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How secure is the windows clipboard

Akemi Iwaya has been part of the How-To Geek/LifeSavvy Media team since 2009. She has previously written under the pen name “Asian Angel” and was a Lifehacker intern before joining How-To Geek/LifeSavvy Media. She has been quoted as an authoritative source by ZDNet Worldwide. Read more.

How secure is the windows clipboard

It is always a good idea to be concerned about the security of your data, especially when it comes to your login credentials for websites. With that in mind, just how secure is the Windows Clipboard? Today’s SuperUser Q&A post has the answer to a worried reader’s question.

Today’s Question & Answer session comes to us courtesy of SuperUser—a subdivision of Stack Exchange, a community-driven grouping of Q&A web sites.

The Question

SuperUser reader minerz029 wants to know how secure the Windows Clipboard is:

I have been using the Windows Clipboard as a method of transferring passwords from LastPass to desktop applications, but have been wondering exactly how secure it is? Can any program access the clipboard at any time?

How secure is the Windows Clipboard?

The Answer

SuperUser contributor Keltari has the answer for us:

It is not secure. See the response regarding this topic from security.stackechange.com shared below:

The Windows clipboard is not secure. This is a quote from an MSDN article:

  • The Clipboard can be used to store data, such as text and images. Because the Clipboard is shared by all active processes, it can be used to transfer data between them.

This should probably apply to Linux machines as well.

Is this a concern? No. For someone to exploit this, they would have had to place malware on your computer capable of reading data from the Windows Clipboard. If they have the ability to place malware on your computer, then you have much bigger things to worry about since there are plenty of other things they can do (such as installing keyloggers, etc.).

Have something to add to the explanation? Sound off in the comments. Want to read more answers from other tech-savvy Stack Exchange users? Check out the full discussion thread here.

I’ve been using the Windows clipboard as a method of getting passwords from Lastpass into desktop applications.

I’ve been wondering exactly how secure is this? Can’t any program access the clipboard at any time?

3 Answers 3

It is not secure.

See this question & answer on Security.stackechange.com, quoted below:

The Windows clipboard is not secure.

This is a quote from a MSDN article.

The Clipboard can be used to store data, such as text and images. Because the Clipboard is shared by all active processes, it can be used to transfer data between them.

This should probably apply to Linux machines as well.

Is this a concern? No. For someone to exploit this, he would have to have malware on your machine capable of reading data from the clipboard. If he has the capability of getting malware on your machine, you have much bigger things to worry about as there are plenty of other stuff he can do, including keyloggers and the like.

Just bear in mind that it’s not only the applications that may have access to the clipboard and it’s not only malware that actually might want to get it.

There are also users that may accidentally or on purpose reveal the content of the clipboard after getting physical access to the computer. Of course, then they can do a lot of harm anyway, but getting the actual password (and not just access to websites/programs) is hard (unless you have it in the clipboard. )

So either make sure the clipboard is cleaned (and this is not 100% reliable as some applications again allow to retrieve old clipboard values) or use some kind of encryption (this is not trivial, but even easy one will protect from accidental password leak)

CTRL C and then CTRL V .

(For the Mac users: COMMAND+C and then COMMAND+V .)

Familiar? That’s how you copy and paste on a keyboard.

For your touchscreen device it’s as simple as highlighting the text with your finger and tapping “Copy.”

The copy and paste function across desktops and other devices such as your smartphone is incredibly useful. I use mine all the time. I’m willing to bet that you do too.

The function itself is simple. You highlight text and tell the machine to remember it. The machine copies the text to its memory – called the clipboard. When you “paste,” the machine retrieves the text from its clipboard and places it where you said to.

Unfortunately, this ultra-convenient function is very unsecure by nature.

Across nearly all devices running all kinds of operating systems, your clipboard is pretty much public. In most cases, it can be read by pretty much any program or process running on your device.

Most of the time you don’t even know when an application reads your clipboard.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Since this clipboard is “memory,” you might think the machine auto-forgets what you copied after some time. This isn’t the case at all; in fact, this usually doesn’t happen unless you restart the device. How many of us do this regularly?

I don’t know about you, but my smartphone is rarely completely off. The “Sleep” or “Standby” function doesn’t usually count as off either.

So that password you copied from your device’s notes can be read by some nosy script that means you no good. You know, like those written by bad-guy hackers who like to break into accounts and steal sensitive information.

That can be pretty scary. Surely these big tech companies have found a way to put some type of security on this common function, right?

Well, let’s see how (and if) they do.

Windows clipboard

The Windows 10 clipboard isn’t secure. The text copied to your clipboard is stored in plain-text format.

The issue hasn’t been addressed by Microsoft directly, but some third-party apps have addressed the issue over the years. Usually these third-party apps store what they find in your clipboard and then encrypt that information on their own servers.

This is good and well and all, but that means that those third-party apps have access to your clipboard… and a lot of other apps do too. In theory, your clipboard can be read by some maliciously nosy script on a website that you visit.

How? Again, it’s not hard at all to access the clipboard since everything is stored in plain-text format.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Windows also has the neat functionality of potentially storing your local clipboard in the cloud clipboard history queue. The cloud clipboard allows devices synced across your Microsoft account to read what’s copied there.

This proves useful, but again, there is the real issue of privacy vs. convenience, since the clipboard is very easily readable.

Thankfully, in most cases the ability to sync your clipboard to cloud is disabled by default. If yours happens to be enabled, you can disable the cloud clipboard in the Windows 10 settings.

Configuring the clipboard settings for your local clipboard isn’t as easy – outside of downloading third-party apps.

macOS clipboard

Much like Windows, the clipboard of the macOS is a public billboard of pretty much all processes and applications running on the system.

Also, like Windows, it isn’t secure.

For some people that might be a shock, because macOS is often touted as being more secure than systems that run Windows. To an extent, this is true; mostly because macOS is based off Linux, whereas Windows is not.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Like Microsoft, Apple has implemented a cloud clipboard as well. This cloud clipboard is called the “universal clipboard.” The universal clipboard is tied to “Handoff,” which syncs between apple devices.

Note that in order to use this feature, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi must be turned on. You can argue this is more secure than Windows’ cloud clipboard because Bluetooth 4.0 has basic encryption between connected devices.

However, since the clipboard is still such a public bulletin, it remains largely unsecure.

iOS clipboard

There’s a trend here, isn’t there?

Not much changes with the security of the clipboard from macOS to iOS.

Any app on an iOS device can access the most recent thing copied to your clipboard. This goes for both text and images.

Theoretically, a malicious app can read what’s on your iOS clipboard and then feed that information back to a remote server. That remote server can be easily accessed by someone stealing your personal and sensitive information.

Here’s a short demonstration:

In the video, a developer created an app called KlipboardSpy. The app easily read and accessed data stored on the iOS clipboard. The developer also created a widget to perform the same function.

So simply put, the iOS clipboard isn’t secure either.

Android clipboard

Just like its iOS counterpart, the Android clipboard is no more or less secure. It’s just as vulnerable to the demonstration shown in the YouTube video above.

How to secure the clipboard?

The short, and unfortunate, answer is: you can’t. You could never use the function, but even for the ever-going privacy (or security) versus convenience debate, I believe that is way too much of an extreme.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Also, it’s important to realize that is not something that is easily fixable by developers/programmers at Microsoft, Apple, or Google.

The fact that everything running on a device can read the clipboard is what makes the copy-and-paste function so helpful and convenient.

Recommendation

Realistically speaking, all of us have higher priority digital threats out there. The biggest thing that comes to mind is malware running on our devices without us knowing; things such as viruses, backdoors, trojan horses, malicious scripts, and other bad stuff.

The lack of security of the clipboard is something you should be aware of. To mitigate the risk of exposing sensitive information I recommend you stop leaving sensitive information in the clipboard after you’re done with pasting.

All this means is that you should copy something else once you’re done copy and pasting whatever else you were doing.

If you’re copying a pasting a password, do that. After you’re done, copy something else.

The same goes for other sensitive information such as your social security number, authentication codes, account numbers, etc.

Copy images and text from one PC to another with a cloud-based clipboard. Not only can you can paste from your clipboard history, but you can also pin the items you find yourself using all the time.

To get to your clipboard history, press Windows logo key + V. From the clipboard history, you can paste and pin frequently used items by choosing an individual item from your clipboard menu. Pinning an item keeps it from being removed from the clipboard history to make room for new items.

Share your clipboard items to another Windows 11 device

Select Start > Settings > System > Clipboard.

Select Sync across devices and toggle it on.

Select Automatically sync text that I copy. The sync feature is tied to your Microsoft account, or your work account, so remember to use the same login information on all your devices.

Copy images and text from one PC to another with a cloud-based clipboard. Not only can you can paste from your clipboard history, but you can also pin the items you find yourself using all the time.

To get to your clipboard history at any time, press Windows logo key + V. From the clipboard history, you can paste and pin frequently used items by choosing an individual item from your clipboard menu. Pinning an item keeps it from being removed from the clipboard history to make room for new items.

Share your clipboard items to another Windows 10 device

Select Start > Settings > System > Clipboard.

Under Sync across devices, choose On. The sync feature is tied to your Microsoft account, or your work account, so remember to use the same login information on all your devices.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Did you know that when you copy something in Windows and paste it somewhere else, the info on your Clipboard doesn’t just disappear? It can remain stored on your Clipboard for anyone to see. If you want to make sure all of your data is safe and secure you need to clear your Clipboard history too.

What is Clipboard History?

The Clipboard is a temporary storage place for information when you are copying and pasting data. In older versions of Windows, you could not keep a record of what you copied, everything was deleted up until the latest entry. This is not the case now.

An update in October 2018 gave Windows 10 users the option to keep a history of items and text they had copied. You can go back and paste an item more than once or pin items that you paste often to the panel so that you wouldn’t delete them by accident.

To check whether your computer has Clipboard history enabled you only need to press Win + V while in any program. If the option is not enabled then your machine is only saving one item at a time. If you wish to activate the Clipboard history option you can do so by clicking the enable button. The ability to save a history of your copied items has a lot of pros, sure, but what about the cons?

First of all, storing large amounts of data on the Clipboard reduces the amount of memory available. A full Clipboard can noticeably slow down your machine. Also, if you are on someone else’s computer, you definitely don’t want to leave your Clipboard items where the owner can see them, even if the owner is a friend or family member. The same goes if you let someone else use your PC. They would have access to whatever is saved on your Clipboard. It’s better if they don’t have access to your private data, especially if it’s sensitive. Finally, if you copied and pasted a password, anyone using your computer would be able to see it.

