, giving advertisers less of your data to work with. Improved Intelligent Tracking Prevention also prevents social media Like, Share, and Comment buttons and widgets from tracking you without your permission.

As we covered earlier, macOS Mojave will be the last version of macOS to support 32-bit apps, another move that Apple is making to keep its Mac operating system secure and up to date.

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  • Jun 5, 2018
  • #1
  • Apple is beefing up security in both iOS 12 and macOS Mojave, and in a yesterday’s Platforms State of the Union event for developers, Apple outlined a number of new protections that are coming to the Mac with Mojave.

    First of all, Apple is extending privacy protections to the camera, microphone, and other sensitive user data that includes mail database, message history, Safari data, Time Machine backups, iTunes device backups, locations and routines, and system cookies.

    In macOS Mojave, apps will need express user consent for all API and direct access to these resources, with users able to access their security preferences in the Security section of System Preferences.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    For apps that are distributed outside of the Mac App Store and signed with a Developer ID, Apple is introducing a secondary “Notarize” review process that’s designed to detect malware faster and provide Apple with finer-grained revocation tools to revoke a specific bad release rather than a developer’s entire certificate.

    Notarization will let macOS Mojave users know for sure that a third-party non-App Store Mac app has been double checked by Apple and that it’s free from malware. Eventually, Apple plans to require all Developer ID apps to be notarized before they can be installed, but Apple says this is not an app review process and is used exclusively to analyze apps for security purposes.

    Apple is introducing enhanced runtime protections that will extend System Integrity Protection features to third-party apps, protecting them from code injection and other tampering.

    As in iOS 12, macOS Mojave is gaining support for automatic strong passwords, with Safari automatically creating, autofilling, and storing passwords. Passwords on macOS Mojave will be flagged if they’ve been reused, making it easier for users to create unique passwords for each login.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    Multiple anti-tracking and privacy improvements are coming to Safari to keep your browsing habits private. Right now, advertisers use browser and device characteristics to create a “fingerprint” for you to surreptitiously track you across the web.

    Apple is aiming to put a stop to this by sharing only a simplified system profile when you browse the web, giving advertisers less of your data to work with. Improved Intelligent Tracking Prevention also prevents social media Like, Share, and Comment buttons and widgets from tracking you without your permission.

    As we covered earlier, macOS Mojave will be the last version of macOS to support 32-bit apps, another move that Apple is making to keep its Mac operating system secure and up to date.

    November 2, 2018

    By Jeff Johnson (Developer of StopTheMadness and Underpass)

    This is a follow-up to my earlier blog post Another hole in Mojave privacy protection. Three days ago macOS 10.14.1 was released, the first software update to Mojave. Apple published a support document about the security content of macOS 10.14.1 on the same day. As of today, the support document does not mention the privacy protection bypass that I discovered and alluded to in my blog post. Nonetheless, macOS 10.14.1 does appear to fix the main issue, although there remain other avenues for bypassing Mojave’s privacy protections under certain conditions. I’ll discuss everything I know here.

    The privacy protection bypass that I discovered is quite simple. It’s obvious that Apple exempted some of its own code from Mojave’s privacy protections; for example, you’re able to navigate protected folders in Finder without triggering permission dialogs. The key to finding a bypass, therefore, is to think of something that Apple forgot. It helps if you have many years of experience with Macs, as I do, and know where the bodies are buried, so to speak. The body in this case was Automator. Or more accurately, /usr/bin/automator . You can use /usr/bin/automator to run an Automator workflow from the command line. You can also use it to run an Automator workflow from a Cocoa app, as follows:

    Only a non-sandboxed app is allowed to do this, but Mojave privacy protections are supposed to apply regardless of sandboxing. Now we just need to produce a “maliciously crafted” Automator workflow. This is trivial:

    1. Create a new workflow in Automator
    2. Get Specified Finder Items
    3. Add

    /Library/Application Support/AddressBook

  • Copy Finder Items
  • To:

    /Desktop

  • Save
  • The Desktop is not protected by Mojave, and it’s accessible to a non-sandboxed app, so if this workflow works, then the Contacts protection is completely bypassed. On macOS 10.14.0 and earlier, it does work. A newly downloaded and opened app with no special permissions is able to run the workflow successfully without triggering any permission dialog. Game over. On macOS 10.14.1, in contrast, running the workflow triggers a permission dialog for the app, as expected. Thus, as far as I can tell, this particular hole has been filled.

