Bryan has worked in journalism and publishing for more than 15 years. For the last 10 years, he’s covered the technology beat, including gadgets, social media, security, and web culture. Before working as a freelancer, Bryan was the Managing Editor for The Next Web. These days he spends his time at a number of publications, both online and off, including The New York Times, Popular Science, and The Next Web, among others. Read more.
Exponents are simply repeated multiplications. For example, four to the third power (4³) isn’t 4 x 3, it’s 4 x 4 x 4, which equals a total of 64. If that sounds complicated, fear not; Excel can do the heavy lifting for you!
How to Display Exponents in Excel
Before we learn how to use exponents, we’ll start with a quick example of how to type them in Excel. In this case, we’ll need to employ the Superscript function, so we can display the exponent.
To do this, rightclick an empty cell, and then select “Format Cells” from the menu.
Under “Category:” on the left, select “Text,” and then click “OK.”
In the same cell, type both the base number and exponent without any spaces between them. In our example, we’re going to find 10³ (10 x 10 x 10). Our base number is 10 and three is the exponent.
Next, highlight your exponent; in our example, it’s the three.
Rightclick the cell again, and then choose “Format Cells.”
Select the checkbox next to “Superscript” in the “Effects” section, and then click “OK.” Press Enter or click in any other cell to complete the process.
How to Use Exponents in the Formula Bar
You can also use exponents in the Excel Formula bar. To do so, click the empty cell where you’d like to display the result of a calculation.
You plug your exponent into the following formula: “=Power(number,power).” We’ll use 10⁴ for our example, so we type “=Power(10,4)” (without the quotation marks) in the formula bar.
To execute the formula, press Enter or click the checkmark to the left of the formula bar.
How to Use Exponents in an Individual Cell
If you want to perform the calculation inside a cell, you can skip the formula bar entirely and use a bit of Excel shorthand, instead.
To find 10⁵, for example, you could type “=10^5” (again, without the quotation marks), and then press Enter.
Regardless of how you get there, the answer will be the same. If you’re short on time, finding the solution to an exponent in Excel is a quick alternative to manual calculations.
By Indeed Editorial Team
Published November 2, 2021
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Many careers rely on mathematical operations, such as exponents, in their daily work. Performing these operations automatically instead of manually can save you time. Spreadsheet software like Excel can make it easy to calculate and work with exponents, whether for work or personal projects. In this article, we discuss the use of exponents in Excel, including several methods you can use to implement them.
What are exponents?
Exponents are a mathematical operation in which you multiply a number by itself. The exponent is the number of times you wish to perform this calculation. For example, an exponent of two on the number 10 is the same as multiplying 10 by 10, while an exponent of three is the same as multiplying 10 by 10 by 10. In mathematical notation, people write exponents as a superscript number to the right of the number being multiplied, such as 102.
There are many examples of when you might use exponents in an Excel sheet. For example, a marketer may wish to model the potential reach of their social media campaign. If each person tells three other people about the product, that is exponential growth. Another example is investors who may want to calculate their likely earnings based on compound interest.
How to use exponents in Excel
There are a few methods you can use to display or calculate exponents in Excel, including:
Displaying exponents in cells
Sometimes, you may wish to display a number with its exponent rather than calculate it. For example, an investor wants to list the compound interest they’re getting next to its calculation to make it easier to read a report. Follow these steps to do so:
1. Select your cell
First, select the empty cell where you want your information to appear. Then, rightclick on this cell and select “Format Cells.” In the menu that appears, select “Text” in the “Category” section. This tells Excel the cell contains text rather than a number to operate on.
2. Enter your numbers
Type the number and its exponent in the cell, with no space between them. For example, if you want the number 11 with an exponent of two, you type “112.” Next, inside the cell, highlight just your exponent, the “2.”
3. Format your numbers
Rightclick and select “Format Cells.” This time, click the box next to “Superscript” under the “Effects” menu. Once you hit “OK,” your exponent should appear correctly next to its base number.
Using the exponent character
To calculate exponents in Excel, your first option is to use the exponent character. The exponent character is the “^” symbol. If you want to type a mathematical formula using an exponent, such as a base number of 10 and an exponent of two, type “10^2.” Here are the steps you can follow to calculate exponents:
1. Select an empty cell
To use this symbol in Excel, click on the empty cell where you want the result. Then type in the equals sign, which tells Excel you’re using a formula in this cell. Without the equals sign, your formula would display as plain text in the file instead of performing the function you want.
2. Enter your data
After this, type in your base number, followed by the exponent character and the exponent. For example, your formula may read as “=10^2” without the quotes. Once you press your Enter key or click on another cell, Excel automatically performs the operation for you, and the result appears in the cell.
Using the POWER() function
Another way to calculate exponents is with Excel’s builtin POWER() function. Here are the steps to follow:
1. Start your function
To use the POWER() function, click on an empty cell. Then type the equal sign to tell Excel you’re using a function. Next, type in “POWER()” to begin the function.
2. Enter your numbers
Inside the parentheses, type your base number, followed by a comma, then the exponent. For example, your formula may be “=POWER(10,2).” Pressing enter or moving to another cell runs the function and outputs the result in your cell.
Tips for using exponents in Excel
Below are some tips to make it easier to use exponents in Excel:
Use cell references
When using exponents in Excel, you can use cell references instead of numbers. Cell references are the addresses of cells in your spreadsheet that contain data. For example, rather than typing in 10 and two, you might have them stored in cells A1 and B1, respectively. To use the exponent character with cell references, type “=A1^B1” in an empty cell instead of the numbers.
You also can use cell references in the POWER() function by using the cell addresses of your information inside the parentheses rather than numbers. For example, “=POWER(A1,B1).” The benefit of using cell references is your formula updates if you change the information in your sheet, which can become helpful if you have a lot of formulas or data to work with.
Apply your formula to multiple cells or an entire column
Once you have a formula in a cell, it’s easy to apply that formula to cells underneath it or next to it. Start by selecting the cell with your formula in it. Then, move your mouse to the lowerright corner of that cell. When you do, your cursor changes into a black cross. You can either click and drag down, highlighting all the cells you want to apply the formula to, or double click to apply it to the entire column. You can also drag your cursor to the right or left to apply the formula to a row.
When doing this, Excel automatically updates any cell references within your formula. For example, if your data is in cells A1 and B1, with the formula in C1, applying the formula to cell C2 updates the formula to include references to cells A2 and B2. If you do not want this to happen, you can use the “$” symbol in front of the characters you do not want to change. For example, “$A2” tells Excel to not adjust the column heading, while “$A$1” tells it not to adjust both the column and row headings.
Use parentheses for nested exponents
You may come across a scenario where you want to use multiple exponents. For example, you may want to find the result of 3^4, raised to the second power. To do this in Excel, you can use parentheses. Your first option is to use a nested POWER() function. In this example, your formula would read “=POWER(POWER(3,4),2).” Through the use of parentheses, you can use the POWER() function inside another POWER() function to achieve your result.
You can do this same thing with the exponent character. Using the same example, your formula would read “=(3^4)^2.” Excel calculates anything inside parentheses first, then calculates anything outside it. In this formula, it first calculates “3^4” to get 81, then takes that result and calculates it as “81^2.”
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The Scientific format displays a number in exponential notation, replacing part of the number with E+ n, in which E (exponent) multiplies the preceding number by 10 to the nth power. For example, a 2decimal scientific format displays 12345678901 as 1.23E+10, which is 1.23 times 10 to the 10th power.
Follow these steps to apply the scientific format to a number.
Select the cells that you want to format. For more information, see Select cells, ranges, rows, or columns on a worksheet.
Tip: To cancel a selection of cells, click any cell on the worksheet.
On the Home tab, click the small More button next to Number.
In the Category list, click Scientific.
Using the small arrows, specify the Decimal places that you want to display.
Tip: The number that is in the active cell of the selection on the worksheet appears in the Sample box so that you can preview the number formatting options that you select.
Also, remember that:
To quickly format a number in scientific notation, click Scientific in the Number Format box ( Home tab, Number group). The default for scientific notation is two decimal places.
A number format does not affect the actual cell value that Excel uses to perform calculations. The actual value can be seen in the formula bar.
The maximum limit for number precision is 15 digits, so the actual value shown in the formula bar may change for large numbers (more than 15 digits).
To reset the number format, click General in the Number Format box ( Home tab, Number group). Cells that are formatted with the General format do not use a specific number format. However, the General format does use exponential notation for large numbers (12 or more digits). To remove the exponential notation from large numbers, you can apply a different number format, such as Number.
Exponents are simply repeated multiplications. To the example, four to the power of three (4³) is not 4 x 3, but 4 x 4 x 4, so a total of 64. If that sounds complicated, don’t worry; Excel can do the heavy lifting for you!
How to display exponents in Excel
Before we learn how to use exponents, let’s start with a short one example how to type them in Excel. In this case we need to use the Superscript function so that we can display the exponent.
To do this, right click on an empty cell and then select “Format Cells” from the menu.
Under Category: on the left, select Text, then click OK.
In the same cell, enter both the base number and the exponent with no spaces between them. In our example, we find 10³ (10 x 10 x 10). Our base number is 10 and three is the exponent.