How to delete your Clipboard history

If you’re concerned about any of these issues, you can erase this data. There are several options and I will go through all of them in this article.

Method 1: Add an empty field to Clipboard History

In the first option, we will add an empty item to the clipboard history so that you (or someone on your computer) will not be able to paste anything. This method does not delete the entire history, but it does make it impossible for someone to access your last pasted item. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Press the Win + R keys to open the Run box.
  2. Enter cmd /c “echo off | clip”
  3. Press OK.

Method 2: Clear All Clipboard History

You must use the Clipboard settings menu to clear all the entries on your Clipboard. Here’s what to do:

  1. Enter “Clipboard” in the search field.
  2. Click the Clipboard settings icon.
  3. Scroll to the bottom of the window and press Clear.

Method 3: Erase specific entries

If you want to you can delete only certain sensitive data instead of clearing the entire Clipboard history. To do so, you can use the Clipboard panel.

  1. Press Win + V.
  2. Press the three dots in the upper-right corner of the item you want to delete.
  3. Click Delete.
  4. Additionally, you can delete the full history from this panel by clicking on “Clear all”.

Method 4: Disable Clipboard history

If you don’t need the Clipboard history feature, or you just don’t want to worry about someone else accessing you can turn the option off entirely. Simply open Clipboard history and toggle it off.

The following guide provides you with three methods to clear the Windows Clipboard from content that it holds at the time.

Microsoft has not improved the clipboard functionality of its Windows operating system in a long time. Even the Windows 10 version allows you to only hold one entry in the Clipboard at all times. When you copy something new, the old is no longer available.

That’s probably the main reason why third-party clipboard managers such as Clipboard Help+Spell or Clipboard Master are popular programs. These programs allow you to keep a record of previous items copied to the clipboard, and may introduce additional functionality such as spell checking, item manipulation, or fast access to the previous ten or so entries.

Methods to clear the Windows Clipboard

The following methods provide you with options to clear the Windows Clipboard so that the stored entry is no longer available.

While there are not that many situations where you might want to clear the clipboard, some that come to mind are to avoid pasting data accidentally, avoid that software may record what is stored in the clipboard, or block others with access to the PC from checking it out.

Method 1: using the command line

How secure is the windows clipboard

One of the easier options. Simply run echo off | clip from the command line to clear the Windows Clipboard.

  1. Tap on the Windows-key, type cmd.exe, and hit the Enter-key. You may speed this up by pinning a link to the Windows command prompt to the taskbar, desktop or start menu.
  2. Type echo of |clip and hit the Enter-key.

The clipboard is now empty. You can speed things up further by creating a batch file and pinning it to a location you have access to quickly.

Method 2: Overwriting the content

If it is just about getting rid of whatever information is stored in the clipboard, you may simply copy something else into it to overwrite the previous entry.

To do so select a word, letter or even a blank space and hit Ctrl-C to copy it to the clipboard. Simple but faster than the command line option listed above.

Method 3: Using ClipTTL

ClipTTL is a free simple program for Windows that automates the process. The program wipes the clipboard in 20 second intervals.

All you need to do is run it to make use of its functionality. While it is certainly more comfortable than using the other methods, it may overwrite content too early or not quickly enough due to the 20 second interval that it uses.

Now You: Have another method not listed here? Let us know in the comment section below.

The Windows 10 October 2018 Update gives the clipboard feature greater power and flexibility, like the power to copy multiple items. Here’s how to access and use it.

How secure is the windows clipboard

The Windows clipboard has been around for years and hasn’t seen much improvement—until now. With the new Windows 10 October 2018 Update, Microsoft introduced several impressive features. One standout, though, is the new and improved Windows clipboard, which adds new skills and abilities to help you cut, copy, and paste items.

You can now store a running history of items that you’ve cut or copied. By triggering the right keyboard shortcut, you can view and access your clipboard history to paste any entry one after the other. You can also sync your clipboard history through the cloud so it’s available on any of your Windows 10 devices. Meaning you can copy something out of a document on your Dell Precision 5530 ($1,139.00 at Dell Technologies) (Opens in a new window) and paste it into an email on your Microsoft Surface Book 2 ($1,139.00 at Dell Technologies) (Opens in a new window) .

The new feature allows you a lot more freedom and is a lot more forgiving than the previous version. Let’s see how you can use the new clipboard.

Enable Windows 10 Clipboard

Cut and Copy With Windows 10 Clipboard

Open Windows 10 Clipboard

Paste with Windows 10 Clipboard

Manage Clipboard History

Clear Clipboard History

Using the Clipboard

Pin Clipboard Items

Sync Clipboard Across Devices

Use Windows 10 across several different devices? You can sync the items you send to the clipboard across multiple devices, allowing you access to the same clipboard history no matter what device you use. As long as each item has the Windows 10 October 2018 update, you can enable this in Settings > System > Clipboard, then turn on the switch to Sync across devices.

Windows offers two options for your cloud clipboard: “Automatically sync text that I copy” or “Never automatically sync text that I copy.” With the first option, every item you cut or copy is synced. With the second option, you have to open your Clipboard history and manually select the items you want to sync. Choose the option you want.

Keep in mind that for this feature to work, syncing will have to be enabled on each Windows 10 device you plan to use. Open Settings > System > Clipboard and turn on the switch for Clipboard history. Press Win key+V to view your clipboard, and everything you cut or copied on another computer should be in your current history.

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The Office Clipboard allows you to copy up to 24 items from Office documents or other programs and paste them into another Office document. For example, you can copy text from an email message, data from a workbook or datasheet, and a graphic from a presentation, and then paste them all into a document. By using the Office Clipboard, you can arrange the copied items the way that you want in the document.

You’re not limited to only pasting the last item you copied or cut when you use the Clipboard task pane. The Clipboard task pane holds many of the last images and text you copied or cut.

Note: You can still do simple cut, copy, and paste the way you’re used to, either by using the buttons on the ribbon or the keyboard shortcuts CTRL+X (Cut), CTRL+C (Copy), or CTRL+V (Paste).

Open the Office Clipboard task pane

To open the Clipboard task pane, click Home, and then click the Clipboard dialog box launcher. Double-click the image or text you want to paste.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Note: To open the Clipboard task pane in Outlook, in an open message, click the Message tab, and then click the Clipboard dialog box launcher in the Clipboard group.

Copy and paste multiple items using the Office Clipboard

Open the file that you want to copy items from.

Select the first item that you want to copy, and press CTRL+C.

Continue copying items from the same or other files until you have collected all of the items that you want. The Office Clipboard can hold up to 24 items. If you copy a twenty-fifth item, the first item on the Office Clipboard is deleted.

As items are added to the Office Clipboard, an entry is displayed in the Clipboard task pane. The newest entry is always added to the top. Each entry includes an icon representing the source Office program and a portion of copied text or a thumbnail of a copied graphic.

Click where you want the items to be pasted. You can paste collected items into any Office program.

Do one of the following:

To paste items one at a time, in the Clipboard task pane, double-click each item that you want to paste.

To paste all the items that you copied, in the Clipboard task pane, click Paste All.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Delete items from the Office Clipboard

You can delete items from the Office Clipboard individually or all at the same time.

In the Clipboard task pane, do one of the following:

To clear one item, click the arrow next to the item that you want to delete, and then click Delete.

How secure is the windows clipboard

To clear all items, click Clear All.

Control how the Office clipboard is displayed

To control how the Office Clipboard is displayed, click Options at the bottom of the task pane.

How secure is the windows clipboard

Show Office Clipboard Automatically

Automatically displays the Office Clipboard when copying items.

Show Office Clipboard When CTRL+C Pressed Twice

Automatically displays the Office Clipboard when you press CTRL+C twice.

Collect Without Showing Office Clipboard

Automatically copies items to the Office Clipboard without displaying the Clipboard task pane.

Show Office Clipboard Icon on Taskbar

Displays the Office Clipboard icon in the status area of the system taskbar when the Office Clipboard is active. This option is turned on by default.

Show Status Near Taskbar When Copying

Displays the collected item message when copying items to the Office Clipboard. This option is turned on by default.

The Clipboard is a holding place on your computer where you can temporarily store data (text, pictures, and so on). When you copy something, your selection is held on the Clipboard, where it remains until you copy something else or shut down your computer. This means that you can paste the same data multiple times and in different applications. The Clipboard holds only the last selection that you copied.

On the Mac, you cannot view or clear the Clipboard.

Select the data that you want to copy.

On the Standard toolbar, click Copy .

Click the location where you want to paste the data.

On the Standard toolbar, click Paste .

The Paste Options button that appears in your document is temporary. You can click it to change the formatting of the pasted item. To dismiss it, click anywhere else in the document, press ESC , or begin typing.

The keyboard shortcut for Copy is + C , and for Paste it’s + V .

To save and reuse text and graphics, even if you turn off your computer, you can use the Scrapbook.

Published by Ian Matthews on April 26, 2016 April 26, 2016

The short answer is that Windows 10 does not include the clipboard viewer. The long answer(s) are:

A) COPY CLIPBRD.EXE FROM A WINDOWS XP COMPUTER:

  1. You can download the How secure is the windows clipboardWindows XP Clipboard Viewer from HERE or you can just copy C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\CLIPBRD.EXE from any Windows XP computer.
  2. Put CLIPBRD.EXE into C:\PROGRAM FILES (x86)\ on your Windows 10 computer
  3. Create a shortcut if you wish, or just double click it
  4. Ignore the error about the CLIPBOARD SERVICE IS NOT STARTED and expand the minimized window in the corner to see what is in your clipboard

B) USE A CLIPBOARD VIEWER ALTERNATIVE:

Do a Bing / Google search for this but I can suggest Clipboard Master or ClipMagic or Ditto as three alternatives.

10 Comments

windows update error 80070103 · June 16, 2019 at 9:48 pm

I tried to do this on my system and it is working. The given article is really very useful and good for the windows users.

doniboyd · November 13, 2018 at 1:54 pm

Which is better, Office 365 or say MS Office 2016 and why? I just downloaded your Clipboard Viewer: I haven’t checked it out yet. Oh, and why did MS leave out their Clipboard Viewer; was it by design or why? Again, thank you for this. I hope it works. 🙂

Ian Matthews · December 3, 2018 at 11:00 pm

Office 365 Pro Plus is Office 2016 Pro Plus today. Office 365 is just the subscription version. Skim through https://www.urtech.ca/2018/09/solved-whats-the-difference-between-office-2019-office-365-pro-plus/

Kelvin4659 · November 6, 2018 at 8:17 am

This worked on my Win10 machine!
Is there a way to see the Clipboard history? Maybe the last 5 or 10 items?