    Privacy Reset

    Speaking of command-line tools, another interesting one on Mojave is /usr/bin/tccutil . You can use this tool to reset the privacy permissions for a single app, for a whole service, or nuke everything from orbit. After reset, the permissions that were already granted or declined by clicking dialogs are revoked, and a new dialog will be presented the next time an app needs permission. It turns out that you can also call /usr/bin/tccutil from a Cocoa app using NSTask , as above. An app can reset its own permissions, and this still works on macOS 10.14.1.

    A malicious app could exploit the ability to reset privacy permissions by continually presenting permission dialogs to a user until the user loses patience and gives in, granting permission. In other words, the app tries to access a protected resource, Mojave presents a dialog, the user declines, the app checks whether it has access to the resource, and if not, reset the privacy database, try again, as many times as necessary. (Note also that an app can easily disable the Quit menu item, preventing a user from quitting an app to stop the stream of dialogs.

    Terminal Illness

    Another possible way to bypass Mojave privacy protections is to “piggyback” on another app. Even if a malicious app is unable to obtain special permission itself, the app can use another app that has already been granted permission, such as Terminal app. Suppose for example that the user has granted Terminal permission to access

    /Library/Application Support/AddressBook . Then a maliciously crafted app can make Terminal run a shell script to do the dirty work for it:

    This still works on macOS 10.14.1, though of course it all depends on the user having already granted permission to Terminal.

    Don’t Panic

    I’ll repeat the message from my previous blog post: Don’t panic. Mojave privacy protection is a new feature in macOS 10.14. Any weakness in the privacy protection is simply a flaw in the new feature. You’re as safe on Mojave as you were on High Sierra, which did not have this feature at all. You just might not be safer on Mojave than you were on High Sierra.

    В панели «Конфиденциальность» в разделе Системных настроек «Защита и безопасность» можно управлять информацией, которую Ваш Mac делает доступной другим пользователям через интернет или локальную сеть.

    Чтобы изменить эти настройки на Mac, выберите пункт меню Apple

    > «Системные настройки», нажмите «Защита и безопасность» , затем нажмите «Конфиденциальность».

    Примечание. Если в левом нижнем углу панели отображается закрытый замок , нажмите его, чтобы разблокировать панель настроек.

    Вы можете разрешить приложениям, системным службам и веб-сайтам собирать и использовать информацию с учетом текущего местонахождения Вашего компьютера Mac, чтобы обеспечивать работу различных геолокационных служб.

    Чтобы посмотреть, какие именно системные службы используют информацию о Вашем местоположении, нажмите кнопку «Подробнее» в нижней части списка справа. Чтобы функции Предложения Siri и Предложения Safari могли использовать сведения о местонахождении Вашего Mac, установите флажок «Геолокационные предложения».

    Приложения могут получать доступ к Вашим контактам. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к Вашим календарям. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к Вашим напоминаниям. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к Вашим фото. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Примечание. Если некоторые объекты хранятся за пределами Медиатеки Фото, другие приложения могут иметь к ним доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к камере на Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к микрофону на Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к распознаванию речи на Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения смогут запускать скрипты или системные команды для управления Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Чтобы добавить приложение, нажмите кнопку «Добавить» , выберите приложение в списке, затем нажмите «Открыть».

    Приложения могут отслеживать ввод с клавиатуры, мыши и трекпада, даже когда используются другие приложения. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Чтобы добавить приложение, нажмите кнопку «Добавить» , выберите приложение в списке, затем нажмите «Открыть».

    Полный доступ к диску

    Приложения могут получать доступ ко всем файлам на Вашем компьютере, в том числе к данным других приложений (таких как Почта, Сообщения, Safari и Дом), данным из резервных копий Time Machine и определенным административным настройкам для всех пользователей Вашего Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Чтобы добавить приложение, нажмите кнопку «Добавить» , выберите приложение в списке, затем нажмите «Открыть».