Next, highlight your exponent; in our example, it’s the three.
Rightclick the cell again, then choose Format Cells.
In the Effects section, select the check box next to Superscript, then click OK. Press Enter or click in another cell to complete the process.
How to Use Exponents in the Formula Bar
You can also use exponents in the Excel Formula bar. To do this, click on the empty cell in which you want to display the result of a calculation.
You put your exponent in the following formula: “= Power (number, power).” We use 10⁴ for ours example, so we put “= Power (10,4)” (without the quotes) in the formula bar.
To run the formula, press Enter or click the check mark to the left of the formula bar.
How to use exponents in a single cell
If you want to do the calculation within a cell, you can skip the formula bar entirely and use it a little Excel instead, shorthand.
To find 10⁵ for example, you could type “= 10 ^ 5” (again without the quotation marks) and then press Enter.
Regardless of how you get there, the answer will be the same. If you’re short on time, find the answer to an exponent in Excel is a quick alternative to manual calculations.
This article will first introduce you to the scientific number system and number precision definition. Then you will know about the highest and lowest number limitations in Excel. At the end of the article, I have narrated how you can turn off / stop auto scientific notation in Excel.
Disclaimer: “Turn off scientific notation in Excel” – with this phrase I actually don’t mean I am going to TURN OFF the scientific notation in Excel. I am actually changing the way the numbers are displayed in Excel cells. (Thanks to Mark and Helen for pointing this out)
Let’s start today’s post thinking about a few questions. How big a number can Excel handle? Or how many types? Or with what precision can it report statistics to its users.
First, we will discuss a few examples of these situations:
How Scientific Notation Works
Sometimes, especially while using a calculator, you may end up with a very long number. For example, you have a very large number like this: 1234567894578215153456789, this number has 25 digits. Or you may face a small number like this: 0.12345621345722156652231
To use these types of numbers conveniently, you can express them in scientific notation.
Let’s take a smaller number; in scientific notation, 7245 becomes 7.245E+3;
How? The decimal point moved 3 digits left. So, the scientific notation is 7.245E+3, +3 as the decimal point has moved left.
So, you will express the movement with an E.
In scientific notation 183857.419 becomes 1.83857419E+5 as for this number, the decimal point has moved 5 digits left.
In scientific notation, this small number, 0.00007245 becomes 7.245E5. As the decimal point has moved 5 digits right. In the same way, number 0.0000000625431 will become 6.25431E8, as the decimal point has moved 8 digits right.
What is Number Precision?
Now let’s discuss number precision. The precision of a number is how many digits of a number are shown.
Considering the same numbers 7.245E+3 number’s precision is 4 as it is showing that many digits.
1.83857419E+5 number’s precision is 9; as it’s showing 9 digits.
7.245E5 number’s precision is 4 as it has 4 digits.
And lastly, 6.25431E8 number’s precision is 6 as it is showing that many digits.
What can Excel handle
#Highest and Lowest Number Limits in Excel 2013 & 2016
The largest positive number that you can store in a worksheet cell is 9.9E+307.
It is 99 then three hundred and six zeros. It is an extraordinarily large number, of course.
The smallest negative number you can store in a worksheet cell is 9.9E307. It is minus zero point three hundred and six zeros, and then 99.
Click on the image to get a full view.
#Numbr Precision in Excel
Excel’s numbers are precise up to 15 digits.
If you enter a number that has more than 15 digits, the digits after 15 will be converted to Zeros. For example, enter number 1234, 56789, 1234, 56789 in a worksheet cell and look at the Formula bar (don’t hit enter yet).
There are 18 digits of this number.
When I hit enter, the number gets converted to scientific notation. You can see how Excel understood it by looking at the formula bar. There are 15 digits intact but the last 3 digits are converted to zeros.
Here is another number 20 digits long this time.
To see how the number is saved, select the cell. You see, the first 15 digits are intact again and the rest 5 digits are transferred to zeros.
So, if you save a number that has more than 15 digits, then remember that the result based on this number will not be as accurate as you may expect. This precision may seem quite limiting, but in practice, it rarely causes any problem.
Turn off scientific notation in Excel
So, Excel automatically turns a number in scientific notation if the cell width is not sufficient for the number.
Sometimes, you might want to stop this auto converting of numbers into scientific notation.
How can you do that?
Simply select the cell where the scientifically noted number sits. And format the cell with Number format.
If you format a cell with the Number format from the Number format dropdown, then by default you will get two places after the decimal point.
To avoid the decimal places, you can use the Format Cells dialog box. Select Number option from the left window, and on the right window, make the decimal places to zero.
So, this was number theory folks, stay tuned for some more Excellence.
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When you are typing a document, there are times when you will have to type an exponent as per your requirement. An exponent is a mathematical expression whereby you raise a certain value to a power of a variable or number.
The use of exponents is quite common in typing business documents, mathematical papers as well as scientific journals. But how to type an exponent on a computer while preparing your document?
You must have figured out that no keyboard comes with a shortcut to type an exponent symbol instantly. That is why you will need to know the correct key combination that you can use on the word processor you are using to type your document.
Exponents are commonly referred to as superscripts in word processing applications. In this article, we will illustrate how to type an exponent symbol on a computer in simple steps.
How To Type Exponents On A Computer?
There are several methods available by which you can type an exponent symbol on your document. We are providing all the possible methods and you can choose anyone based on your preference.
1. Using the Exponent Symbol Alt Keyboard Code (Windows Only)
Since keyboards do not have readymade shortcut keys to type exponents, Windows has come up with Alt Code. You have to press the ALT key on your keyboard and type certain numeric keys in succession to get the required exponent symbol.
For example, if you want to type X² (2 raised to the power of X), you have to press and hold the ALT key and type 0178 on the numeric keypad. Therefore, ALT+0178 is the Alt code for the type an exponent symbol of 2. Here is the complete list of ALT codes for different exponent symbols.
You have to type these ALT codes exactly in the order we have mentioned. For example, to type Superscript 0 or Exponent 0, you have to type 2070 on MS Word and then press and hold the ALT key and type X to change it to exponent 0. You can use this list of key combinations of ALT code to type an exponent symbols as per your requirements.
Points To Note:
 You have to type the numbers in the shortcut from the numeric keypad of your keyboard which is generally located on the right side of the keyboard.
 If you type the numbers from the numeric keys located above the alphabet keys, the alt code won’t work.
 If you are using laptops, you have to hold the Function key along with the ALT key for the key combination to work.
 These alt codes will only work on Windows and that too with regular word processing applications such as Notepad, Wordpad, and Microsoft Office.
2. Using the Exponent Symbol Shortcut Superscript (Mac Only)
The ALT code we have mentioned in the previous section will not work on Mac. However, considering the problem users face to type exponents, Apple has come up with a method that makes typing exponent symbols very easy on Mac.
You have to first type the number that you want to raise to the power and press ControlCommandShift+ all of them together.
For example, if you want to type X² (2 raised to the power of X), you have to type “X2” and make sure that the mouse cursor is blinking at the end of 2. Thereafter, you have to press ControlCommandShift+ keys together and you will find 2 going to the power of X immediately.
Therefore, there are no separate keys to use for different exponents. You can raise any number or alphabet using the same method we have mentioned on your Mac.
3. How To Type An Exponent On A Computer Using Copy and Paste Method
The easiest way to type any exponent on a computer on any software is by copying the exponent symbols from the internet or any document and pasting it wherever you need to. You do not need to memorize any ALT code or press multiple key combinations to get the desired exponent symbols.
From The Internet – If you have an internet connection, you can just search for the exponent expression and copy it directly. For example, you can go to Google and search “exponent symbol 3” and it will show you superscript 3.
Just select and copy the superscript using Ctrl+C and paste it on your document wherever you need it by pressing Ctrl+V.
From Software – If you do not have an active internet connection, you can use Character Map app on Microsoft Windows to copy the character you need.
1. Go to Start menu and search for Character Map app.
2. Open the app and you will find superscripts 2 and 3 which are mostly used.
3. Click on Advanced View and search for “superscript” and press Enter key.
4. Select the required superscript and click on Select button.
5. From Character To Copy, select the subscript and press Ctrl+C to copy it.
6. Go to your document where you want to paste it and press Ctrl+V.
For Mac users, you can check Character Viewer app and search for superscript to copy and paste the text symbol on your document.
4. How To Type Exponents In Microsoft Office (Word or Excel) By Inserting Symbols?
If you are using Microsoft Office applications such as Word or Excel, you can get exponents directly from its symbol library. Here are the steps to insert any exponent symbol on Microsoft Office applications.
1. Place the mouse cursor on the document where you want to insert the subscript.
2. Go to Insert tab and click on Symbols option.
3. From Subset, go to Superscripts and Subscripts.
4. Select the superscript you want to insert and click on Insert button.
FAQs
How To Type Exponents on Windows 10?
Windows users can use ALT codes to type any exponent on any word processing application. Besides, you can use Character Map app to copy and paste exponents wherever you need.
How To Type Exponents on Mac?
Mac users can use ControlCommandShift+ to raise any number to the power of any variable or number. You can also use Character Viewer app to get the exponents.
How To Type Power of 2 On Keyboard?