Ian Matthews · November 6, 2018 at 11:32 am

Yes, that is coming with the new Office 2019. I just attended MS Ignite 2018 in Florida and they demo’d it, but unfortunately it was only something I caught in passing so I don’t recall the details. But it is coming soooooon

Joan · June 20, 2018 at 3:13 pm

HELP. I found download manager and a list of downloads. I had saved a few music videos to the clipboard earlier but now I can’t find them. Can you tell me how to do this and keep in mind that I am 73 years old so please keep it simple.

Ian Matthews · June 21, 2018 at 3:50 pm

Hi Joan; I am sorry to say that the CLIPBOARD in Windows is only for text and for pointers to objects like video files. If you were saving things to the clipboard it might be some non-Microsoft clipboard tool you had installed that we have no knowledge of. Eitherway, I don’t think we are going to be of much assistance in this case.

Sylvie Boisvert · March 15, 2018 at 7:57 am

Although your link works, I’m unable to save it anywhere and still doesn’t allow me to see anything I’ve screenshot. For example, I took a screen shot of your instructions and all that shows up when I open the clipboard is that it didn’t work

Ian Matthews · March 15, 2018 at 5:17 pm

As I recall, the CLIPBOARD VIEWER only shows you TEXT that is in the clipboard and does not show screen grabs or other graphics.

krista fajkus · August 16, 2017 at 4:28 am

thank you, i think that’s accurate to say so far.

I have a simple windows form application which has a button and text box. How do I automatically paste the path that I just copied from windows explorer or any other program to the text box when I load the form, so that I don’t have to paste the copied path to the text box?

2 Answers 2

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Clipboard is inside System.Windows.Forms, use this way:

How secure is the windows clipboard

If you only want to paste the file path when you copy a path during form load then try

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#1 zzzz

I was thinking that if I use a password generator and then copy the generated password to paste into whatever then a copy is on the clipboard which won’t be deleted until a copy of something else is done.

Perhaps no one would bother, even if possible, to monitor ones clipboard but is it possible? Password generators give really long complex ones so copying them is the easiest, quickest way to paste them in so I am a little concerned if there is a security problem here.

Any advice please – thanks.

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#2 zzzz

I jumped the gun here as I have now googled this concern and there is quite a lot of info on it – yes it is insecure. Strange that PW managers and articles on them never mention this aspect so I thought there was no problem until today!

#3 britechguy

Been there, done that, got the T-shirt

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    I jumped the gun here as I have now googled this concern and there is quite a lot of info on it – yes it is insecure. Strange that PW managers and articles on them never mention this aspect so I thought there was no problem until today!

    The reason it’s mentioned so seldom is the probability of access to the clipboard from anything that doesn’t have access to your system “in a bad way” in the first place is incredibly remote.

    Real security comes from taking action against the most likely and frequent attack surfaces first, then working your way down to those of less and less probability of compromise (other than if a more frequent attack surface were to be compromised first).

    It’s similar in concept to putting strong locks on all of the exterior doors of your house but not on each and every interior room. If you can’t get in to the house in the first place then you can’t enter any room.

    Brian AKA Bri the Tech Guy (website in my user profile) Windows 10 Pro, 64-Bit
    A lot of what appears to be progress is just so much technological rococo.

    #4 Replicator

    Yes. Remote access to any service performed by the host is not feasible without a host/network compromise!

    #5 britechguy

    Been there, done that, got the T-shirt

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    This is another of those cases where someone can’t see the security forest for the trees.

    Accurate risk assessment is the first and foremost thing to do when trying to secure anything, not just computers. Really good security does not lock anything and everything down “tight as a drum,” and generally making ease of use disappear in the process.

    Quietman7 has written that security is all about layers, and that’s absolutely the case. If those layers include (and they must include) a great protective shell (and part of that is developing user behaviors with cyberspace that do not invite problems in) then expending tons of effort trying to lock down things beneath that shell is almost entirely wasted.

    Deal with the probable, truly probable, and leave the remotely possible alone. Each and every one of us could possibly get struck by a meteorite, even in our home, and killed. None of us that are sane tries to take any protective measures against meteorite strikes.

    Brian AKA Bri the Tech Guy (website in my user profile) Windows 10 Pro, 64-Bit
    A lot of what appears to be progress is just so much technological rococo.

    #6 Didier Stevens

    I was thinking that if I use a password generator and then copy the generated password to paste into whatever then a copy is on the clipboard which won’t be deleted until a copy of something else is done.

    The developers of many password managers have mitigated this risk.

    Depending on your password manager, it’s possible that

    – the password manager clears the clipboard after a couple of seconds

    – the password manager uses another method, like sending keys

    SANS ISC Senior Handler
    Microsoft MVP 2011-2016 Consumer Security, Windows Insider MVP 2016-2022

    If you send me messages, per Bleeping Computer’s Forum policy, I will not engage in a conversation, but try to answer your question in the relevant forum post. If you don’t want this, don’t send me messages.

    Stevens’ law: “As an online security discussion grows longer, the probability of a reference to BadUSB approaches 1.0”

    For decades users have been pressing Ctrl+C or relying on copy buttons. All these tricks and shortcuts to speed up text processing have become natural and intuitive to us. We do not pay attention to what is happening to copied information besides the fact that we can paste it. It’s safe to assume that most of us consider the clipboard as temporary data sharing. Once you copy something previous data in the clipboard will be overwritten. People rely on this assumption when they copy sensitive information such as passwords.

    Security aspect of added convenience

    Pressing Ctrl+C in Windows 10 no longer does only what it was doing in Windows 3.0. Windows can now also preserve copied data in Clipboard History and sync it across devices. This may be very handy when you need to transfer information from one device to another.

    The temporary effect of Ctrl+C is no longer temporary. For example, a password can stay unnoticed in local history forever.

    The local effect of Ctrl+C is no longer local. For example, recovery codes copied last week on one device can appear in the clipboard of another PC for the same user.

    In Windows 10 it is now possible to look up secrets from connected devices by pressing Windows+V on the unlocked system. There will be no audit trails and no authentication challenge. How many of us lock their system every time we go to get a cup of coffee?

    What have we improved?

    Starting with Firefox 94 and ESR 91.3, your browser keeps the temporary and local promise of clipboard in certain places where users expect privacy, and will not share that data with either Clipboard History or Cloud Clipboard. This protects users when they copy passwords and usernames from the Passwords page, and will protect everything people copy to the clipboard from a Private Browsing window.

    We do this by using appropriate clipboard formats for sensitive data. The corresponding CVE can be found at https://www.cve.org/CVERecord?id=CVE-2021-38505 .

    Technology makes our lives better every day, but it also introduces new risks. Risks that most people are not aware of. Firefox strives to keep everyone safe and this is one step in that direction.

    You can make the copy and paste function much more useful.

    You probably use your computer copy and paste some text, a link, or an image from one place to another dozens of times a day. You probably don’t even think about it. That is, until something goes wrong, or you’re working on something that requires you to do it over and over and over.

    If you ever need to copy multiple things from one place to another or have a habit of misplacing the link you copied thirty minutes ago but forgot to paste, you need a clipboard manager. A clipboard manager is a tool that runs in the background of whatever programs you’re using and keeps a record of all the things you have copied recently (though it automatically ignores private and secure data like passwords).

    If you misplace a link, you can find it in your clipboard manager and quickly copy it again. Once you have multiple entries in the clipboard, you can perform other useful functions, like combining them together or creating templates based on other clipboard entries. You can even sync clipboards between platforms.

    Depending on how complex your needs are, you can use a straightforward clipboard manager, or one that offers additional options.

    Windows offers a built-in clipboard history

    How secure is the windows clipboard

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    Windows 10 and 11 come with their own basic clipboard history tool; though it looks better on Windows 11, both work the same. Enable the feature from Settings > System > Clipboard > Clipboard History. Then, use the Windows + V keyboard shortcut to bring up a floating panel where you’ll see a list of text that you have recently copied to the clipboard.

    You can click on an entry to paste it into the text, and the Pin button to pin that entry to the top. But that’s it—there is no way to merge entries, and no template or automation support.

    The best clipboard managers for Windows

    The Windows clipboard history tool is nice to have. But it’s no clipboard manager. For that, you’ll need to use a third-party tool. And there’s no shortage of options.

    Ditto : Ditto is a lightweight, free, and open-source clipboard manager. The last bit is important, because a clipboard manager is going to see everything you copy, so it needs to be secure. Clicking on the Ditto icon will open a list of all your recent clipboard entries. Double-click an entry to copy it to the clipboard. You can configure how many entries it will store, and for how long, and use the Groups feature to merge multiple clipboard entries together.

    1Clipboard : This is another great option for a free, universal app built on open source tech. It works on both Windows and Mac and can sync securely sync your clipboard’s contents between platforms using Google Drive. While it’s great for that purpose, it doesn’t do much else—no grouping or automation options here.

    ClipClip : If you’re looking for a power-user option, ClipClip is it. Once you’ve copied items to the clipboard, you can use this app to group, save, organize, and merge entires. There’s a great search feature, drag and drop capabilitie , and cloud sync as well.

    The best clipboard managers for Mac

    Mac doesn’t have offer a built-in clipboard manager, but it has arguably the best-designed third-party options. Here are a few to consider.

    Paste : Paste is a visual clipboard manager for the Mac. It pops up from the bottom of the screen, and has a color-coded design. You can pin often-used entries, and group multiple entries together. The app is free to use for two weeks, and then requires a $14.99/year subscription.

    CopyClip : Want a free, simple clipboard manager? CopyClip is as basic as it gets. It sits in the menu bar, and its drop-down menu shows you a list of all your recent clipboard entries.

    Maccy : Maccy is a lightweight, keyboard-based clipboard manager—think of it as Spotlight, but for clipboard management. Open it up with a keyboard shortcut, search through the clipboard for the text you need, and press enter to instantly paste the text. The app is open-source, too, so security experts can verify it’s not doing something shady behind the scenes. It costs $9.99, but the productivity boost is worth the price.

    RDP clipboard custom config

    Hi everybody, I am looking for a solution to restrict copy and past through RDP connections but also exclude certain users. I found some steps on how to enable this on the default domain policy but this looks like it will kill copy and paste for all RDP connections. Any advise on how to link this with an AD exclusion security group ? Thank you.