    Приложения могут получать доступ к файлам и папкам где угодно на Вашем Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения смогут записывать Ваш экран. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Чтобы добавить приложение, нажмите кнопку «Добавить» , выберите приложение в списке, затем нажмите «Открыть».

    Медиа и Apple Music

    Приложения смогут получать доступ к Apple Music, к Вашим действиям с музыкой и видео, а также к Вашей медиатеке на этом компьютере Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут получать доступ к данным Вашего дома на этом Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Приложения могут использовать Bluetooth на этом Mac. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Чтобы добавить приложение, нажмите кнопку «Добавить» , выберите приложение в списке, затем нажмите «Открыть».

    Приложения могут получать доступ к другим приложениям на Вашем Mac и управлять ими. В списке отобразятся приложения, запросившие доступ.

    Аналитика и улучшения

    Аналитические данные могут автоматически передаваться в Apple и разработчикам приложений, чтобы они могли повышать качество своей работы и продуктов.

    Делиться Аналитикой Mac. Диагностическая информация и сведения об использовании устройства будут передаваться в Apple.

    Улучшить Siri и Диктовку. Вы можете разрешить компании Apple хранить и анализировать аудиоданные Вашего взаимодействия с Siri и диктовкой.

    Делиться с разработчиками. Вы можете разрешить компании Apple делиться с разработчиками данными об использовании и о ситуациях, когда приложение перестает отвечать.

    Делиться Аналитикой iCloud. Вы можете делиться с Apple аналитическими данными и сведениями о том, как Вы используете iCloud.

    Реклама от Apple

    Иногда в приложениях Apple News, Акции и Mac App Store Вы можете получать рекламные объявления на основе Ваших интересов. Чтобы понять, почему Вам было показано то или иное рекламное объявление, нажмите кнопку «Реклама» на объявлении. Вы можете отключить персонализированные объявления, чтобы компания Apple не использовала Вашу информацию для адресного показа рекламы. Общее количество получаемых объявлений может не уменьшиться, но объявления могут стать менее релевантными для Вас.

    Чтобы отключить персонализированные объявления, выберите «Системные настройки» > «Защита и безопасность» > «Конфиденциальность», выберите «Реклама от Apple» и снимите флажок «Персонализированные объявления».

    Чтобы просмотреть политику в отношении рекламы и конфиденциальности Apple, нажмите «Реклама и конфиденциальность».

    Подробнее о конфиденциальности в macOS см. в разделе Сохранение конфиденциальности.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    A security researcher has discovered “a new hole” in macOS Mojave’s privacy protections. The vulnerability exists in every version of Mojave, including macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Supplemental Update which was released on February 7.

    The privacy hole was discovered by an application developer Jeff Johnson on February 8. The status of the vulnerability is currently unpatched. All versions of macOS Mojave are affected, even the most recent one released on February 7 – Mojave 10.14.3 Supplemental update.

    MacOS Mojave Privacy Vulnerability Technical Resume

    Shortly said, the latest version of macOS Mojave has a bug that could allow a malicious app to access data stored in restricted folders. These folders cannot be accessed by every app, Mojave provides special access to this folder for only a selected number of apps, such as Finder.

    On Mojave, certain folders have restricted access that is forbidden by default. For example,

    /Library/Safari”, the researcher explained. In Terminal app, users are not even able to list the contents of that folder:

    $ ls Library/Safari
    ls: Safari: Operation not permitted
    $ sudo ls Library/Safari
    Password:
    ls: Safari: Operation not permitted

    The researcher discovered a way to bypass the protections in Mojave and allow apps to look inside

    /Library/Safari without acquiring any permission from the system or from the user. Since there are no permission dialogues, a malicious app could secretly violate the user’s privacy by going through their web browsing history.

    It should be noted Johnson’s bypass works with the “hardened runtime” enabled.

    Thus, an app with the ability to spy on Safari could be “notarized” by Apple (as long as it passed their automated malware checks, which I suspect would be no problem). My bypass does not work with sandboxed apps, as far as I can tell, Johnson wrote.