Windows users can use Alt+0178 to type power of 2. Mac Users can type 2 and then press ControlCommandShift+ key combination to raise it to the power.
In Excel, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division is the basic calculation, maybe you can quickly and easily apply them. But sometimes, you will need to do exponential calculation to a range of cells, how can you apply exponential calculation in Excel?
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Apply exponential calculation to a range of cells with Power function
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Save 50% of your time, and reduce thousands of mouse clicks for you every day!
In Excel, the Power function returns the result of a number raised to a given power.
The syntax for the Power function is: Power (number, power) , number is a base number, power is the exponent used to raise the base number to.
For example, Power (10, 2), the number 10 is the base and the number 2 is the exponent. The calculating result is 100.
Now, I have a range numbers (A1:A15), and I want to get these numbers of 3 power.
You can use this function with the following steps:
1. In adjacent blank cell C1, enter this formula: =Power (A1, 3) , see screenshot:
2. Then tap Enter key, and select cell C1, then drag the fill handle over to C10. You will get the following results:
3. As they are formulas, when you need copy them to other cells, please paste as values.
Apply exponential calculation to a range of cells with the symbol ^
As we can find the relevant +, , *, / symbol on the keyboard, also we can use the symbol ^ to apply the exponential calculations. Such as 10^2, it stands for 10 to the power of 2. And the calculating result is 100. So we can use this way as follows:
1. In adjacent blank cell C1, enter this formula: = A1^3 , see screenshot:
2. Then tap Enter key, and select cell C1, then drag the fill handle over to C10. You will get the following results:
3. As they are formulas, when you need copy them to other cells, please paste as values.
Apply exponential calculation to a range of cells with Kutools for Excel
If you are an Excel novice, neither knowing the Power function nor applying the symbol ^, what else method can solve this task?
The Operation Tools of Kutools for Excel can help you to solve this problem quickly and easily.
Kutools for Excel: with more than 300 handy Excel addins, free to try with no limitation in 30 days. Get it Now
After installing Kutools for Excel, Please do as follows:
1. Highlight the range you want to do the exponential calculation.
2. Click Kutools > More > Operation Tools, see screenshot:
3. In the Operation Tools dialog box, select Exponentiation from Operation, and insert 3 in the Operand box, and you can see the results from the Preview Pane. See screenshot:
4. Then click OK or Apply, You will get the results of these numbers’3 power immediately.
Note: If you want to create formulas as well, you can check Create formulas option. If the selected cells include formulas, and you don’t want to do the exponential calculation to the calculated results of formulas, please check Skip formula cells option.
This page is an advertisersupported excerpt of the book, Power Excel 20102013 from MrExcel – 567 Excel Mysteries Solved. If you like this topic, please consider buying the entire ebook.
Problem: I have a room that is 10 feet x 10 feet x 10 feet. How do I find the volume of the cube?
Strategy: The formula for volume is width x length x height. In this case, it is 10 x 10 x 10, or 10 3 . In Excel, the caret symbol (also known as “the little hat,” or “the symbol when you press Shift 6″) is used to indicate exponents. Here’s how you use it to find the volume of your room:
 In cell B2, enter 10.
 In cell B3, enter the formula =B2^3.
The result will be 1,000 cubic feet of volume in the room.
 The caret raises a number to a power.
For more resources for Microsoft Excel
 Microsoft Excel 2019 VBA and Macros
 MrExcel 2021 – Unmasking Excel
 Power Excel With MrExcel – 2019 Edition
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By Madhuri Thakur
Excel Exponential Smoothing (Table of Contents)
Exponential Smoothing in Excel
Exponential Smoothing in Excel is an inbuilt smoothing method used for Forecasting, Smoothing the data, trend projection. To access, Exponential Smoothing in Excel, go to the Data menu tab and, from the Data Analysis option, choose Exponential Smoothing. Select the input range which we want to smooth and then choose the dumping factor, which should be between 0 and 1 (1 – α) and then select the output range cell. This will smoothen the select input range number by the percentage of dumping factor we choose.
Excel functions, formula, charts, formatting creating excel dashboard & others
Where is the Exponential Smoothing found in Excel?
It is found under Analysis ToolPak in Excel. The Analysis ToolPak is a Microsoft Excel data analysis addin. This addin is not loaded automatically on excel. Before using this first, we need to load it.
Steps to load the Analysis ToolPak addin:
We need to add this feature in Excel for analyzing business by using Excel AddIns. To add this feature in Excel, follow the below steps:
 Go to the FILE tab. Click on the OPTIONS tab in the left pane window. Refer to the below screenshot.
 It will open a dialog box for Excel Options. Click on the AddIns tab, as shown in the below screenshot.
 It will again display some options.
 Select the Excel AddIns options under Manage Box and click on the Go button as shown in the below screenshot. (However, Excel AddIns is by default selected)
 It will open an AddIns dialog box.
 Tick on the Analysis Toolpak checkbox and then click on OK, as shown in the below screenshot.
 The above steps will add the Data Analysis section for statistical analysis under the DATA tab.
How to Use Exponential Smoothing in Excel?
Exponential Smoothing in Excel is very simple and easy to use. Let’s understand the working of forecasting Exponential Smoothing in Excel with some examples.
Exponential Smoothing Forecasting – Example #1
Below we have given a monthwise price list.
We have assigned the number to the month period. For Exponential Smoothing to this time series data, follow the below steps:
 Go to the Data tab. Click on the Data Analysis option under the Analysis section, as shown in the below screenshot.
 It will open a dialog box Data Analysis options.
 Click on the Exponential Smoothing option from the list of options and then click on OK as shown below.
 A dialog box appears for the Exponential Smoothing method.
 Under the Input Range box select, the Price values range from C4:C15.
 In the Damping Factor box, enter the value 0.9. This 0.9 is called the damping factor, which is equal to the 1 α. Here α (alpha) is the smoothing factor.
 Under the Output Range box, select the cell where you want to see the result. Refer to the below screenshot.
 Tick on Chart Output box for displaying the values in the chart and then click on OK.
 It will insert the damping values in the E column with the Exponential Smoothing chart, as shown in the below screenshot.
Explanation:
 Here α=0.1, the previous data point is given a relatively small weight, whereas the previous smoothed value is given a large weight (0.9).
 The above graph is showing an increasing trend in the data points.
 The graph doesn’t calculate the smoothed value for the first data point because there is no data point before that.
Exponential Smoothing Forecasting – Example #2
Let’s consider α=0.2 for the abovegiven data values so enter the value 0.8 in the Damping Factor box and again repeat the Exponential Smoothing method.
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How to change from exponential to number format in Excel – Advanced
Welcome, this is a followon video to an earlier presentation with solving exponential number format problems with numerical cells, especially when dealing with Excel csv file formats.
Our example source data is unable to present the full serial number; instead it is showing these cells in an exponential number format type.
Further, our serial numbers vary in length, which is proven when we apply the LEN Excel function. The previous solution won’t necessarily work because of this fluctuating length with the serial numbers.
Thus, we need a solution like this.
Again apply the TEXT function, but in the format_text format employ the REPT Excel function. The text syntax will be “#”, whilst for the number_times syntax we will apply the LEN Excel function to the underlying cell address of the serial number.
To prove it is working, fill this formula down the page.
We can clearly see this advanced Excel function formula is able to handle varying serial number lengths.
The case study workbook can be downloaded here.
Download Spreadsheet Vault SpreadsheetVault – Scientific (exponential) notation to number format – advanced (solution).csv
Generally speaking, when you enter the number which length is longer than 11 digits, Excel will convert it to scientific notation automatically. And these scientific notations are very annoying, so you want to convert them to normal numbers as left screenshots shown. How could you solve this task in Excel?
With Kutools for Excel‘s Convert Between Text and Number feature, you can quickly convert all selected numbers to text format values and vice versa.
Kutools for Excel: with more than 200 handy Excel addins, free to try with no limitation in 60 days. Download and free trial Now!
Convert scientific notation to text with adding single quote before the number
Before you enter the numbers, you can type a single quote ’ first, and the numbers will not become the scientific notation, see the following screenshots:
Convert scientific notation to text with Format Cells function
If you have a lot of numbers which are displayed as the scientific notation, and you are tired of entering them repeatedly with the above method, you can convert them with the Format Cells function in Excel.
1. Select the data range that you want to convert.
2. Right click, and choose Format Cells from the context menu, see screenshot:
3. In the Format Cells dialog, under the Number tab, click Custom from the Category list box, input the number 0 into the Type box, see screenshot:
4. Then click OK button, and the cell numbers which displayed as scientific notation have been converted to normal numbers.
Convert scientific notation to text with formulas
The following formulas also can help you to convert the list of scientific notation to text.
1. Please enter this formula: =trim(A1) into a blank cell, B1 for instance, see screenshot:
2. Then drag the fill handle over to the range that you want to apply this formula, and you will get the result as you want:
Note: This UPPER function: =UPPER(A1) also can help you, please apply any one as you like.
Convert scientific notation to text with Kutools for Excel
If you have installed Kutools for Excel, you can use the Convert between Text and Number feature to finish this job.