    2 Answers

    • Sort by Created Created
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    From RDP Session Host side, the policy “Do not allow clipboard redirection” cannot exclude certain users. So, the only way is to create a rdp file with setting “redirectclipboard:i:0” to disable the copy and paste from client side. And then you can distribute the rdp file using the domain plolicy to the certain users who cannot copy and paste. And let these users always use this rdp file for rdp connection.

    Then only concern of this way is that the user may be able to change the rdp file settings. But you can try to set “read only” for this file when creating the policy to see if it can prevent that.

    If the Answer is helpful, please click “Accept Answer” and upvote it. Thanks.

    Is there a way to make and push local policies to users computers hosts ? (the ones they remote to) as those are on domain. This way we could control who can copy or not ?

    Let me double confirm. Do you want to make and push policies to users’ computers (client PC) or the hosts (remote server the users connect to)?

    If you push policies to users’ computers to disable copy, it will also disable copy locally not only for rdp connection. From hosts side (remote server the users connect to), there is no such policies to exclude certain users, only policy “Do not allow clipboard redirection” can be set but it will disable copy for all rdp connection.

    In Windows 10 1809 Clipboard History was introduced in Windows 10. Basically it keeps a history of all you clipboard items, you can even sync them across devices. Which is really cool!

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    Many use Password managers and many IT departments use password managers or some sort of safe storage to secure sensitive passwords, like “break the glass” domain admin passwords. So how does a Password manager work with Clipboard history? Well in this example I used Password Safe, it tells us it will securely delete the password when you close the app. Most Password Managers do that.

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    What it really does is just copy blank text to the clipboard and that works just fine, if we haven’t turned on Clipboard History then we can see all the passwords copied and the blank entry that Password Safe created to wipe the password from the clipboard history. Pressing Windows logo Key + V will display the password history.

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    So before using this new cool feature maybe inform our users is a good idea about how it works and the fact that they can use it but if they copy something sensitive, they can delete it. Same for admin workstations maybe it is better to turn it off?

    The registry key that controls clipboard history is: HKU\Software\Microsoft\Clipboard\EnableClipboardHistory

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    We can put that in a Group Policy preference for example to make sure it is turned off.
    Clipboard history is really cool, we just need to keep this behavior in mind and inform our users and admins.

    1 thought on “ Windows 10 Clipboard History and Password Managers heads up! ”

    The Windows clipboard API can be informed that the contents is sensitive and shouldn’t be stored in history. Good password managers are aware of this and has implemented the nessecary changes. You don’t need inconvenience the user when the password manager handles this correctly.

    Leave a Reply Cancel reply

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    My name is Jörgen Nilsson and I work as a Senior Consultant at Onevinn in Malmö, Sweden. This is my blog where I will share tips and stuff for my own and everyone elses use on Enterprise Mobility and Windows related topics.
    All code is provided “AS-IS” with no warranties.

    Khamosh Pathak

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    You probably use your computer copy and paste some text, a link, or an image from one place to another dozens of times a day. You probably don’t even think about it. That is, until something goes wrong, or you’re working on something that requires you to do it over and over and over.

    If you ever need to copy multiple things from one place to another or have a habit of misplacing the link you copied thirty minutes ago but forgot to paste, you need a clipboard manager. A clipboard manager is a tool that runs in the background of whatever programs you’re using and keeps a record of all the things you have copied recently (though it automatically ignores private and secure data like passwords).

    If you misplace a link, you can find it in your clipboard manager and quickly copy it again. Once you have multiple entries in the clipboard, you can perform other useful functions, like combining them together or creating templates based on other clipboard entries. You can even sync clipboards between platforms.

    Depending on how complex your needs are, you can use a straightforward clipboard manager, or one that offers additional options.

    Windows offers a built-in clipboard history

    Windows 10 and 11 come with their own basic clipboard history tool; though it looks better on Windows 11, both work the same. Enable the feature from Settings > System > Clipboard > Clipboard History. Then, use the Windows + V keyboard shortcut to bring up a floating panel where you’ll see a list of text that you have recently copied to the clipboard.

    You can click on an entry to paste it into the text, and the Pin button to pin that entry to the top. But that’s it — there is no way to merge entries, and no template or automation support.

    The best clipboard managers for Windows

    The Windows clipboard history tool is nice to have. But it’s no clipboard manager. For that, you’ll need to use a third-party tool. And there’s no shortage of options.

    Ditto: Ditto is a lightweight, free, and open-source clipboard manager. The last bit is important, because a clipboard manager is going to see everything you copy, so it needs to be secure. Clicking on the Ditto icon will open a list of all your recent clipboard entries. Double-click an entry to copy it to the clipboard. You can configure how many entries it will store, and for how long, and use the Groups feature to merge multiple clipboard entries together.

    1Clipboard: This is another great option for a free, universal app built on open source tech. It works on both Windows and Mac and can sync securely sync your clipboard’s contents between platforms using Google Drive. While it’s great for that purpose, it doesn’t do much else — no grouping or automation options here.

    ClipClip: If you’re looking for a power-user option, ClipClip is it. Once you’ve copied items to the clipboard, you can use this app to group, save, organise, and merge entires. There’s a great search feature, drag and drop capabilitie, and cloud sync as well.

    The best clipboard managers for Mac

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    Mac doesn’t have offer a built-in clipboard manager, but it has arguably the best-designed third-party options. Here are a few to consider.

    Paste: Paste is a visual clipboard manager for the Mac. It pops up from the bottom of the screen, and has a colour-coded design. You can pin often-used entries, and group multiple entries together. The app is free to use for two weeks, and then requires a $US14.99 ($21)/year subscription.

    CopyClip: Want a free, simple clipboard manager? CopyClip is as basic as it gets. It sits in the menu bar, and its drop-down menu shows you a list of all your recent clipboard entries.

    Maccy: Maccy is a lightweight, keyboard-based clipboard manager — think of it as Spotlight, but for clipboard management. Open it up with a keyboard shortcut, search through the clipboard for the text you need, and press enter to instantly paste the text. The app is open-source, too, so security experts can verify it’s not doing something shady behind the scenes. It costs $US9.99 ($14), but the productivity boost is worth the price.

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    Бесплатный, полнофункциональный и портативный просмотрщик буфера обмена

    Free Clipboard Viewer – это программа, используемая для просмотра информации, которая хранится в памяти при использовании функций копирования и вырезания операционной системы Windows. Средство просмотра буфера обмена отображает текущее содержимое буфера обмена.

    Большинство приложений для Windows поддерживают вырезание или копирование данных в буфер обмена Windows и вставку данных из буфера обмена. Форматы данных буфера обмена различаются в зависимости от приложения. Средство просмотра буфера обмена – это просто удобный способ узнать, что находится в вашем буфере обмена в разное время.

    В буфере обмена временно хранится то, что вы вырезали или скопировали. Как только вы вырезаете или копируете что-то еще, содержимое буфера обмена меняется.

    Другие полезные функции

    Free Clipboard Viewer позволяет вам сохранять данные буфера обмена в файл и загружать данные буфера обмена из файла. Таким образом, вы можете передавать содержимое буфера обмена между компьютерами.

    Программа также позволяет очищать буфер обмена и память, занятую большим объектом. Чтобы очистить буфер обмена, нажмите кнопку «Удалить» на панели инструментов инструмента просмотра буфера обмена.

    Все форматы буфера обмена

    Любое приложение может поместить в буфер обмена несколько объектов, каждое из которых представляет одну и ту же информацию в своем формате. Free Clipboard Viewer перечисляет доступные форматы для любых данных, которые в настоящее время хранятся в буфере обмена. Он автоматически обновляет информацию, отображаемую при изменении содержимого буфера обмена. Для любого формата вы также можете просмотреть содержимое буфера обмена, размер и описание.

    Запустите его с вашего портативного USB-накопителя

    Free Clipboard Viewer – это полностью переносимое приложение, означающее, что вы можете положить его на любую флешку и запустить прямо оттуда. Таким образом, ваш просмотрщик буфера обмена и менеджер всегда будут с вами.

    Вам нужно больше информации? Взгляните на страницу помощи: Справка онлайн.

    Скачать Бесплатный просмотрщик буфера обмена

    Версия: 4.0
    Дата выпуска: 29.03.2021
    Поддерживаемые операционные системы:
    Microsoft Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7/Vista/XP

    История буфера обмена

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    Hot Copy Paste
    Расширенный буфер обмена Windows с историей буфера обмена, безопасным хранилищем, полнотекстовым поиском и доступом к часто используемым фрагментам.

    If your work include copying multiple items and pasting then you have come to the right place. This blog will tell you how to enable multiple clipboard in Windows using safe, secure and free software Autohotkey.

    Clipboard is the temporary memory where items that you copy (control + x) are saved. Windows by has only one clipboard. Multiple clipboard is new feature that has been added in Windows 10. You can turn on multiple clipboard in Windows 10 for more instruction please visit.

    Multiple clipbaord are not supported in earlier version of Windows.

    But, there is a trick. You can have multiple clipboard in every version of windows for free. See multiple clipboard in action.

    To enable this feature, you need to install Autohotkey. Autohotkey is light and free general purpose windows automation tool. You can do a lot of windows automation with Autohotkey, visit this blog to see glimpse of what Autohotkey can do and help you to automate most of tasks.

    Steps for enabling Multiple Clipboard

    1. Install Autohotkey (visit https://www.autohotkey.com/)
    2. Copy the following script in text file and save file with .aht extension
    3. Double click on above file to activate multiple clipboard in Windows.
    4. To disable this, just right click on autohotkey script in task bar and disable/stop it.

    If you have followed above procedure properly then you have successfully activated multiple clipboard. Now apart from Control + C (default clipboard) now you have 3 more clipboard where you can copy. Following table show keyboard shortcut that you can use for copying and multiple items at once. Numpad are numeric keys in numpad, but if you want to chance this shortcut you are free to change it. Just replace Numpad in above script and replace it with a key that you want to use as shortcut. For more details on code for keys please visit Autothotkey List of Keys.

    Clipboard No. Copy Paste
    1. (Default) Ctrl + C Ctrl + V
    2. Ctrl +NumPad1 Ctrl +NumPad4
    3. Ctrl +NumPad2 Ctrl +NumPad5
    4. Ctrl +NumPad3 Ctrl +NumPad6

    Disable Multiple clipboard

    Whats good with Autohotkey, you can disable any of the shortcuts that you have created using it by single click. To disable multiple clip, just click on H symbol in notification area (Bottom left side of windows) and right click it and say exit.