    It is curious to note that security researcher Patrick Wardle disclosed a similar [wplinkpreview url=”https://sensorstechforum.com/macos-mojave-privacy-feature-bypas-bug/”]privacy bypass in Mojave hours before the version was released.

    The researcher showed the privacy feature bypass in a video shared on Twitter. The researcher showed how macOS at first was rejecting access to his stored contacts. However, after running an unprivileged script that mimicked a malicious app, the system copied all of his contacts to the desktop.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    Milena Dimitrova

    An inspired writer and content manager who has been with SensorsTechForum since the project started. A professional with 10+ years of experience in creating engaging content. Focused on user privacy and malware development, she strongly believes in a world where cybersecurity plays a central role. If common sense makes no sense, she will be there to take notes. Those notes may later turn into articles! Follow Milena @Milenyim

    Follow Me:

    Ranking macOS Mojave antivirus tools for performance, protection and usability.

    Senior Editor, CSO |

    The AV-TEST Institute, a Germany-based independent service provider of IT security and antivirus research, recently tested the six popular, business-focused macOS Mojave 10.14.3 client endpoint protection products on three primary criteria:

    • Protection: Detection of 557 samples of widespread and prevalent malware discovered in the last four months.
    • Performance: The average influence the product had on computer speed when downloading and installing frequently used applications, launching standard software applications, and copying files locally and over a network.
    • Usability: The number of false detections of legitimate software as malware and false warnings given while installing and using legitimate software.

    [ Next-generation endpoint security tools are ready to replace antivirus. | Get the latest from CSO by signing up for our newsletters. ]

    Each product could earn up to six points in each area with a best possible total score of 18. Only one product achieved that score: Sophos Endpoint. Three others—Bitdefender Endpoint Security, Eset Endpoint Security and F-Secure CP and RDR for Mac 17.5—just missed perfect scores by a half point.

    These top antivirus offerings for macOS Mojave are listed below in alphabetical order. The table lists them in ranked order. You can drill down on the full results at The AV-TEST Institute’s website.

    How to use these antivirus test results

    Keep in mind that these tests were done in a lab environment. Different enterprise systems with different threat models will see different results for each of the products listed below. In other words, don’t expect that a 100% detection rate in the lab means that a product will detect all antivirus threats on your network. One reason is that it can take days for a newly submitted malware sample to make it into any given antivirus product’s database.

    What the AV-TEST results show is which macOS endpoint protection products are consistently the best at the fundamentals of malware detection and have minimal impact on system performance. That makes a good starting point as you evaluate which products work best for your environment.

    Best macOS Mojave antivirus tools

    1. Bitdefender Endpoint Security 4.5

    Bitdefender Endpoint Security scored perfectly for protection and usability. It detect all sample malware, and have no false warnings or detections. Performance was a mixed bag. While it exceeded industry averages for most tests, it had significantly higher impact on application download speeds, imposing a 31% slowdown versus an industry average of 7%. That cost it a half point in the performance rating.

    2. CrowdStrike Falcon 4.25

    Despite having the coolest name of the group, CrowdStrike Falcon had one of lowest scores (5) for performance. It detected every malware sample and gave no false warnings or detections, but its impact on installation of frequently used applications was more than three times the industry average (62% versus 18%). It did perform better than industry average in the other performance tests.

    3. Ensil Endpoint Security Platform 3.1

    Ensil Endpoint Security Platform had a perfect protection score but fell down hard on one performance test. It slowed the launch of standard software applications by a whopping 192% versus an industry average of 48%. That cost the product two points on its performance rating. It lost a half point on usability by issuing one false warning.

    4. Eset Endpoint Security 6.7

    Despite losing a half-point on performance, Eset Endpoint Security wasn’t far off from the industry average on most tests. In fact, its impact on launching standard software applications was less than half the industry average. It had perfect scores for protection and usability.