After installing Kutools for Excel, please do as this:
1. Highlight the data range that you want to convert.
2. Click Kutools > Content > Convert between Text and Number, see screenshot:
3. In the Convert between Text and Number dialog box, check Number to text option, and then click OK or Apply button, the numbers displayed as scientific notation have been converted to normal numbers in the original range. See screenshot:
Tips:
If the length of your number is longer than 15 digits, it will not be converted to the complete numbers as you need. You just need to type the single quote before your input number or format your selected range as Text format in the Format Cells dialog box before you entering the numbers.
In this post, you’ll learn how to display numbers in Excel using engineering notation, how engineering notation differs from scientific notation, and how custom formats work in Excel
Contents
Video
Engineering Notation in Excel
Numbers can be displayed in Excel using engineering notation by creating the following custom format:
For more information about displaying numbers in engineering notation in Excel, continue reading:
Engineering Notation Background
Engineering notation is a way of expressing either very large or very small numbers in a readable way using exponential notation.
Engineering notation allows us to quickly determine whether the prefix on a unit is milli, micro, nano, kilo, mega, giga, or so on.
Scientific notation also provides a way of displaying very small and very large numbers, but it’s not as convenient because the exponent can be any integer.
By default, Excel can display values using scientific notation, but it does not have an engineering notation format built in. However, we can use a custom number format to display numbers this way.
Worksheet Inputs
To start, I’ll enter a number into the spreadsheet in cell B2. Just for fun, let’s just give it the unit of wiffles (believe it or not, this is a legitimate unit of measurement).
Worksheet Outputs
In cell B4, we’ll display the number in engineering notation. So, I’ll set cell B4 equal to cell B2.
How to Display Engineering Notation in Excel
Next, let’s create the custom format for cell B4 to show the value in engineering notation.
To do that, select B4 and click the icon at the lower right of the Number group in the Home tab of Excel ribbon.
Custom Format for Engineering Notation
In the number tab, select Custom.
And then in the “Type” field, enter the symbols to create the custom format:
We can see a preview of how the number in the cell will look in the Sample field at the top of the window.
Click OK.
The value in cell B4 is in engineering notation because 10 (represented by the letter E) is raised to the power of a number that is a multiple of three. In this case, it’s exactly three. So, there are 654.3 kilowiffles.
Engineering Notation vs. Scientific Notation in Excel
Let’s compare that to how the number would be displayed in scientific notation.
Set cell B6 equal the cell B2 and select cell B6.
Then, from the number group in the home ribbon, select the scientific format.
Scientific notation is very similar, but there’s one key distinction. The exponent is not a multiple of three, which makes it difficult to understand the prefix on the units.
How Engineering Notation Responds to Changes in the Magnitude of a Cell Value
When we increase the order of magnitude of the input value in cell B2, the value in cell B4 changes to 6.5E+6 or 6.5 times 10 raised to the power of six. Six is a multiple of three, so this is still engineering notation. And because we’re using engineering notation, it’s easy to tell that now we are talking about 6.5 megawiffles.
This engineering notation works, even when we’re talking about numbers that are less than zero. If a decimal point is added to the beginning of the number in cell B2, now we have 654.3 milliwiffles.
How the Excel Custom Format for Engineering Notation Works
Let’s take a closer look at the custom number format we created to understand how engineering notation works in Excel.
Whenever there is a zero in a custom format, a digit will be displayed there, even if it is an insignificant zero. With this format, there will always be a digit directly to the right and left of the decimal point because there are zeroes on either side of the decimal point.
The “#” sign is essentially an optional placeholder. It will not display insignificant zeros and will only display a digit when there is one to be displayed.
The combination of two #’s and a 0 on the left side of the decimal point forces Excel to display between one and three digits to the left of the decimal point. This will yield a number between zero and 999 on the left side. If the number is 1000, it will be displayed as 1.0E+3.
In this format, there will always be one digit displayed to the right of the decimal point. We can increase that by adding more zeros to the right of the decimal point.
This guide will explain how you can add a calculated field to a Pivot Table in Excel .
When working with Pivot Tables, you may want to perform additional calculations on the data found in the included fields. Excel allows you to specify your own formula to generate a new calculated field.
Table of Contents
 A Real Example of a Pivot Table with a Calculated Field
 How to Add a Calculated Field to Pivot Table in Excel
Let’s take a look at a sample scenario where we might need to create a calculated field in an Excel Pivot Table.
Suppose you have a Pivot Table of a dataset detailing business expenses and earnings. For each month, you can find the total amount spent on expenses. You’re also able to find the sum of sales in a given month. How can we find our monthly profits?
Our original dataset does not include a Profit field. We can, however, create a new Profit field from the existing fields that we have in our Pivot Table. In this basic example, we can assume that Total Sales – Total Expenses = Total Profits .
Excel gives users the ability to insert a calculated field into their pivot tables. The user simply has to provide a name for the new field and the formula to derive it.
This use case is just one way to use calculated fields in Excel. For example, we can create a new sales field with a percentage of tax deducted. Or we could create a new field that compares the total sales to some constant goal.
Now that we know when to add calculated fields to pivot tables in Excel, let’s take a look at how they work on an actual sample spreadsheet.
A Real Example of a Pivot Table with a Calculated Field
Let’s take a look at a real example of a calculated field function being used in an Excel Pivot Table.
In the example below, we have a dataset of companies and their total sales in dollars for a particular day. Let’s say we want to aggregate the data by country of origin. For each country we should see the sum of all total sales as well as that amount after tax.
The Pivot Table below uses the Country field as a row label. In column C, we’ve added a calculated field that deducts a certain percentage from the sum of all sales in a particular country.
To get the values in Column C, we just need to use the following formula:
You can make your own copy of the spreadsheet above using the link attached below.
If you want to try creating your calculated fields in Excel, simply follow our guide in the next section.
How to Add a Calculated Field to Pivot Table in Excel
This section will explain how you can start adding a calculated field to your Pivot Table. You’ll learn how to create a new Pivot Table from a dataset and define a new field.
Follow these steps to start adding calculated fields:

In the Insert tab, click on the icon labeled ‘PivotTable’.
This stepbystep guide should be all you need to begin adding calculated fields to Pivot Tables in Excel. It should now be easy for you to start defining new fields using formulas through Excel’s Pivot Table Analyze tab.
Excel’s Pivot Table is just one example of a powerful tool you can use to explore your data. With so many other Excel functions available, you can surely find one that suits your use case.
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Using Excel Solver
I tried using empty column entry for y in ‘By changing cells’ and Set objective function as LHS of above equation (empty column entry in equation included) equal to value of 97.5 in solver.
It gives no solution
How do I do this?
3 Answers 3
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Trending is based off of the highest score sort and falls back to it if no posts are trending.
It’s a bit ambiguous what you’re asking.
Literal math interpretation: 100*(e^0.25)*y = 97.5
Then y = 97.5 / ( 100 * exp(.25)) = .759
My guess of what you want: 100*e^(0.25*y) = 97.5
Then y = ln(97.5/100) / .25 = .101
Another possibility: (100 * e)^(0.25 * y) = 97.5
Then y = (ln(97.5) / ln(100*e)) / .25 = 3.268
Whatever it is, this doesn’t need solver!
You don’t really need the solver. Just rearrange your formula to solve for Y. Since y = b^x is the same as log(b)Y = x (log of Y , with base b )
Your formula above is the same as:
(Read aloud, that’s log of 97.5, with base 100e, divided by .25
So, Y = 3.268305672
(Bonus points for someone who can tell me how to format this so the Log looks correct)
The question is “How do I solve this exponential equation on Excel Solver?” which is a fair enough question, as it points to trying to understand how to set up solver.
My interpretation of the equation provided is given in this screenshot .
The solver dialog box is then setup as follows .
 This is a nonlinear equation and needs GRG Nonlinear. If you choose LP Simplex, it will not pass the linearity test.
 Ensure “Make Unconstrained Variables NonNegative” is not checked.
It provided this result for me .
A more precise answer can be obtained by decreasing the “Convergence” value on the GRG NonLinear Options dialog.
A problem this simple can also be solved using Goal Seek.
Chapter 44: Workout 33: The Exponential Distribution
Workout 33: The Exponential Distribution
The exponential distribution is simpler to understand mathematically. It also has a simple to use cumulative and inverse functions. But first, what is Mu?
the Exponential Distribution describes a service process. It is totally determined by a parameter called Mu which defines the average number of items that can be serviced in one time unit. It is a rate and must be expressed in items per time
One of the confusing aspects of the Exponential Distribution is that we have to be sure which “mode” it is in. We can ask the question: what is the probability that X items will be serviced in one hour given Mu = 2 hours? We can also use the Exponential Distribution that describes the time between services where Lambda (the same InterArrival Time in the Poisson) = 1 / Mu. In our case, 1 / 2 hours = 0.5 hours.
The question will be: what is the probability that an item will complete its service after 3 hours? We have to be sure which aspect of the service process we are plotting: the number of items serviced in one time unit or the time needed to service an item.