    Secure context: This feature is available only in secure contexts (HTTPS), in some or all supporting browsers.

    The Clipboard interface implements the Clipboard API, providing—if the user grants permission—both read and write access to the contents of the system clipboard. The Clipboard API can be used to implement cut, copy, and paste features within a web application.

    The system clipboard is exposed through the global Navigator.clipboard property.

    Calls to the methods of the Clipboard object will not succeed if the user hasn’t granted the needed permissions using the Permissions API and the “clipboard-read” or “clipboard-write” permission as appropriate.

    Note: In reality, at this time browser requirements for access to the clipboard vary significantly. Please see the section Clipboard availability for details.

    All of the Clipboard API methods operate asynchronously; they return a Promise which is resolved once the clipboard access has been completed. The promise is rejected if clipboard access is denied.

    Note: The clipboard is a data buffer that is used for short-term, data storage and/or data transfers, this can be between documents or applications It is usually implemented as an anonymous, temporary data buffer, sometimes called the paste buffer, that can be accessed from most or all programs within the environment via defined programming interfaces.

    A typical application accesses clipboard functionality by mapping user input such as keybindings, menu selections, etc. to these interfaces.

    Methods

    Clipboard is based on the EventTarget interface, and includes its methods.

    Requests arbitrary data (such as images) from the clipboard, returning a Promise that resolves with an array of ClipboardItem objects containing the clipboard’s contents.

    Requests text from the system clipboard; returns a Promise which is resolved with a string containing the clipboard’s text once it’s available.

    Writes arbitrary data to the system clipboard. This asynchronous operation signals that it’s finished by resolving the returned Promise .

    Writes text to the system clipboard, returning a Promise which is resolved once the text is fully copied into the clipboard.

    Clipboard availability

    The asynchronous clipboard API is a relatively recent addition, and the process of implementing it in browsers is not yet complete. Due to both potential security concerns and technical complexities, the process of integrating this API is happening gradually in most browsers.

    For example, Firefox does not yet support the “clipboard-read” and “clipboard-write” permissions, so access to the methods that access and change the contents of the clipboard are restricted in other ways.

    For WebExtensions, you can request the clipboardRead and clipboardWrite permissions to be able to use clipboard.readText() and clipboard.writeText(). Content scripts applied on HTTP sites do not have access to the clipboard object. See extensions in Firefox 63.

    In addition, read() and write() are disabled by default and require changing a preference to enable them. Check the compatibility tables for each method before using it.

    Secure Clipboard (formerly known as Magyc or Magic Clipboard)

    Secure Clipboard was introduced in the SecureCircle 2.9.0 suite. This feature replaces our previous clipboard protection feature and offers a larger set of configuration and control over how your users are able to copy data. There are three distinct modes of clipboard operation.

    • Disabled – SecureCircle clipboard protection is turned off. This is the equivalent of having no clipboard protection at all and keeping the default system behavior.

    This only disables Secure Clipboard. No other features will be disabled.

    Enabled (Beta) – The end-user is allowed to copy unprotected content and paste it into a protected file. Copy and paste between protected files is also permitted in this mode. Copying from a protected file into an unprotected one will be blocked.

    Strict – Copy function is totally blocked when working with protected data (preventing paste). Unprotected files will retain the normal copy/paste functionally.

    Working with a protected and an unprotected file in the same software at once, will result in clipboard being blocked to prevent a leak via memory.

    “Can I copy/paste?” reference table

    Protected to Protected Protected to Unprotected Unprotected to Protected Unprotected to Unprotected
    Disabled Yes Yes Yes Yes
    Enabled Yes No Yes Yes
    Strict No No No Yes

    Configuring Secure Clipboard

    Secure Clipboard settings are controlled by our new User Roles feature. You can use any of the predefined roles, or create your own roles to use whichever combinations of settings you choose. When you choose to either create a new User Role, or modify an existing role, you will be presented with a menu option with drop down selection entries. For the purposes of Secure Clipboard, we will focus on this and go over other User Role options in other documentation.

    1. Navigate to and expand the Configuration options in the administrator UI. If you do not see these options, you may need to be granted permission to view and edit them.
    2. Under Configuration, select User Roles.
    3. Click Create to make a custom User Role. A popup window will appear with multiple options.
    • Alternatively, Choose an existing role with the check box, select Actions, and then Modify Role.
    1. From the Secure Clipboard section, you have 3 choices. Enabled, Disabled, and Strict. Using the graph above, determine the level of permission you wish to assign to users with this role.
    2. Once all other options have been selected and configured to your liking, click Create at the bottom right of the popup window.
    • Alternatively, if modifying an existing role, the button will say Modify in the bottom right.

    This post has been tagged with

    Since the update from October 2018, (Version 1809), Windows 10 has had an extended clipboard feature. Here’s how you turn it on and use it.

    Turn it on 🔗

    With this feature, the last 25 text bits you copied or cut to the clipboard will be available to paste. You can either just use the clipboard history for one computer, or synchronize across multiple devices logged into the same Microsoft account. But you have to turn it on first. On each computer that should participate, do the following:

    1. Open Start Menu and type Settings. Press Enter to open.
    2. In the search box, type clipboard, then choose Clipboard Settings and press Enter.
    3. Tab to the first option that says to turn on Clipboard History. It might be turned on for you, in which case you don’t have to do anything. Otherwise, toggle it on using the Space bar.
    4. Optionally, tab forward once and turn on the toggle to use the clipboard from all devices connected to the same Microsoft account.
    5. Once you’ve done that, you can then choose the synchronization option for the clipboard from this device. You can choose for each device whether it should just use the common clipboard history, or also actively sync its own content with the others. So, you can have two that sync, and one that doesn’t, but can still use the contents of the other two.

    Using it 🔗

    To paste any of the last 25 text snippets, instead of pressing CTRL+V as usual, press WindowsKey+V instead. This will open a list, sorted from newest to oldest, of the last 25 copied or cut text snippets. Focus is on the newest. Use arrow keys right and left to choose. Press Enter to paste.

    A note about Control+V behavior: After you turn on the feature, it acts normally, meaning it will paste the last text you copied as usual. The one exception is if you pasted a different snippet from the above steps. From that moment on, until you either choose a different item or copy or cut some new text, CTRL+V will paste the last item you chose from that list of 25 snippets.

    A warning to users of the NVDA screen reader: There seems to be a bug in the way NVDA interacts with this feature, and it is in all versions I’ve tested up to the upcoming spring 2020 release (2004) and NVDA 2019.3 beta 1. Sometimes after pasting, the control key appears to be stuck software-wise. It is as if it is being held down continuously, meaning arrow keys will suddenly move by word or paragraph instead of by character or line. It is intermittent. If it happens, just press the Control key once to rectify the situation.

    Pinning or deleting items 🔗

    In the Clipboard History window, you can pin items that you paste frequently. You can also delete a single or all items from the history.

    To do this, open the Clipboard History window with WindowsKey+V, and select an item. Next, press Tab once to focus the More button. Press Space to open the popup menu. here, you have the Pin and Delete plus Delete All items available.

    Note that there is another bug in NVDA where it does not interact with both the button and the menu properly at the time of this writing. I have informed the NVDA team about both issues.

    Closing remark 🔗

    This is, in my opinion, by far one of the best features Microsoft introduced to Windows in recent years. It has made me so much more productive and made so many tasks easier that I cannot even begin to count them. And whenever I am at a device that doesn’t have this feature, I ask myself how I could ever live without it.

    I hope you’ll find it just as useful. Have fun playing with it!

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    When pasting becomes tedious, check out the Clipboard history feature. It saves 25 items, so you can copy from document to document and app to app with less effort.

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    Everyone, even your grandma (I’m a great-grandma) knows how to the use the Clipboard to copy and paste content. It’s such a fundamental part of using a PC that one hardly thinks about it—it’s second nature. As helpful as it is, it’s limited to saving one item at a time when using the keyboard shortcuts Ctrl + C and Ctrl + V. In this article, I’ll show you how to make the most of the Office and Windows Clipboard features, which store as many as 24 items, so you work a bit more efficiently.

    I’m using Microsoft 365 on a Windows 10 64-bit computer, but you can use earlier versions of Office. The online versions don’t support the Clipboard history feature. I don’t use Mac computers, but this is one of the few features that Mac doesn’t support. There’s no demonstration file because you won’t need one.

    Previews of Windows 11 suggest that the history feature will be similar to the Windows 10 feature. It will, however, add support for new graphics, such as gifs, emojis, kaomojis and other symbols.

    How to find the Office Clipboard history

    Pasting one item at a time is adequate most of the time. However, if you’re making multiple modifications or perhaps working with multiple open files, you might need a bit more flexibility. As mentioned, the Office Clipboard stores up to 24 items in its history: text, HTML and image files (that are smaller than 4MB). You can still copy larger items, but the Clipboard won’t save them in its history.

    To see the Office history, simply click the Clipboard group’s dialog launcher. Click any item to insert it into the active document where the cursor is. For a bit more control, click Options (at the bottom of the pane). In the resulting submenu, choose one of the first two options shown in Figure A.

    Figure A

    You don’t have to choose any option at all to access the history—simply click the Clipboard group’s dialog launcher. However, you do have other options. Table A explains them all. It’s worth becoming familiar with each option so you can choose the right one—in fact, if you need the history, you might find that you move from one option to another to work more efficiently.

    Table A

    Option

    Description

    Show Office Clipboard Automatically

    Displays the Office Clipboard history when you copy more than one item.

    Show Office Clipboard When CTRL + C Pressed Twice

    Displays the Office Clipboard history when you press Ctrl + C + C.

    Collect Without Showing Office

    Copies items to the Office Clipboard but doesn’t display the Clipboard history.

    Show Office Clipboard Icon On Taskbar

    Displays the Clipboard icon in the notification section of your Windows taskbar.

    Show Status Near Taskbar When Copying

    Shows the number of items in the Clipboard history in the bottom-right corner of the Word window.

    The first option seems the most efficient, but whether you choose the first or second will depend on you. However, if you enable the Clipboard by checking the first option, the Ctrl + C + C option is dimmed.

    To paste items from the history, position your cursor where you want that item and click it. You could also use the dropdown list, which also has a delete option. Pasting will work between apps as well as within the same document. When you’re ready to close the Clipboard, simply click the X (Close icon) in the pane’s top-right corner.