    5. F-Secure CP and RDR for Mac 17.5

    The only blemish for F-Secure CP and RDR for Mac was a single false malware detection. It was one of the top performers, exceeding the industry average significantly in most categories. For example, it imposed only a 19% slowdown launching standard software applications versus a 48% industry average, and a 3% slowdown when installing frequently used applications versus an 18% industry average.

    6. Sophos Endpoint 9.8

    Sophos Endpoint was the only product of those tested that had perfect scores in all three categories. It matched or exceeded F-Secure in each performance test and detected all the malware samples. It gave no false warnings or detections.

    More on antivirus and antimalware

    Michael Nadeau is a senior editor with CSO Online. He has been a publisher and editor of magazines, books, and knowledgebases that help companies get the most from their ERP systems.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    A security researcher demonstrated on Mojave’s release day some potential flaws in Apple’s latest privacy protection. Patrick Wardle showed how the security in the dark-themed macOS could be bypassed to reach sensitive user data, such as the information in the address book.

    Talking to BleepingComputer, Wardle says that he was able to access the confidential user contacts via an unprivileged app, meaning that it did not run with administrator permissions. Wardle states that the zero-day exploit stems from the way Apple implemented the protections for various privacy-related data.

    He further stated that the exploit allows a malicious or untrusted app to bypass the new security mechanism and access the sensitive details without authorization. The bypass he found does not work with all of Mojave’s new privacy protection features, and hardware-based components such as the webcam are unaffected.

    Warble is holding the technical details until his upcoming Mac Security conference Maui, Hawaii, in November. In a demo video, Wardle tries to copy the contents of the address book and denies the operation when the operating system asks for permission. He then runs an unprivileged app that allows him to copy the address book data to the desktop and reveals its contents.

    As part of the new user data protections in macOS Mojave, users need to provide their consent manually for access to location services, contacts, calendars, reminders, photos, and other private information and files. Hence, applications can no longer do this automatically as access is now blocked, and an authorization prompt is triggered for direct user interaction.

    Apple allows the user to pre-authorize the apps they want to allow access to the sensitive data which can be added to the system’s Application Data category in the System Preferences, Security & Privacy panel. Wardle is a seasoned macOS veteran and is responsible for several Mac-centric security products. Hopefully, Apple should address the issue and patches it in the near future.

    See what changes are headed to your Mac.

    Matt Elliott, a technology writer for more than a decade, is a PC tester and Mac user based in New Hampshire.

    This story is part of WWDC 2022 , CNET’s complete coverage from and about Apple’s annual developers conference.

    At WWDC 2018, Apple took the name for its Mac operating system down from Northern California’s majestic mountains and moved southward to the Golden State’s famed desert. After a run of mountain themes — Yosemite, El Capitan, Sierra and High Sierra — Apple has named the next version of MacOS (version 10.14) after California’s Mojave Desert.

    MacOS Mojave is available now as a public beta and will be officially released as a free update this fall. It’ll introduce a number of new features, from a dark mode and desktop Stacks to a new Finder view and a few familiar faces from iOS. You’ll also find four familiar iOS apps on your Mac after updating to Mojave, along with some added privacy features to protect you from Facebook and other advertisers.

    Here’s everything you need to know about MacOS Mojave. Be sure to check back here regularly; we’ll update this article as we track Mojave from its public beta stages to its official release this fall.

    Beta user’s guide to MacOS Mojave

    • Hands on with MacOS Mojave beta
    • Is your Mac compatible with Mojave?
    • How to install MacOS Mojave
    • MacOS Mojave beta broke Chrome’s checkboxes. Here are two ways to bring them back
    • MacOS Mojave moved System Updates: Here’s where to find them
    • MacOS Mojave shows recent apps in the Dock. Here’s how to hide them

    Who needs the beta?