The formula for the probability of X services to be completed in a unit of time is given by:
Luckily, there is a formula for the cumulative exponential distribution:
This distribution is shown in the following chart:
The mean number of items serviced in one hour is 0.2 or we can say that the average time between services is 1 / 0.2 = 5 hours. You can ask the questions:
a) What is the probability a server can complete 5 items in one hour? The answer is approximately 0.0735 (taken from the table on which the chart was based).
b) What is the probability a server can complete 1 item in one hour? The answer is 0.1637.
Using the exponential distribution as a description of the probability for interservice time or the mean time between we have the following formulas:
And the cumulative exponential distribution:
When using traditional light bulbs, we know that they have an exponential distribution that describes their burn out time. They have a mean time before burning out = 500 hours. This means that if we take 20,000 bulbs and record the time until failure of each, the average of those times will be 500 hours.
Question What is the probability that a bulb will burn out sometime before 600 hours? Let us remember that if 1 / Mu = 500 hours so Mu = 0.002 bulbs burning out per hour. (Remember, Mu is a rate). Therefore, the probability of a bulb burning out anytime before 600 hours:
= 1 – e^(Mu * X) = 1 – e^(0.002 * 600) = 0.698806
Question What is the probability that we will find a bulb still working after 600 hours? The probability is then 1 – the cumulative probability we found in Question 1. This is
= 1 – (1 – e^(0.002 * 600)) = e^(0.002 * 600) = 0.301194.
Excel calls Mu, Lambda! The exponential distribution in Excel is EXPON.DIST(X, Lambda, Cumulative). But, Microsoft means by Lambda, Mu. They explain it as “a parameter value, a positive number” without indicating if it is the rate or the interservice time. We can test that quickly. In the above example, we found that the cumulative probability for X
Using Excel’s function as Microsoft requires, we need to use Lambda = 500 hours. Plugging in the values = EXPON.DIST(600, 500, TRUE) = 1 which is not correct. Try it with = EXPON.DIST(600, 0.002, TRUE) and you will get 0.698806.
To get a good grip on both POISSON.DIST() and EXPON.DIST(), remember that the middle argument in both functions must always be a In the exponential distribution we have: burn outs per hour, failures in one year, jobs completed in one week. In our terminology, Mu is a rate.
The Inverse of the Poisson and the Exponential
It is possible to have a model where there is a Poisson process that specifies the number of arrivals per unit time and then build a model that requires knowledge about when these arrivals take place. Luckily for us, Mathematicians have proved that if you have a Poisson process, the interarrival times are exponentially distributed with Mu in the exponential distribution = 1 / Lambda.
For say ambulances arrive according to a Poisson process at the Emergency Room gate at the rate of Lambda = 8 arrivals per hour. The distribution of the times between one arrival and the next (InterArrival Times) will be mathematically equivalent to an exponential distribution with a Mu (rate) = 1 / Lambda = 0.125 per hour. This means that ambulances will come every 0.125 hours or 0.125 * 60 = 7.5 minutes. This is significant when finding the inverse of the Poisson Distribution. When using the inverse of the exponential distribution (see below), its rate must be set to 1 / Lambda.
We will be developing a few waiting line (queuing) models where servers receive arrivers sequentially. We will require the inverse of the Exponential distribution to answer this question: given a rate of arrivals of clients at 20 per hour, the interarrival time is distributed according to an exponential distribution with Mu = 1 / 20 per hour = 0.05 per hour. One mistake to avoid is using the interarrival mean of the Poisson (0.05) and then dividing it to use it in the inverse of the exponential.
If you have a Poisson process with a rate parameter Lambda (the number of arrivals per unit time), the interarrival times are exponentially distributed with mean 1 / Lambda. It has been proved that if the cumulative exponential distribution is expressed as we did before:
Then the inverse of this function will be:
Remember that in this case, Mu is the rate of items serviced in a unit of time.
In Excel, this can easily be implemented where the probability = RAND(). (Review The Exponential Distribution workbook in the Distributions Folder to view an example of an inverse table and chart.
mathematically, the natural log is taken for the term (1 – probability). You will sometimes see the inverse being used as LN(1 – RAND()) or LN(RAND()). Of course, over a large set of runs, the distribution of the values we get from RAND() is the same as that we get from 1 – RAND().
The Scientific format displays a number in exponential notation, replacing part of the number with E+ n, in which E (exponent) multiplies the preceding number by 10 to the nth power. For example, a 2decimal scientific format displays 12345678901 as 1.23E+10, which is 1.23 times 10 to the 10th power.
Follow these steps to apply the scientific format to a number.
Select the cells that you want to format. For more information, see Select cells, ranges, rows, or columns on a worksheet.
Tip: To cancel a selection of cells, click any cell on the worksheet.
On the Home tab, click the small More button next to Number.
In the Category list, click Scientific.
Using the small arrows, specify the Decimal places that you want to display.
Tip: The number that is in the active cell of the selection on the worksheet appears in the Sample box so that you can preview the number formatting options that you select.
Also, remember that:
To quickly format a number in scientific notation, click Scientific in the Number Format box ( Home tab, Number group). The default for scientific notation is two decimal places.
A number format does not affect the actual cell value that Excel uses to perform calculations. The actual value can be seen in the formula bar.
The maximum limit for number precision is 15 digits, so the actual value shown in the formula bar may change for large numbers (more than 15 digits).
To reset the number format, click General in the Number Format box ( Home tab, Number group). Cells that are formatted with the General format do not use a specific number format. However, the General format does use exponential notation for large numbers (12 or more digits). To remove the exponential notation from large numbers, you can apply a different number format, such as Number.
Any ideas on how i should write this formula, the end bit has got the better of me
Re: writting an odd formula (1/4)
j2=j1 * (d2/d1)^(.25) or j2=j1 * (d2/d1) ^ (1/4)
Regards
[SIZE=3] Anthony
[/SIZE]&WCF_AMPERSAND[SIZE=3]
[/SIZE]&WCF_AMPERSAND&WCF_AMPERSAND&WCF_AMPERSAND[SIZE=2] You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist. [/SIZE]
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Re: writting an odd formula (1/4)
haha i know im thick
many thanks again phew
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Re: Using a fractional exponent in formula
You were cautioned about thread titles in one of your previous threads.
I have revised your thread title to an appropriate searchfriendly title. You will likely incur an infraction for poor thread titles in the future.
Thread titles are used in searching the forum, therefore, it is vital they be written to accurately describe your [COLOR=”blue”]thread content or overall objective[/COLOR] using ONLY search friendly key words. That is, your title use as search terms would return relevant results.
 The title must not use nonessential words such as:”Help needed”, “Formula problem”, “Please help”, “urgent”, “Code issue”, “Need Advice”, etc. Such words dilute the title/search results.
 The title should not contain VBA code or formula syntax or use abbreviations, jargon, delimiters (e.g. slashes, commas, colons, etc)
 The title should not contain reference to VBA error messages as these are too generic to define the specific problem
 The title should not assume or anticipate a solution as in referencing Excel functions or VBA methods – the actual solution is often quite different
 The title should not contain special characters such as
! @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) or math operators – these are not search friendly
Using Exponents and the SQRT Function to Find Square and Cube Roots in Excel
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Excel’s powerful mathematical toolkit includes functions for square roots, cube roots, and even nth roots.
Our review of these techniques will focus on the manual entry of formulas, but check out our tutorial on using Excel if you need a refresher on formula entry for core functions. A function’s syntax refers to the layout of the function and includes the function’s name, brackets, comma separators, and arguments.
These steps apply to all current versions of Excel, including Excel 2019, Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2019 for Mac, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, and Excel Online.
How to Find Roots in Excel
Calculate a square root. The syntax for the SQRT() function is:
In this example, the formula =D3^(1/3) is used to find the cube root of 216, which is 6.
Calculate the roots of imaginary numbers. Excel offers the IMSQRT() and IMPOWER() functions to return roots and powers of imaginary numbers. The syntax of these functions is identical to the realnumber versions.
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How to use the exponent symbol in formulae in Excel
3+2^1=5
3+2^0=3
3+2^2=11
why did equation 2 and 3 have different numbers than the original which is 5 cuz 3+2=5 not 3 or 11
Last edited by AliGW; 01082017 at 12:42 PM . Reason: Poor thread title amended.
Re: I need help with this equation
Your question should have been about how exponents change values. I recommend that you change it.
The answer lies in how the exponent (the part with ^and number.
2^1=2
2^0=1
2^2=4
Re: I need help with this equation
Hello Clesau & Welcome to the Forum,
Administrative Note:
 We would love to continue to help you with your query, but first, before we can proceed…
 Please see Forum Rule #1 about proper thread titles and adjust accordingly.
Re: I need help with this equation
Thank you 😀 didnt realize admins answer us
Re: I need help with this equation
Please go back again and change your thread title as suggested by Newdoverman in post #2 of this thread. “I need help with this equation” is no use: it’s too vague. Thanks.
Ali
Enthusiastic selftaught user of MS Excel who’s always learning!
Don’t forget to say “thank you” to anyone who has offered you help in your thread. You can reward them by clicking on * Add Reputation below theur user name on the left, if you wish.
Forum Rules (updated September 2018): please read them here.
How to use the Power Query code you’ve been given: help here. More about the Power suite here.