    How to find the Windows history

    Windows has a similar feature, but you must enable it in one of two ways. First, you can enable the feature through the Windows 10 settings:

    1. Click the Start button and click Settings.
    2. Choose System from the resulting submenu.
    3. In the navigation pane, click Clipboard.
    4. In the Clipboard History section, toggle On by swiping to the right (Figure B). You can swipe to the left to turn the feature Off.

    Figure B

    Or you can press Windows + V. If the feature isn’t enabled, Windows will display the dialog shown in Figure C. Simply click the Turn On button.

    Figure C

    After enabling the history, you can access it at any time by pressing Windows + V. Doing so will display the Windows Clipboard shown in Figure D. Its history won’t be the same as the Office history, but the Office history lets you pin items, so you don’t lose them when you turn off your system.

    Figure D

    How to use it across devices

    The Windows Clipboard history is available between devices because the feature is now cloud-based. To utilize this extra functionality, return to the Settings (Start button), click System, and then choose Clipboard. Figure E shows the Automatically Sync Text That I Copy option in the Sync Across Devices section. Click Get Started, confirm your email address and continue to respond to the prompts. This feature is connected to your Microsoft account, so you’ll want to use the same login credentials for all the devices you want to have access to the same history.

    Figure E

    Microsoft Weekly Newsletter

    Be your company’s Microsoft insider by reading these Windows and Office tips, tricks, and cheat sheets.

    Search Support

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    How secure is the windows clipboard

    where is clipboard when it says “saved to clipboard”. How do i open it?

    • 5 replies
    • 1 has this problem
    • 4997 views
    • Last reply by Enigma

    How do I access “clipboard”? I see no clipboard icons or anything close. Thanks. I’m trying the new screenshot feature.

    Chosen solution

    You’re right : just now I wanted to prove you wrong, but indeed I had to click on ‘Download’ in order to find it in my Downloads folder.

    (Took a screenshot earlier without clicking ‘Downloads’ and found it in my designated folder – guess that was just a ‘lucky shot’)

    All Replies (5)

    The clipboard doesn’t store anything to the hard drive, there is no clipboard location, and it’s not saved anywhere. If you turn off your computer, copy something else, the memory is replaced with the new memory. When you’ve taken a screenshot and clicked ‘Save’, you’ll find it in your designated folder (like e.g. ‘Downloads’)

    Modified October 6, 2017 at 1:12:39 PM PDT by Enigma

    You can paste the image to to image editor. If you want to save the screenshot image then click the Download button and the image wil be saved to the default download folder.

    Where I said in my post :

    When you’ve taken a screenshot and clicked ‘Save’, you’ll find it in your designated folder (like e.g. ‘Downloads’)

    You will see explained in this article :

    ^That is not correct.

    If you click Save then the image is saved to a specific page in internet under a special GUID folder as set in about:config. If you would reset Firefox or reset your preferences then you will probably lose these saved images.

    If you click Download then the image is saved on your computer and you see the Download button getting animated and highlighted.

    Yeah, I know that this can be confusing: download something that isn’t coming from internet and saving is saving to internet. The Firefox developers sometimes are hard to follow.

    Modified October 6, 2017 at 2:41:39 PM PDT by cor-el

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    Load Restore clipboard data from a file (*.cl7). Save Save clipboard data to a file (*.cl7). Clear clipboard Clear the clipboard and redeem the memory. Zoom out, Zoom in Resize the text of the preview area, or resize the image in the preview area. Always on top Specifies that the clipboard viewer should be placed above all non-topmost windows and stay above them even when the window is deactivated.

    Clipboard Formats

    Free Clipboard Viewer lists the available formats for any data that is currently stored on the clipboard. It automatically updates the information displayed as the contents of the clipboard change. You can also view the clipboard contents, size, and description for any format.

    Clipboard formats can be viewed by selecting the required format in the left list.

    Command Line Parameters

    Clipboard Commands

    A user typically carries out clipboard operations by choosing commands from an application’s Edit menu. Following is a brief description of the standard clipboard commands.

    Cut Places a copy of the current selection on the clipboard and deletes the selection from the document. The previous content of the clipboard is destroyed. Copy Places a copy of the current selection on the clipboard. The document remains unchanged. The previous content of the clipboard is destroyed. Paste Replaces the current selection with the content of the clipboard. The content of the clipboard is not changed.

    Standard Clipboard Formats

    The clipboard formats defined by the system are called standard clipboard formats. These clipboard formats are described in the following table.

    Text Text format. Each line ends with a carriage return/linefeed (CR-LF) combination. A null character signals the end of the data. Use this format for ANSI text.
    Unicode Text Format Unicode text format. Each line ends with a carriage return/linefeed (CR-LF) combination. A null character signals the end of the data.
    Rich Text Format Rich Text Format RTF.
    HTML Format HyperText Markup Language Format. HTML is entirely text format (to be, among other things, in the HTML spirit, and uses UTF-8) and includes a description, an optional context, and, within the context, the fragment.
    OEM Text Text format containing characters in the OEM character set. Each line ends with a carriage return/linefeed (CR-LF) combination. A null character signals the end of the data.
    Locale Identifier The data is a handle to the locale identifier associated with text in the clipboard. When you close the clipboard, if it contains CF_TEXT data but no CF_LOCALE data, the system automatically sets the CF_LOCALE format to the current input language.
    Bitmap A handle to a bitmap (HBITMAP).
    Enhanced Metafile A handle to an enhanced metafile (HENHMETAFILE).
    Metafile Picture Format Handle to a metafile picture format as defined by the METAFILEPICT structure.
    Microsoft Symbolic Link Format Microsoft Symbolic Link (SYLK) format.
    Data Interchange Format Software Arts” Data Interchange Format.
    Tagged-image File Format Tagged-image file format.
    Bitmap DIB A memory object containing a BITMAPINFO structure followed by the bitmap bits.
    Bitmap DIBV5 A memory object containing a BITMAPV5HEADER structure followed by the bitmap color space information and the bitmap bits.
    Color Palette Handle to a color palette. Whenever an application places data in the clipboard that depends on or assumes a color palette, it should place the palette on the clipboard as well.
    Data for The Pen Extensions Data for the pen extensions to the Microsoft Windows for Pen Computing.
    Complex Audio Data RIFF Represents audio data more complex than can be represented in a CF_WAVE standard wave format.
    Wave Represents audio data in one of the standard wave formats, such as 11 kHz or 22 kHz Pulse Code Modulation (PCM).
    List of Files A handle to type HDROP that identifies a list of files. An application can retrieve information about the files by passing the handle to the DragQueryFile functions.
    Owner-display Format Owner-display format. The clipboard owner must display and update the clipboard viewer window, and receive the WM_ASKCBFORMATNAME, WM_HSCROLLCLIPBOARD, WM_PAINTCLIPBOARD, WM_SIZECLIPBOARD, and WM_VSCROLLCLIPBOARD messages.
    Text Display Dormat Text display format associated with a private format.
    Bitmap Display Format Bitmap display format associated with a private format.
    Metafile-picture Display Format Metafile-picture display format associated with a private format.
    Enhanced Metafile Display Format Enhanced metafile display format associated with a private format.
    Picture Delphi Picture.
    Component Delphi Component.

    Скачать Бесплатный просмотрщик буфера обмена

    Версия: 4.0
    Дата выпуска: 29.03.2021
    Поддерживаемые операционные системы:
    Microsoft Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7/Vista/XP

    This article describes how to encrypt or decrypt text with PGP Desktop 9.x for Windows.

    If you wish to encrypt the actual text within applications such as Microsoft Word, WordPad, Outlook, you may refer to these instructions to do so. PGP Desktop has two features available for this, the Current Window and Clipboard features. Each is described below.

    Note: To make these processes easier, PGP has added hotkeys for each of these tasks. If you open the PGP Desktop icon and click Options, you can set up hotkeys for both Current Window and Clipboard encryption on the Hot Keys tab.

    Encrypt/Decrypt Text with the “Current Window” Feature

    PGP’s “Current Window” encryption feature allows you to encrypt/decrypt the text of whatever window is the “current window” on your screen at the moment. This feature is accessible by clicking your PGP Desktop icon (gray padlock in system tray). To use the “Current Window” feature to encrypt text, do the following:

    1. Make sure the window–whose body of text you wish to encrypt–is the foremost window on your screen.
    2. Click the PGP Desktop icon in your system tray. (gray padlock)
    3. Point to Current Window.
    4. Click Encrypt or Encrypt & Sign.
    5. If you will be using conventional encryption, check the box labeled Conventional Encryption; otherwise drag the intended recipient(s) to the bottom Recipients window.
    6. If the file may be vulnerable to a TEMPEST attack, check the box labeled Secure Viewer.
    7. Click OK.
    8. If you chose conventional encryption, enter and confirm a passphrase for the file, then click OK. If you chose to sign the file, enter the passphrase for your private key and click OK.

    To use the Current Window feature to decrypt text, do the following:

    1. Make sure the window containing the body of text you wish to decryptis the foremost window on your screen.
    2. Click the PGP Desktop icon in your system tray (gray padlock).
    3. Point to Current Window.
    4. Click Decrypt & Verify.
    5. If your passphrase is cached, the decrypted text will be displayed in the PGP Text Viewer. If necessary, click the Copy to Clipboard button, then paste the decrypted data.
    6. If the passphrase for your private key is not cachedor if the text was encrypted with conventional encryption the Enter Passphrase window will appear (which also shows all the public keys to which the file was encrypted, if applicable).
    7. Enter the passphrase for your private key (or if the text was conventionally encrypted, enter the passphrase chosen by the encrypting user), then click OK. At this point the PGP Text Viewer will appear displaying the decrypted data. If necessary, click the Copy to Clipboard button, then paste the decrypted data.

    Encrypt/Decrypt Text with the Clipboard Feature

    PGP’s Clipboard encryption feature allows you to encrypt/decrypt text which has been copied to the Windows clipboard. Thus when you paste the information from the clipboard, it is pasted as encrypted text. To use the Clipboard feature to encrypt text, do the following:

    1. Copy the text which you desire to encrypt.
    2. Click the PGP Desktop icon in your system tray (gray padlock).
    3. Point to Clipboard.
    4. Click Encrypt or Encrypt & Sign.
    5. If you will be using conventional encryption, check the box labeled Conventional Encryption; otherwise drag the intended recipient(s) to the bottom Recipients window.
    6. If the file may be vulnerable to a TEMPEST attack, check the box labeled Secure Viewer.
    7. Click OK.
    8. If you chose conventional encryption, enter and confirm a passphrase for the file, then click OK. If you chose to sign the file, enter the passphrase for your private key and click OK.
    9. Now paste the contents of the clipboard into a text editor. At this point an encrypted PGP message should be pasted.