    • Get the MacOS Mojave and iOS 12 wallpapers right now (or all of them )
    • Get MacOS Mojave’s awesome Dynamic desktop wallpaper without Mojave

    MacOS Mojave’s new features

    • The 12 best features of MacOS Mojave
    • How to use Stacks in MacOS Mojave
    • Dark mode in MacOS Mojave: How it works and what it does
    • 3 ways MacOS Mojave improves Finder
    • How to use Continuity Camera in MacOS Mojave
    • How to take screenshots in MacOS Mojave
    • How to create custom Quick Actions in MacOS Mojave
    • Stop apps from accessing your Mac’s camera and microphone
    • Apple brings iOS apps into Mac, but won’t merge platforms
    • Control your smart home from your Mac
    • Hurray for Safari favicons! (And how to enable them )
    • Apple delays group FaceTime chats

    Mojave’s security and privacy improvements

    • MacOS Mojave and iOS 12 crack down on nosy websites
    • Stop apps from accessing your Mac’s camera and microphone with MacOS Mojave

    Videos from WWDC 2018: Watch Mojave get introduced

    • Changing desert light: Mojave has a dark mode
    • Mojave can organize your cluttered desktop into tidy Stacks
    • Mojave will make your Mac more secure
    • Mac App Store gets a makeover

    Originally published on June 14, 2018.
    Update, Aug. 20: Added new tips and links.

    macOS Mojave 10.14 is an excellent upgrade, with dozens of new conveniences for managing documents and media files, iOS-style apps for Stocks, News, and Voice Memos, and increased security and privacy protections.

    Is it worth updating to Mojave?

    Most Mac users should upgrade to the all-new Mojave macOS because its stable, powerful, and free. Apple’s macOS 10.14 Mojave is available now, and after months of using it, I think most Mac users should upgrade if they can.

    Is macOS Mojave good in 2021?

    In keeping with Apple’s release cycle, we anticipate, macOS 10.14 Mojave will no longer receive security updates starting in November 2021. As a result, we are phasing out software support for all computers running macOS 10.14 Mojave and will end support on November 30, 2021.

    Is Mojave good for Macbook Pro?

    macOS Mojave is available on Macs as old as 2012, but it’s not available to all Macs that could run macOS High Sierra. There are performance improvements, new apps, security upgrades and loads of new features as part of this upgrade.

    Will Mojave ruin my Mac?

    Answer: A: Answer: A: Yes, you can lower down the os by going to internet recovery or you can create a bootable installer. If ever, there is a possibility that if software troubleshooting doesn’t work, there is a high chance that the iMac already have a hardware issue prior to the upgrade.

    Is Mojave better than High Sierra?

    If you’re a fan of dark mode, then you may well want to upgrade to Mojave. If you’re an iPhone or iPad user, then you may want to consider Mojave for the increased compatibility with iOS. If you plan to run a lot of older programs that don’t have 64-bit versions, then High Sierra is probably the right choice.

    Is macOS Catalina better than Mojave?

    Clearly, macOS Catalina beefs up the functionality and security base on your Mac. But if you can’t put up with the new shape of iTunes and the death of 32-bit apps, you might consider staying with Mojave. Still, we recommend giving Catalina a try.

    What is the oldest Mac that can run Mojave?

    These Mac models are compatible with macOS Mojave:

    • MacBook (Early 2015 or newer)
    • MacBook Air (Mid 2012 or newer)
    • MacBook Pro (Mid 2012 or newer)
    • Mac mini (Late 2012 or newer)
    • iMac (Late 2012 or newer)
    • iMac Pro (2017)
    • Mac Pro (Late 2013; Mid 2010 and Mid 2012 models with recommended Metal-capable graphics cards)

    Does Mojave still get security updates?

    Catalina and Mojave have received security patches as well, for those who haven’t yet updated to Big Sur. Aside from security updates, one of the biggest new improvements in 11.3 (at least for owners of M1 Macs) is the ability to resize iPhone and iPad app windows.

    Which Mac OS should I upgrade to?

    Upgrade from macOS 10.11 or newer

    If you are running macOS 10.11 or newer, you should be able to upgrade to at least macOS 10.15 Catalina. To see if your computer can run macOS 11 Big Sure, check Apple’s compatibility info and installation instructions.

    How long does it take to install Mac Mojave?

    The macOS Mojave installation should take about 30 to 40 minutes if everything works right. This includes a speedy download and a simple install with no issues or errors.