Re: I need help with this equation
.. what do you mean am I not allowed to type as the title of some one ._. seriously
Re: I need help with this equation
I have no idea what you mean. You have been asked to change your thread title: as a oneoff, I will do it for you, but in future you must follow the forum rules and use titles that are more explicit of the problem you are facing.
Re: How to use the exponent symbol in formulae in Excel
Just to clear this up for you, Clesau, you need to give your thread a title that is descriptive of your problem – not what you think the answer might be. (think google search terms?).
Many members search our previous posts, and thread titles play a big part of the search. I doubt anybody would do a search based on your title?
Thanks for your understanding
1. Use code tags for VBA. [code] Your Code [/code] (or use the # button)
2. If your question is resolved, mark it SOLVED using the thread tools
3. Click on the star if you think someone helped you
Written by cofounder Kasper Langmann, Microsoft Office Specialist.
Finding the square root of a number in Excel is still a mystery to some Excel users.
The truth is, there is more than 1 way you can square root any number in Excel.
However, using the radical symbol in the formula bar is not one of them. In fact, using the square root symbol in a formula has no effect whatsoever.
In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to square root any number in Excel. As a bonus, we’ll also show you what key combinations you’ll have to press to insert the square root symbol.
Let’s get started! 🔍
Table of Content
What is a square root?
The square root of a number x is a number y that when multiplied by itself, results in that number x .
Let’s use an example:
The square root of 9 is 3. When you multiply 3 by 3, the answer is 9.
When written in a formulaic structure, the square root is represented by the radical (√) symbol
As you can see, the number which we would like to get the square root of is written under a radical symbol . This causes the number whose square root is being computed to be called as “radicand” .
It’s important to know how to square root in Excel especially if you’re in the field of architecture, engineering, and statistics.
Operators in Excel helps to perform verity of operations in Excel Calculations. Excel Operators are very useful in creating Formulas and Expressions. We can divide the Excel Operators into 4 major categories. Such as,1. Reference Operators, 2. Arithmetic Operators, 3. Concatenation Operator and 4. Comparison Operators.
Reference Operators
Excel Reference Operators are used to refer the Excel Ranges and Cells in the Formula. Colon, Space and Comma are the Reference Operators in Excel. Excel will evaluate these Operations first when you use in Excel.
Reference All the Cells of Two Ranges
We can use the Range Operator (:) Colon to refer all the Cells Between Two Ranges. For Example, A1 to E5 can be referred as A1:E5 in Excel Formula.
Examples:
 Sum all the cells of the Range D1 to D25, =SUM(D1:D25)
 Count the cells with data of a Column B, =COUNT(B:B)
Reference the Common Range of Cells in Two Ranges
We can use the Intersection Operator ( ) SPACE to Intersection Cells of Two Ranges. For Example, Intersecting Cells of Range A1:B5 and B1:D5 can be refereed as A1:B5 B1:D5 in Excel.
Examples:
Combines Multiple References to One Reference
We can use the Union Operator (,) Comma to Combine Two Ranges in to One. For Example, Combine Cells of Range A5:B10 and C1:D5 can be refereed as A5:B10,C1:D5 in Excel.
Examples:
Arithmetic Operators
Excel Arithmetic Operators are used to perform the mathematical calculations in Excel. +,,*,/,^,,% are the Arithmetic Operators in Excel. Excel will evaluate these Operations after the reference operators when you use in Excel Formula.
Negation Operator is useful to find the Negation value of number. For example, 25 can be converted to its Negation value, 25
We can use the Percentage (%) Operator to find the Percentage Number. For example, 10%*150
Examples:
Number 2 (Right) Exponential of the Number 1 (Left)
We can use Caret/ Exponentiation Operator to find the Exponential value of number. For example, 10^2 returns the square value of 10=100.
Examples:
 Square value of 25 can be found using exponentiation operator, =25^2
 Cube value of 100 can be found using exponentiation operator, =100^3
Divide the Number 1 (Left) with Number 2 (Right)
Forward slash is the division of Operator in Excel to divide any number with another number. For example, 10/2, 10 is dived by 2.
Multiply the Number 1 (Left) with Number 2 (Right)
We can multiply using */ Asterisk Operator in Excel. For example, A1*25
Examples:
 Multiply Two Ranges, =A1*B1
 Sum the values in Column A and Multiply with Range B1, =SUM(A:A)*B1
Add the Number 1 (Left) with Number 2 (Right)
We can use + (Plus) operator to add in the Excel. For example, =25+75
Examples:
Subtract the Number 2 (Right) from Number 1 (Left)
We can use – (Minus) Operator to Subtract the numbers in Excel. For example, =5010
Examples:
Concatenation Operator
Ampersand (&) is the Concatenate Operator in Excel. & uses to connect the results of two expressions or Strings. We can concatenate two strings, two values or both, the result will be a string.
Concatenates two strings and returns String 1 (Left) String 2 (Right)
We can use &(Ampersand) Operator to concatenate two strings. For Example, =”Hello!”&” How are You?”
Examples:
Comparison Operators
Comparison Operators in Excel uses to compare two expressions in Excel Formula. =,>, =, are the comparison operators in Excel.
Checks if two expressions are equal
Example:
Checks if Expression 1 (Left) is Greater than Expression 2 (Right)
Example:
Checks if Expression 1 (Left) is Greater than or Equal to Expression 2 (Right)
Example:
=IF(A1>=A2,”Greater than or equal”,”Smaller”)
March 04, 2022 – by Bill Jelen
Problem: I have a room that is 10 feet x 10 feet x 10 feet. How do I find the volume of the cube?
Strategy: The formula for volume is width x length x height. In this case, it is 10 x 10 x 10, or 103. In Excel, the caret symbol (also known as “the little hat,” or “the symbol when you press Shift 6 ”) is used to indicate exponents. Here’s how you use it to find the volume of your room:
1. In cell B2, enter 10 .
2. In cell B3, enter the formula =B2^3 .
The result will be 1,000 cubic feet of volume in the room.
Figure 357. The caret raises a number to a power.
Bill Jelen is the author / coauthor of:
MrExcel 2022 Boosting Excel
The 6th Edition of MrExcel XL, updated with new functions released for Microsoft 365.
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ST. LOUIS – 08/25/2022
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I have a userform and when the user selects a cell, say A3, the form populates with the data in that row. The user can update the data in the form and
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Fixed exponent in scientific notation
Hi, I want to display two values with the scientific notation in a way, that both of the values have the same fixed exponent value, i.e.:
x=2345,5
y=0,897
Should be displayed as:
x=2,3455e3
y=0,000897e3
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
Just format them using the scientific notation option.
If any of the responses have helped then please consider rating them by clicking the small star icon below the post.
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
Welcome to the forum.
Try formatting as 0.0#####,”e3″ adapted for your regional settings (note that it includes both a decimal and a comma)
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
Let’s say the number x=0,0234
When I format the cell using notation 0.0#### the value is of course calculated right,
but when I use something like this: 0.0#####,”e3″ the original value in the cell and the processed value aren’t equal: 0.0234!=0,0234e3.
This doesn’t solve my problem. What I want to do with the two values is that they should be displayed as:
xe(fixed exponent)
ye(fixed exponent),
no matter, what the actual x and y values are. When I format cells using the engineering notation I still get something like this:
x=0,001029628
y=0,00008481
After processing:
x=1,030e 03
y=84,810e 06
I want the numbers marked as red in the above example to be equal, no matter what x and y are.
If somebody has a macro dealing with this I would be glad to see it (I know some programming languages, but not the VBA).
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
Here’s what I get with my suggestion using US regional settings:
Last edited by shg; 11272009 at 09:00 PM .
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
I want this exactly! Thank you!
I guess I’ve input your formula wrong, because I use european (polish) regional settings.
But even after reading your last post I’m still unable to “format” the formula the right way.
In Europe, we’ve got a comma and not a dot in the value representation, so I’ve figured out I have to change that in your script. But I don’t know what sing should I use for: 0,00#### , “e3”.
And another question: does this thing “e3” is something like a formatting flag for a printf() function in c++?
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
I don’t know what the analog is in C++, and I can’t tell you how to change the format string for Polish settings, sorry.
Perhaps someone else will pipe in.
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
Hi,
I’ve found and answer.
You have to type in: 0,0### “e3”
The space character right before the first double quote means: “display the value as thousands (divide the value by 1000)” and the “e3” thing is just a double char string added at the end of the number.
The thing with the space character is that when you add this space character at the end of the formula (and only at the end of the formula) Excel will treat it as a conversion flag: “display as thousands”. Double space = “display as millions” and so on.
Re: Fixed exponent in scientific notation
To meet your original request that the numbers should display the same fixed exponent, then the numbers should look like the following
You can get these by formatting the numbers with
You’ll need to replace the “.” ,which in my regional settings is the decimal point, with your local setting – presumably the “,”
Let’s call this installment, “The Mysterious Case of the Vanishing Parts.” (Read carefully — that’s paRts, not paNts.)
And before I begin this sad story, remember to add your Excel question in the comments for Friday’s Excelerators Quiz post, so you have the chance to win a shiny new monitor.
Strange Formatting
Last Friday, I was working on a client’s Excel file, revising some VBA code that splits a list of manufacturing parts into multiple columns, strips a couple of characters off the front of the part name, and copies the results to another column.