    To use the Clipboard feature to decrypt text, do the following:

    1. Copy the text which you desire to decrypt.
    2. Click the PGP Desktop icon in your system tray (gray padlock).
    3. Point to Clipboard.
    4. Click Decrypt & Verify.
    5. If your passphrase is cached, the decrypted text will be copied to the clipboard.
    6. If the passphrase for your private key is not cachedor if the text was encrypted with conventional encryption the Enter Passphrase window will appear (which also shows all the public keys to which the file was encrypted, if applicable). The text will then be copied to the clipboard.
    7. Now paste the contents of the clipboard into a text editor. The pasted text should be in decrypted and readable form.

    Wams, Inc. News February 22, 2019

    The Windows 10 October 2018 Update soups up the Windows Clipboard with new history and syncing features. Here is how to enable and use these features.

    The history feature lets you copy and store multiple items (text and images) on the Clipboard. In the past, you could only store one item at a time. The syncing feature lets you store Clipboard items in the Microsoft cloud so that the items will be available for pasting on all your Windows 10 computers.

    You can take advantage of just one or both of these features. Before you can use them, though, you must have the Windows 10 October 2018 Update installed. You also need to enable each feature.

    How to Enable and Use the History Feature

    To enable the history feature, all you need to do is press Win+V to open up the Clipboard window and select “Turn on”. If you are unfamiliar with keyboard shortcuts, Win+V indicates that you press the Windows key and the letter v on your keyboard at the same time.

    Once enabled, Windows 10 will automatically place the items you copy on the Clipboard. To paste an item that you copied earlier in the day, you just need to open the Clipboard window, find the item, and click it. The most recent items you copied will be at the top of the window.

    You can store up to 25 items on the Clipboard. (Text, HTML, and images are supported.) Each item can be up to 4 megabytes. If you copy numerous items throughout the day, it is important to know that older items are automatically removed. To prevent this, you can pin items, which tells Windows 10 to keep those items on the Clipboard indefinitely.

    To pin an item, you simply open up the Clipboard window, find the clip you want to save, and click the icon that looks like a pushpin. (It will be on the right side of the clip.) If you are going to be shutting down your computer, you also need to pin any items that you want to save. The Clipboard history is cleared every time you restart your machine. Only those items you pinned will remain on the Clipboard.

    How to Enable and Configure the Syncing Feature

    The Clipboard syncing feature comes in handy if you regularly use two (or more) computers, such as a desktop machine when you are in the office and a laptop device when you are on the road. For the syncing feature to work, the Windows 10 October 2018 Update needs to be installed on both machines. Plus, you need to use the same Microsoft account to log in to the computers.

    The syncing feature needs to be enabled and configured. When setting up the feature, you will be given two options:

    • “Automatically sync text that I copy”. This is the default setting. If you keep this setting, all items that you copy will be stored in the Microsoft cloud and synced across your devices.
    • “Never automatically sync text that I copy”. If you select this setting, you need to manually open the Clipboard window and select the content you want to make available across your computers. If you often copy sensitive data, this option might be the best choice.

    To enable and configure the syncing feature, perform these steps on both computers:

    1. Click the Start menu.
    2. Select the gear icon to open the Settings app.
    3. Choose “System”.
    4. Select “Clipboard” in the left pane.
    5. Scroll down to the “Sync across devices” section.
    6. Move the “Sync across devices” slider to “On” to enable the syncing feature.
    7. Choose either the “Automatically sync text that I copy” or “Never automatically sync text that I copy” option.

    Clearing the Clipboard

    At any time, you can clear items from the Clipboard. To remove individual items, open the Clipboard window, find the item you want to delete, and click the “x” icon in the upper right corner.

    If you want to clear the everything except pinned items from the Clipboard, follow these steps:

    1. Click the Start menu.
    2. Select the gear icon to open the Settings app.
    3. Choose “System”.
    4. Select “Clipboard” in the left pane.
    5. Scroll down to the “Clear clipboard data” section.
    6. Click the “Clear” button.

    This will clear the items from the Clipboard window and from the Microsoft cloud. If you want to clear pinned items, you will first need to unpin them.

    If you have any questions about the new Clipboard features or run into issues using it, let us know.

    Working with the clipboard in extensions is transitioning from the Web API document.execCommand method (which is deprecated) to the navigator.clipboard method.

    Note: The navigator.clipboard API is a recent addition to the specification and may not be fully implemented in all browsers. This article describes some limitations, but be sure to review the compatibility tables for each method before using them to ensure that the API supports your needs.

    The difference between the two APIs is that document.execCommand this is analogous to the keyboard copy, cut, and paste actions – exchanging data between a webpage and clipboard – whereas navigator.clipboard writes and reads arbitrary data to and from the clipboard.

    navigator.clipboard provide separate methods to read or write:

    • work with images use browser.clipboard.setImageData() to write images to the clipboard and document.execCommand(“paste”) to paste images to a webpage.
    • write rich content (such as, HTML, rich text including images, etc.) to the clipboard, use document.execCommand(“copy”) or document.execCommand(“cut”) . Then, either navigator.clipboard.read() (recommended) or document.execCommand(“paste”) to read the content from the clipboard.

    Writing to the clipboard

    This section describes the options for writing data to the clipboard.

    Using the Clipboard API

    The Clipboard API writes arbitrary data to the clipboard from your extension. Using the API requires the permission “clipboardRead” or “clipboardWrite” in your manifest.json file. As the API is only available to Secure Contexts, it cannot be used from a content script running on http: -pages, only https: -pages.

    For page scripts, the “clipboard-write” permission needs to be requested using the Web API navigator.permissions . You can check for that permission using navigator.permissions.query() :

    Note: The clipboard-write permission name is not supported in Firefox, only Chromium browsers.

    This function takes a string and writes it to the clipboard:

    Using execCommand()

    The “cut” and “copy” commands of the document.execCommand() method are used to replace the clipboard’s content with the selected material. These commands can be used without any special permission in short-lived event handlers for a user action (for example, a click handler).

    For example, suppose you’ve got a popup that includes the following HTML:

    To make the “copy” button copy the contents of the element, you can use code like this:

    Because the execCommand() call is inside a click event handler, you don’t need any special permissions.

    However, let’s say that instead you trigger the copy from an alarm:

    Depending on the browser, this may not work. On Firefox, it will not work, and you’ll see a message like this in your console:

    document.execCommand(‘cut’/’copy’) was denied because it was not called from inside a short running user-generated event handler.

    To enable this use case, you need to ask for the “clipboardWrite” permission. So: “clipboardWrite” enables you to write to the clipboard outside a short-lived event handler for a user action.

    Note: document.execCommand() does not work on input fields of type=”hidden” , with the HTML5 attribute “hidden” , or any matching CSS rule using “display: none;” . So, to add a “copy to clipboard” button to a span , div , or p tag, you need to use a workaround, such as setting the input’s position to absolute and moving it out of the viewport.

    Browser-specific considerations

    The clipboard and other APIs involved here are evolving rapidly, so there are variations among browsers in how they work.

    • You don’t need “clipboardWrite” , even to write to the clipboard outside a user-generated event handler.

    See the browser compatibility tables for more information.

    Reading from the clipboard

    This section describes the options for reading or pasting data from the clipboard.

    Using the Clipboard API

    The Clipboard API’s navigator.clipboard.readText() and navigator.clipboard.read() methods let you read arbitrary text or binary data from the clipboard in secure contexts. This lets you access the data in the clipboard without pasting it into an editable element.

    Once you have the “clipboard-read” permission from the Permissions API, you can read from the clipboard easily. For example, this snippet of code fetches the text from the clipboard and replaces the contents of the element with the ID “outbox” with that text.

    Using execCommand()

    To use document.execCommand(“paste”) your extension needs the “clipboardRead” permission. This is the case even if you’re using the “paste” command from within a user-generated event handler, such as click or keypress .

    Consider HTML that includes something like this:

    To set the content of the

    element with the ID “output” from the clipboard when the user clicks the “paste” , you can use code like this:

    Browser-specific considerations

    Firefox supports the “clipboardRead” permission from version 54 but only supports pasting into elements in content editable mode, which for content scripts only works with a

    . For background scripts, any element can be set to content editable mode.

    Browser compatibility

    api.Clipboard

    BCD tables only load in the browser

    webextensions.api.clipboard

    BCD tables only load in the browser

    See also

    • Clipboard API
    • Permissions API
    • Making content editable
    • contenteditable

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    Last modified: Jun 21, 2022 , by MDN contributors

    You can’t run Windows 11 on a PC that lacks essential security hardware. That’s a good thing. Less promising is the fact that you can disable these requirements. Don’t do that!

    How secure is the windows clipboard

    Asked why he robbed banks, the notorious Willie Sutton allegedly answered, “Because that’s where the money is.” By the same token, most malware coders hit Windows or Android because that’s where the security holes are. Once Windows 11 achieves wide usage, that may change. Microsoft has taken the bold step of requiring essential security hardware, even though it means some PCs won’t be able to upgrade. With the boot process shielded and cryptographic routines running in protected memory, this Windows edition would seem to be completely invulnerable against a wide range of attacks.

    Just how does this added security work? Microsoft will happily supply endless pages of detailed descriptions. For those who prefer a broader view, here’s a simple rundown of what I learned—and what I found when I installed the new OS. The TL;DR? The new OS may not look like a major update, but when it comes to security, it’s a sea change—unless you deactivate it.

    Installing Windows 11 on a Virtual Machine

    To get started, I needed to install Windows 11. I do almost all testing of security products using virtual machines. That way I can release real-world ransomware without worrying about real-world damage if the antivirus fails its defensive task. It only made sense for me to install Windows 11 in a virtual machine—especially the prerelease version, which is what was a available when I started testing. We’ve covered the basics of how to create a Windows 11 virtual machine, but I found I had to go beyond what our article suggested. The biggest tweaks I had to make involved security.

    My first attempt ended badly. I had barely gotten into the setup process when the installer announced, “This PC doesn’t meet the minimum requirements.” With no further details, that wasn’t very helpful. After several more false starts, I got the bright idea to use the PC Health Check app (Opens in a new window) on an existing virtual machine. The verdict was clear and simple. In their default configuration, my virtual machines don’t support Secure Boot and don’t have a (virtual) Trusted Platform Module (TPM).