    What do I need to know before upgrading to Mojave?

    here are five things you must do before you upgrade so that you ensure you keep your most precious memories and documents safe.

    • Clean Up Your Mac. …
    • Back Up Your Computer. …
    • Make sure the apps you use are compatible. …
    • Know Your Passwords. …
    • Use Disk Utility to scan your hard drive to see if it has any issues.

    Should I upgrade from Mojave to Sierra?

    If you’re a fan of dark mode, then you may well want to upgrade to Mojave. If you’re an iPhone or iPad user, then you may want to consider Mojave for the increased compatibility with iOS. If you plan to run a lot of older programs that don’t have 64-bit versions, then High Sierra is probably the right choice.

    Posted on November 9th, 2018 by Kirk McElhearn

    macOS Mojave doesn’t have a lot of visible new features, aside from the new dark mode, but under the hood there are plenty of changes to make the operating system faster, more stable, and more secure. In this article, I’m going to discuss some of the new security features that make Mojave easier to use safer and securely.

    Passwords

    As in iOS 12 – read this article about the new security features in Apple’s mobile operating system – macOS Mojave brings a number of new features around passwords that will help make your computing more secure. Together with the keychain, which stores your passwords and which can sync them with your other Apple devices using iCloud Keychain, Safari now suggests and stores strong passwords when you create an account on a website.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    If you have had a tendency to reuse passwords in the past – this isn’t a good idea – you can check Safari’s preferences. Click the Passwords icon in the toolbar and you’ll see a yellow alert icon where you’ve used the same password more than once.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    Be aware that these alerts don’t always indicate a problem. You may have a password stored for signup.website.com, login.website.com, and website.com because of the way you have had to navigate certain sites. If that’s the case, don’t worry about the alerts.

    If you use two-factor authentication on websites, Safari will now automatically insert the codes you receive by SMS into the appropriate fields, as it can do on iOS 12. This works with apps that have been updated to support the feature.

    New permissions

    As we discussed in this article, you’ll be seeing a lot of dialogs asking for your permission. While not new, these alerts are now displayed for more situations when software wants to control your computer in some way. You’ll also get specific alerts when an app wants to access the camera or microphone as has been the case in iOS for many years.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    In addition, the T2 chip in the new MacBook Air and the MacBook Pro with touch bar disables the microphone on the MacBook Air when its lid is closed. This chip is also in the iMac Pro and the recently updated Mac mini, and is used for other security features such as biometrics (Touch ID).

    Privacy protection

    Safari now limits how websites can fingerprint and track your activity. Fingerprinting is when a website creates a profile about you which is generally shared with advertisers. Safari’s Intelligent Tracking Protection, also included in iOS 12, prevents a lot of this, limiting the ability of advertisers to display targeted ads when you visit websites. Safari has also enhanced its tracking protection so websites and cookies can’t follow you around as you surf the web, especially when they come along with like buttons, share buttons and comment forms.

    These are the most obvious new security and privacy features in macOS Mojave. There are others under the hood that ensure that the apps you use are from legitimate developers, and Apple has planted the seeds of an even more reinforced approach to validating apps that may become obligatory on the future. (They call this new review process “notarization.”)

    If you haven’t updated to macOS Mojave and your Mac is compatible, you should do so now. These new security features make your computing safer.

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    PrivacyScan 1.9.5 adds support for macOS Mojave, Apple’s most recent release of their flagship operating system. While Apple continues to enhance digital security for improved user protection, SecureMac has ensured uninterrupted privacy protections via their robust tool for cleaning up what web browsing leaves behind. With just a few clicks, it’s easy to completely eliminate a user’s browsing history, cumbersome cache files, and tracking cookies – even the stubborn ones that advertisers do their best to disguise.

    LAS VEGAS (PRWEB) December 04, 2018

    How many companies are tracking where you go online right now? Answering that question isn’t easy, but one thing is sure: it’s not a small number, and it’s growing! From third-party advertisers to social media giants, tracking users is common-place across the web.

    With headlines about major security breaches and privacy failures appearing with increasing frequency, Mac users can be left wondering: what can I do about this? It starts with protecting one’s private browsing data and eliminating troublesome tracking cookies. To help users get that start, SecureMac has released to the public the latest edition of their powerful PrivacyScan, version 1.9.5.