It seemed to be going well, until I got an email from my client, saying that some of the part numbers looked funny. He included a screenshot, and indeed, those part numbers did look odd. Here’s an example, using some dummy data.
Scientific Notation Formatting
“Aha!” I thought. (Yes, I actually talk to myself like that. 😉 ) Those parts were all numbers, so Excel just formatted them as Scientific Notation. I could simply format the column as General at the end of the macro, to make them look right.
Unfortunately, it wasn’t that simple. When I clicked on one of the affected cells, the formula bar showed 220 as the actual part number. So, if I changed the formatting to General, 220 is the part number that would be copied to other cells, later in the macro.
However, after a bit more investigation, I found that the original part number wasn’t 220, it was 22E1. Close, but manufacturing might be adversely affected if Excel starts making up new part numbers!
Why the Part Number Was Changed
Because the original part number (22E1) started with numbers, followed by the letter E, then another number, Excel interpreted it as a number in Scientific Notation. It converted that number to Excel’s style of Scientific Notation (exponential) formatting – 2.20E+02.
I’m sure Excel was trying to help, but that creates problems, just as it does when Excel changes 610 to a date for you, without asking.
The workaround to this unsolicited help is to force the data to be recognized as text, as Microsoft explains in its article: Text or number converted to unintended number format in Excel.
Fixing the Problem
In my client’s macro, instead of formatting the parts column after copying the part names, I added an apostrophe at the start of each part name.
hat left the “E” parts in their original format, and the problem was solved.
Here’s the formula that is added in the VBA code:
.Range(“D2?).Formula = “=IF($A2<>$A1,””‘”” & $U2,””””)”
Scientific Notation Explained
If you’d like to know how scientific notation works, in fairly simple terms, you can read this article: Scientific Notation
And for an even shorter and simpler description, here’s a short video in which a math teacher explains scientific notation. And remember to do your homework!
5 thoughts on “Exponential Problems in Excel”
What a studly Math teacher. I know I’m getting old when the Math teacher looks too young to be one.
Really? I didn’t notice, because I was concentrating on the chalk board. 😉
I am trying to turn a data set that includes one set of very long numbers (transaction numbers for a retailer) into a pivot table. I format the column with the long numbers as text in the raw data sheet, then when I create the pivot table, those long numbers automatically turn to scientific notation and numbers that are unique on the raw data sheet are now grouped together. How can I avoid this?
Changing numeric cells to text format is not enough.
You must reapply the input addionally.
You could copy the whole column and paste it again, specifying “text only”.
This problem is not linked to pivots, but overall to referencing auch cells.
There’s an easy way without using macros. Let’s say we have the following scenario:
– User has a large 5,000row CSV file. Excel’s importing of CSV is buggy, so we can’t use the data>import from text solution. Which rules out being able to specify certain columns as TEXT instead of GENERAL during the import process (which will allow us to avoid the exponential numbers issue in the first place). Thus user is forced to doubleclick on the CSV file, while will allow Excel to load all the data correctly. Except that we have the exponential number problem occurring in one of the columns, let’s say column X. Let’s also assume we have a oneline header, i.e. line 1.
1) rightclick on column Y, the neighbouring column to the right, and select Insert. This will cause column Y to be shifted right and become column Z, and we have a new column Y, which is blank.
2) Skipping Y1 (since row #1 is the header row), go to Y2 and type the following, exactly:
=””&+X2
That is, “equals sign, two doublequotes, ampersand, plus sign, (cell number)”.
3) this formula will fix the exponent being displayed in X2 to the correct string in Y2. Yay.
4) copy Y2, then selectpaste it into Y3Y5000, i.e. the rest of the column.
We aren’t done yet though – that just fixes the display, if someone copies cells from column Y and pastes elsewhere, it will only copy the formula. So we need to convert column Y from formula into text.
5) select Y2 to Y5000, then rightclick anywhere on the highlighted cells – select Paste Options>Values (the icon which shows “123”, it should be the second icon from the left, right after the icon of a clipboard). This will basically repaste the cells in Y back on themselves, but convert from formula to text.
6) We’re done – now the user can simply copy and paste whichever cells they want from column Y.
Column X is still there though, you can delete it if you want, or leave it as proof of Excel’s screwup.
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Thanks to spreadsheet software like Excel, it has become easier than ever to find squares of thousands of numbers at a time, even if some of them are quite large.
With Excel there are two ways in which you can square a number:
 Using a Formula
 Using a Function
Both ways are quick and easy, as you will soon see.
In this tutorial, we are going to show you how to use the above two ways to find the square of a number in Excel.
Table of Contents
Two Quick Ways to Square a Number in Excel
To understand how to quickly square numbers in Excel, we are going to use the following dataset:
In this dataset, we want to find the square of each value of column A and display the result in column B.
Let us see how to accomplish this in Excel.
Using a Formula to Square a Number
Squaring a number simply means multiplying a number by itself, or raising it to the power of 2.
So, to square the number in the cell reference A2, you can write the formula in two different ways:
 Using the multiplication operator to multiply it by itself
 Using the caret operator to raise the number to the power of 2
Using the Multiplication Operator
In Excel, you can multiply numbers using the multiplication operator, also known as an asterisk symbol (‘*’).
So to multiply the value in cell A2 with itself, you can use the formula:
Thus, here are the steps you can follow to find the square of each number in our given dataset:
 Select the cell where you want the first result to appear (cell B2).
 Type the formula: =A2*A2.
 Press the return key.
 The square of the value in A2 should now be displayed as the result in cell B2.
 Drag down the fill handle (the small square at the bottom right corner of cell B2) till you reach the last row of your dataset.
 Each cell in column B should now contain the square of the corresponding value in column A.
Using the Caret Operator
In Excel, you can raise one number to the power of another using the exponent operator, also known as a caret symbol (‘^’).
So to square the value in cell A2 you need to raise it to the power of 2. For this, you can use the formula:
Thus, here are the steps you can follow to find the square of each number in our given dataset:
 Select the cell where you want the first result to appear (cell B2).
 Type the formula: =A2^2.
 Press the return key.
 The square of the value in A2 should now be displayed as the result in cell B2.
 Drag down the fill handle (the small square at the bottom right corner of cell B2) till you reach the last row of your dataset.
 Each cell in column B should now contain the square of the corresponding value in column A.
Using a Function to Square a Number
Excel provides a useful function to raise a number to a certain power.
The POWER function works like an exponent in a standard math equation and raises one number to the power of another.
The syntax for the POWER function is as follows:
 number is the number that you want to raise to an exponent.
 power is the exponent you want to raise the number to the power of.
So if you want to use the POWER function to find the square of a number, say the value in cell A2, you need to raise it to the power of 2 as follows:
Thus, here are the steps you can follow to find the square of each number in our given dataset:
 Select the cell where you want the first result to appear (cell B2).
 Type the formula: =POWER(A2,2).
 Press the return key.
 The square of the value in A2 should now be displayed as the result in cell B2.
 Drag down the fill handle (the small square at the bottom right corner of cell B2) till you reach the last row of your dataset.
 Each cell in column B should now contain the square of the corresponding value in column A.
Note: The POWER function is located along with the Math & Trig functions in the Formulas tab (under Function Library). If you’re in the Insert Function dialog box, you can find it under the Select a Category dropdown list.
In this tutorial, we showed you three very easy and quick ways to square a number in Excel.
The first two methods use a formula, while the third method uses the POWER function. We hope you found this tutorial simple and easy to follow.
Other Excel tutorials you may also like:
How to use exponents in excel formulas? Power(10,4)” (without the quotation marks) in the formula bar. To execute the formula, press Enter or click the checkmark to the left of the formula bar.
Why does formula go bad after an hour? After you prepare formula, any formula that is left over in the bottle your baby drank from needs to be thrown away. This is because that bottle now has bacteria from your baby’s mouth in it, which means it might be contaminated with germs.
How long is bottle good for after baby drinks? If your baby did not finish the bottle, use the leftover milk within 2 hours after the baby is finished feeding. After 2 hours, leftover breast milk should be discarded.
How long is mixed powder formula good for in the fridge? An unused bottle of formula mixed from powder can last up to 24 hours in the fridge. That’s why many parents opt to make a larger batch of formula in the morning and portion out into bottles — or pour into bottles as needed — for use throughout the day.
How to use exponents in excel formulas? – Related Questions
How to round formula in excel?
To round to the nearest multiple, use the MROUND function. To round down to the nearest specified place, use the ROUNDDOWN function. To round down to the nearest specified multiple, use the FLOOR function. To round up to the nearest specified place, use the ROUNDUP function.
What is the difference between molecular formula and chemical formula?
A chemical formula can refer to one atom whereas a molecular formula has two or more atoms bound together. Similarities are they are both elements and the chemical symbols remain the same. This is the ratio of the elements used to make a chemical whereas molecular formula is how many atom are used to make a molecule.
What age can you use powder formula?
Powdered infant formula is not sterile and may contain bacteria that is harmful to very young babies. It is best NOT to give powdered formula to babies under 2 months of age.
Who invented the cubic formula?