    I took another run at the problem, choosing to create a virtual machine with custom settings. This let me choose UEFI firmware with Secure Boot, a good start. In the last step, customizing hardware, I tried to add a TPM. The VMware screen explained, “The virtual machine must be encrypted and using UEFI firmware.” I gave installation a try but encountered the same warning about not meeting the requirements.

    After some more flailing, I started examining every virtual machine setting, looking for something about encryption. And I found it, “Access Control: Not encrypted.” I clicked to encrypt the disk and nearly whooped with excitement to see that I could now add a virtual TPM 2.0 chip. After that, the installation proceeded without a hitch.

    The lesson was clear. Windows 11 is all about security. It requires a PC that’s capable of Secure Boot, which prevents malware from attacking the boot process. You don’t have to enable Secure Boot, at least not at present, but the PC must support it. And your PC must have a TPM chip to manage cryptographic keys and protect your PC’s operating system and firmware. Without that core of security, you’re stuck on Windows 10 (which Microsoft continues to support).

    What the Heck Is a TPM?

    The concept of a Trusted Platform Module for added security goes back 20 years, and PCs have had them since 2005. Microsoft’s BitLocker whole-drive encryption system relies on the TPM to manage and protect its cryptographic keys. The oh-so-handy Windows Hello face recognition login system also makes use of TPM support. Microsoft’s documentation advises that any modern PC probably has a TPM, and that PCs less than five years old most likely have the latest version, TPM 2.0.

    If you dig into your PC’s settings to Security Processor details, you’ll see status indicators for Attestation and Storage (both should say “Ready”). Each TPM includes highly secure storage for cryptographic keys, among other things. Attestation refers to the fact that the TPM can create a snapshot of your system’s hardware and software configuration and verify (when requested) that there’s been no tampering. Since every TPM has a unique and unchangeable key, it can be used to authenticate the PC in which it resides.

    Software-based random-number algorithms can be hacked; the hardware-based random generator inside a TPM isn’t vulnerable. Storing cryptographic functions within the TPM rather than implementing them in software likewise protects them from hacking. When a TPM is available, Chrome, Firefox, and Outlook all make use of it for certain encryption tasks.

    In short, a TPM is a security powerhouse. It validates hardware and software components, so nobody can tamper with your PC. It stores important cryptographic keys. And it supplies ultra-secure cryptographic functions to Windows and to applications. If you want to know still more, check out this TPM deep dive by PCMag’s Tom Brant.

    And Then Microsoft Caved

    Apple’s operating systems have security baked in from the very start, with iOS even more locked down than macOS. Windows, on the other hand, is still in the process of locking down endless system vulnerabilities. By requiring Secure Boot and a TPM 2.0 chip, Windows 11 totally neutralizes a whole class of malware attacks, attacks that gain total control over the computer by subverting the Windows boot process or getting into the system before bootup. Sure, some older PCs get left behind, but Microsoft will maintain Windows 10 for them. It’s a big step in the direction of being Apple-level secure.

    And then Microsoft poked a big hole in the new wall of boot-time security. Right on the Microsoft site, there’s now an explanation of how to bypass the Windows 11 installation check for TPM 2.0 and for a sufficiently advanced processor. It’s a simple Registry tweak. Some have commented on the dire warnings that “Serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly.” But Microsoft adds this disclaimer in any support article that involved tweaking the Registry.

    By Marcus Tettmar | Submitted On October 27, 2010

    What is the Windows Clipboard?

    The Windows Clipboard is like a scratch pad available to Windows and all running applications. It allows pieces of information to be temporarily stored and then retrieved later by another application. Say you’re writing a report and you see a bit of text on a website that you want to include in your report. You can copy that piece of text to the Windows Clipboard and then when you’re ready paste it into your document.

    Many people use the Windows Clipboard all the time without even realising it. The Clipboard is where stuff goes when you select Edit/Copy, press CTRL-C, or right click and select Copy from the pop up context sensitive menu. When you Cut you’re also putting that data on the Windows Clipboard. The difference is that the data is also deleted from the source document.

    Windows Clipboard Problems

    The Windows Clipboard has a few shortfalls:

    • Only one item stored at a time
    • Each new copy replaces the last
    • Clips are not remembered between sessions
    • You can’t easily preview data in the Windows Clipboard

    If you are doing lots of copying and pasting – which is pretty much anybody using a PC regularly – these short falls will be slowing you down. Transferring information between screens becomes laborious and when you realise you need to paste that text you copied three captures ago and it’s now been obliterated by the last item, you have to go back and copy it again!

    Recent versions of Microsoft Office have improved things a little by keeping track of a number of clips so that you can paste any one of them. But this only works with Microsoft Office apps. What about all the other applications you use?

    Clipboard Extenders / Clipboard Managers

    Software called Clipboard Extenders or Clipboard Managers – like ClipMagic – overcome all these problems, and more. These listen to the Windows Clipboard all the time, constantly storing and indexing information that you copy and add to the clipboard. Some of them also provide powerful, easy to use, features to help you retrieve clips and paste them into your document quickly. The most flexible clipboard managers allow you to categorize your clips and even create rules and filters to have those clips automatically stored in the appropriate folders – just like your email rules which store incoming emails based on predefined criteria.

    This means that with a universal clipboard extender you can improve your productivity no end. It makes producing large documents easier and more fun. It lets you create boiler-plate text and assign them to hotkeys to make adding them to your reports and emails super fast. You can quickly grab useful pieces of information that you see in e-books, documents and web sites just by pressing CTRL-C. And when you need to retrieve the source document later just press the launch button.

    Who can Benefit from a Clipboard Extender?

    Anyone who uses a computer regularly will be using the clipboard, even if they’ve never thought about it. So everyone will benefit. But hardcore clipboard junkies will include:

    • Writers / Journalists
    • Programmers
    • Researchers and Students
    • Data Entry Clerks
    • Information Workers
    • Form Fillers

    If you’re not sure how much you use the clipboard you might be surprised. Download a clipboard extender and take a look at it at the end of your working day to see how many pieces of information were copied. I think you’ll be amazed.

    By Dan Frank | Submitted On March 20, 2009

    Very often we use copy and paste commands while working on credit card numbers, passwords, secure information and other important files and this information should not be seen by other people as it may cause problems. But this Clipboard data can be seen easily by anybody using the system used by you or the Websites you might have visited.

    Why Clipboard data should be erased?

    As mentioned above, this Clipboard data contains critical data that you might have used with copy/paste option and when the other person uses the computer you have used, then he will come to know all the personal details of yours and might cause problem. So this is the main reason why clipboard data has to be cleared before leaving the computer you have used. By using clear history option you can erase all the details.

    Clearing Clipboard using “clear all history” option

    On the desktop icon, double click on “clear all history” option

    In the toolbar click on “tools”

    Select what has to be cleared- widows history item

    Check out “clear clipboard option”

    At last click on “apply” button.

    Clearing Clipboard automatically

    Click on “clear all history” in the desktop icon

    In the toolbar select the “tools” option

    In the tools, select “settings”

    Next to “the Clear selected items on program start” or in the program exit, click on “clear selected items” put check mark and click on apply button

    Select what has to be cleared- windows history item

    Dim hMem As Long, pMem As Long

    hMem = GlobalAlloc(FOR_CLIPBOARD, LenB(sText))
    pMem = GlobalLock(hMem)
    CopyMemory ByVal pMem, ByVal sText, LenB(sText)
    GlobalUnlock hMem

    If OpenClipboard(Me.hwnd) = 0 Then
    MsgBox “Clipboard opened by another application.”
    Else
    EmptyClipboard
    SetClipboardData CF_TEXT, hMem
    CloseClipboard
    End If

    Dim hMem As Long, pMem As Long
    Dim lMemSize As Long
    Dim sText As String

    ‘ Open clipboard
    If OpenClipboard(Me.hwnd) = 0 Then
    MsgBox “Clipboard open by another application.”, vbExclamation
    Else
    hMem = GetClipboardData(CF_TEXT)
    ‘ If no text, close clipboard and exit
    If hMem = 0 Then
    CloseClipboard
    MsgBox “No text on clipboard”, vbInformation
    Exit Function
    Else
    ‘ Get memory pointer
    pMem = GlobalLock(hMem)
    ‘ Get size of memory
    lMemSize = GlobalSize(hMem)
    ‘ Allocate local string
    sText = String$(lMemSize, 0)
    ‘ Copy clipboard text
    CopyMemory ByVal sText, ByVal pMem, lMemSize
    ‘ Unlock clipboard memory
    GlobalUnlock hMem
    ‘ Close clipboard
    CloseClipboard
    ‘ Return text
    PasteTextFromClipboard = Trim0(sText)
    End If
    End If

    Dim hnd As Long

    ‘ Subclass command button
    Subclass
    If Not bIsSubclassed Then
    MsgBox “Subclass failed”, vbCritical
    Exit Sub
    End If

    ‘ Install button as clipboard viewer
    hNextViewer = SetClipboardViewer(lstItems.hwnd)

    ChangeClipboardChain lstItems.hwnd, hNextViewer
    RemoveSubclass

    Dim sItem As String

    Select Case iMsg

    ‘ Get clipboard text and put it into text box
    sItem = PasteTextFromClipboard
    If sItem <> ” ” Then frmClipViewer.txtCurrent = sItem
    If sItem <> ” ” And bAddToList Then
    ‘ Add item to listbox
    cItems = cItems + 1
    frmClipViewer.lstItems.AddItem sItem, 0
    ‘ If exceeded maximum, remove last item
    If cItems > MAX_ITEMS Then
    frmClipViewer.lstItems.RemoveItem MAX_ITEMS – 1
    cItems = cItems – 1
    End If
    ‘ Select item
    If frmClipViewer.lstItems.ListCount >= 1 Then
    frmClipViewer.lstItems.Selected(0) = True
    End If
    ‘ Update label
    frmClipViewer.lblItemCount = cItems & ” items”
    End If

    ‘ Send message to next clipboard viewer
    If hNextViewer <> 0 Then
    SendMessage hNextViewer, WM_DRAWCLIPBOARD, wParam, lParam
    End If

    End Select
    ‘ Call original window procedure
    WindowProc = CallWindowProc(hPrevWndProc, hwnd, iMsg, wParam, lParam)