    PrivacyScan 1.9.5 adds support for macOS Mojave, Apple’s most recent release of their flagship operating system. While Apple continues to enhance digital security for improved user protection, SecureMac has ensured uninterrupted privacy protections via their robust tool for cleaning up what web browsing leaves behind. With just a few clicks, it’s easy to completely eliminate a user’s browsing history, cumbersome cache files, and tracking cookies – even the stubborn ones that advertisers do their best to disguise.

    Not only does PrivacyScan eliminate any trace of these cookies, but users will also enjoy faster, more responsive browsing afterward. By ditching the dead weight that accumulates in the cache, users not only gain added privacy, but a more convenient everyday experience too. Responsive and simple to use, running PrivacyScan as part of a user’s daily routine can provide peace of mind in an increasingly concerning digital environment.

    Also, in support for Mojave, PrivacyScan 1.9.5 also includes a fresh slate of bug fixes, plus updated support for all the most popular browsers on macOS. Users of the latest versions of Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Apple Safari can now tap into PrivacyScan’s deep cleaning capabilities, scrubbing private browsing data and purging unwanted tracking cookies with ease. With the ability to quickly clean up after surfing the web, users can trust that they’re never leaving private information up for grabs.

    Apple has released macOS Mojave, which comes with a new Dark Mode, a redesigned Mac App Store, and many new and modified features. It also sports changes aimed at enhancing users’ privacy and security.

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    Improvements in Safari

    Some of these have been already unveiled as they are included in Safari 12, which was released only a week ago.

    The browser now comes with a new Passwords section in the browser’s Preferences, which flags password reuse (but just for passwords they’ve saved within the browser):

    How macos mojave’s privacy protection works

    Safari 12 also has improved Intelligent Tracking Prevention (Andrew Cunningham offers more details about the changes) and fingerprint protection: Safari now “sends out” a simplified version of the system configuration and shows no custom-installed fonts, all with the goal of making the system and browser less unique so that advertisers can’t “fingerprint” users easily while they are browsing the Web.

    Apple is also removing support for legacy NPAPI plugins and the HTML/CSS/JavaScript Safari Extensions API and is pushing developers to distribute their apps from the Safari Extensions Gallery in the Mac App Store.

    Similarly to the newest iOS 12, macOS Mojave will allow users to fill in security codes received via iPhone with a single click, but that’s only if they have configured their phone to forward text messages to their Mac. This feature works for Safari and will work for other apps (when updated for Mojave).

    OS-based security changes

    Apple has introduced changes is MacOS’ Gatekeeper, which enforces code signing and verifies downloaded applications before allowing them to run, and System Integrity Protection (SIP), which protects system-owned files and directories against modifications by malware.

    As detailed by Cunningham, in Mojave, Gatekeeper:

    • Allows users to control which apps can access Location Services, Contacts, Calendars, Reminders, Photos, Mail, Messages, Safari browsing data, HTTP cookies, call history, iTunes device backups, Time Machine backups, the computer’s webcam and microphone.
    • Puts limits of how apps can interact with other apps.

    System Integrity Protection has been updated to keep an eye system processes and to kill those that attempt to execute code that is not signed by Apple.

    A new Automatic Strong Passwords feature will allow Mojave to create and suggest strong passwords every time the user is creating a new account or changing a password on an old one. It will work for Safari and apps.

    Security updates and new zero-day

    Mojave comes with fixes for a number of security holes, including:

    • An App Store permissions issue that may allow a malicious application to determine the Apple ID of the owner of the computer,
    • A validation issue in the entitlement verification that may allow a malicious application to access local users AppleIDs, and
    • A configuration issue that may allow a sandboxed process to circumvent sandbox restrictions.

    On the same day the new OS was released, Patrick Wardle revealed the existence of a zero-day vulnerability that could allow a malicious app to bypass the operating system’s privacy controls and copy the contents of the user’s address book.

    He demonstrated the exploit in a video, but refrained from publishing more details.