The solution to the cubic (as well as the quartic) was published by Gerolamo Cardano (15011576) in his treatise Ars Magna. However, Cardano was not the original discoverer of either of these results. The hint for the cubic had been provided by Niccolò Tartaglia, while the quartic had been solved by Ludovico Ferrari.
How much to feed a infant formula?
You can start by offering your baby 1 to 2 ounces of infant formula every 2 to 3 hours in the first days of life if your baby is only getting infant formula and no breast milk. Give your baby more if he or she is showing signs of hunger. Most infant formulafed newborns will feed 8 to 12 times in 24 hours.
How do you determine empirical formula from the molecular formula?
To determine the empirical formula of a known substance, such as glucose, we take the subscripts of the molecular formula (C6H12O6) and reduce then to the simplest whole number ratios. If we divide this by 6, we get C1H2O1.
How often does a 2 month old eat formula?
2montholds will usually drink 3 to 6 ounces of formula every three to four hours. That adds up to 18 to 32 ounces of formula in around eight feedings total in a 24hour period.
How budget is formulated in pakistan?
In Pakistan, budget making as an annual process starts in October each year on issuance of a Budget Call Circular (BCC) by Ministry of Finance. BCC is issued to all the ministries, divisions and departments of the government. It explains the procedure for preparation of Budget estimates.
Can formula milk cause constipation in toddlers?
It’s quite common for your baby to become constipated when they start having first infant formula (which is harder to digest than breast milk) or eating processed foods. This is because their body is learning how to cope with digesting new things.
How long does a can of formula last after opening?
Opened containers of readytofeed and liquid concentrate formulas are good for 48 hours. Powdered formula should be used within one month of opening the can or tub.
When should a child stop drinking formula?
In general, experts recommend weaning your baby off of formula and onto full fat dairy milk at around 12 months of age. However, like most babyraising standards, this one isn’t necessarily set in stone and can come with certain exceptions.
What the triangle area formula?
To calculate the area of a triangle, multiply the height by the width (this is also known as the ‘base’) then divide by 2.
How to know how much formula to give baby?
During the first 4 to 6 months, when your baby isn’t eating any solids, here’s a simple rule of thumb: Offer 2.5 ounces of formula per pound of body weight each day, with a maximum of about 32 ounces daily. For example, if your baby weighs 6 pounds, you’ll give her about 15 ounces of formula in a 24hour period.
What is square area formula?
s x s where s is the length of each side of the square. For example, the area of a square of each side of length 8 feet is 8 times 8 or 64 square feet.
Do formula fed babies really sleep more?
Some studies even find formulafed babies sleep more at night than breastfed babies as early as four weeks of age. The evidence is strongest, though, for older babies. Breastfed babies and even nursing toddlers are more likely to wake up to feed in the middle of the night.
What is hypoallergenic formula?
Hypoallergenic formulas are designed for babies who can’t tolerate cow’s milkbased formulas. The term “hypoallergenic” means that the formula contains protein that has been hydrolyzed or broken down into very small proteins. These tiny proteins are less likely to cause an allergic reaction.
When to take liver detox formula?
Low instances of recurrent infections & better sugar control. Digestion is improved leading to proper digestion and assimilation of nutrients and removal of toxins. Directions of use: 2 capsules twice daily, with plain water after meals or directed by the Physician.
How many ounces does hipp formula make?
Each tin container of HiPP Dutch Stage 1 contains 800 grams (28 oz) of formula powder, which should make at least 210 fl oz of prepared formula.
What is a good price elasticity of demand formula?
The price elasticity of demand is calculated as the percentage change in quantity divided by the percentage change in price. Therefore, the elasticity of demand between these two points is 6.9%−15.4% which is 0.45, an amount smaller than one, showing that the demand is inelastic in this interval.
How do you make the formula bar visible?
Click File (or the Office button in earlier Excel versions). Go to Options. Click Advanced in the left pane. Scroll down to the Display section and select the Show Formula bar option.
Let’s get a very good understanding of how you can extrapolate in Excel. But before we get to that, you must understand what extrapolation is. And that’s what we’ll begin with.
What is Extrapolation in Excel ?
Extrapolation is a mathematical approach that predicts past the wonderful variety via way of means of programming and increasing beyond known data. So it’s a kind of data evaluation and visualization approach in Excel.
In the technique of calculating values outdoor a known location of numerical data, Microsoft Excel involves the rescue. To automate the calculation technique, it is sufficient to take the to be had data as a basis and carry out some easy steps.
Here is a stepvia way of means of step instruction with reasons on a way to extrapolate data in Excel below.
Formula to Extrapolate in Excel
To extrapolate data via way of means of the system, we want to apply factors of the linear chart:
The linear extrapolation system is:
You can input the system in step with factors of your data values and extrapolate the goal value.
Tabular Data Extrapolate in Excel
For example, we use the data from the subsequent table, which shows the dependence of the function values at the x argument.
In this case, that is the number of manufactured units of output over a positive time in mins.
As we see, for our example, the number of units of output manufactured every 15 mins of time from zero to a hundred and twenty mins (2 hours) inclusive is known.
 To extrapolate this data in Excel, you should carry out the subsequent steps consistently.
 We decide the x number, in terms of which it is vital to make a forecast.
 In our case, that is a term for which it is vital to decide the number of manufactured merchandise.
Example:
For example, we’re interested in a duration of five hours 15 mins, or 315 mins. We upload the subsequent value of the argument we’re interested in by 315 withinside the “x” column.
 Select the cell wherein we need to get the preferred end result(output) and click on the function icon, to insert a function.
 Search for forecast function withinside the seek field of the function wizard, and select it.
 Press Enter or click to the Insert function button to insert the forecast function.
In the window of the function values opened, input the subsequent data:
The “x” field: the cope with of the cell with the “x” value of our interest (it is 315 in our case) – for this purpose, we click on the corresponding cell;
Here the “known_y’s” field, we input the variety of values withinside the f(x) column (in our case, from a hundred to 800 pieces) – via way of means of additionally deciding on this variety with the mouse
In the “known_x’s” field, we input the corresponding variety of values of the “x” column (in our case, from 15 to a hundred and twenty mins), as withinside the preceding subparagraph.
Press Enter on the keyboard or click on the Done button.
And the preferred end result will seem withinside the corresponding cell – in our example, that is the number 2, a hundred, i.e. 2, a hundred units of the products might be manufactured in three hours 15 mins the use of the extrapolation approach.
 In an identical way, we will calculate the value of f (x) for any preferred value of x. To do this, you have to upload the known time values (in our case) to the “x” value column and duplicate the system that we entered into the corresponding cell in step 2 into the subsequent cells subsequent to the x values.
 So, we found a way to extrapolate data in Excel. As it grew to become out, this isn’t a complicated challenge even for a primary user.
 It is sufficient to recognize the vital function and feature the corresponding numerical data for calculations. Following the stairs defined above, all of the steps for calculating extrapolation in Excel might be easy and straightforward.
How to Extrapolate a Graph via way of means of Trendline
Extrapolating a graph via way of means of trendline allows you to constitute visible data trends. Here we’re going to discover ways to upload a trendline to our charts:
 Select the data variety.
 Click on the Insert tab which you will find in ribbon.
 From the chart section, click on the Line chart (you may choose up the Scatter chart too.)
 Click at the Chart Element icon and test the Trendline checkbox.
 Click the trend line of the graph to open the Trendline pane and do your custom setting.
How to Extrapolate Nonlinear Data via way of means of Trendline
When you’ve got got a nonlinear dataset, you want to locate the data change trend by the use of a trendline after which forecast the preferred value. Here’s how you may do it:
 Draw a scatter plot.
 Click at the Chart Element icon and test the Trendline checkbox.
 Click the trend line of the graph to go Format Trendline pane.
 Add oneofakind styles of the trendline (exponential, logarithmic, and polynomial) to the chart and test “Display Rsquared value on the chart” and “Display Equation on Chart” boxes.
 To decide the best trendline have a take a observe the Rsquared value. The maximum Rsquared value indicates the best trendline to your data.
 Positioned x withinside the equation proven withinside the chart.
Choose The Best Trendline
When you’ve got got a data set, you want to locate the data change trend and forecast them in a graph.
In Excel, we’ve got six styles of trendlines.
 Exponential
 Linear
 Logarithmic
 Polynomial
 Power
 Moving Average
Exponential – When data values rise or fall at better rates, and there aren’t any 0 or minus Y values, we use the Exponential trendline.
Linear – When your plotted data set is just like a line, in different words, while the data is increasing or decreasing at a regular rate, use the Linear trendline.
Logarithmic – When you’ve got got a swift data decrease or increase, use the Logarithmic trendline. The data may be negative or positive. Invalid for 0 or negative X values.
Polynomial – Assume you’ve got got a huge data set this is analyzing profits and losses. Fluctuation is the primary cause for the use of this trendline.
Power – This trendline is used when you examine measurements that increase at a selected rate. Invalid for 0 or terrible X values.
Moving Average – This trendline makes use of the common of the unique number of data factors via way of means of the Period option.
Conclusion
That’s how you extrapolate in Excel. I hope you have understood the meaning of what extrapolation is and how we extrapolate in Excel with a variety of different methods. I’ll see you in the next tutorial now. Until then, keep practicing Excel and becoming more proficient with us!